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MODULE 1: NSTP Law and its Significance to Adamson University’s Vision-Mission and Nation-Building 1. RA 9163 a. Legal Basis and History • Commonwealth Act No. 1 mandates that the preservation of the state as an obligation of every citizens; • To supervise the conduct of pre-military training section 35 of the National Defense Act mandates the establishment of Reserve Officers Training Corps and the first ROTC Unit was established in the University of the Philippines in 1935; • After World War II, the establishment of ROTC units was thru the issuance of orders from Armed Forces of the Philippines until school year 2001-2002; • Presidential Decree no. 1706 otherwise known as the National Service Law which took effect on September 8, 1980 mandates the compulsory national service for every Filipino citizen. Its implementation was suspended and the old ROTC implementing rules was followed; • Section 4 of Article 2 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution defines the power of the state to call to render personal or military service and that the state should maintain a regular force to maintain the security of the state; • RA 7077 otherwise known as the Citizen Armed Forces of the Philippines Reservist Act makes clear the duty of the state to maintain standing or regular armed force in section 2 and citizens must be provided maximum opportunity to participate in national defense in section 3. The law also provides clear provisions in the definition, establishment and acceptance of advance Reserve Officers Training Corps, organizations and staffing, maintenance and operation and scholarships; • In 1995 the Department of National Defense, Department of Education and new implementing rules and regulation for RA 7077 adopted the idea of making the ROTC program as “purely voluntary endeavor;” The death of Mark Chua during the 1st semester of led to numerous student demonstrations for the abolition of ROTC and the legislation of RA 9163. b. RA 9163 or National Service Training Program Act of 2001 • It affirms the prime duty of the government to serve and protect its people, yet, it is also the responsibility of all citizens to defend the security of the state and maybe required by the government to render personal or military service; • It affirms the vital role of youth in nation-building by promoting civic consciousness and to develop their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual and social well-being. And also, inculcates patriotism, nationalism and involve them in public and civic affairs; • It also affirms the need to motivate, train, organize and mobilize the youth in military training, literacy, civic welfare and other similar endeavors in the service of the nation. c. Components • Reserve Officer’s Training Corps (ROTC) – is designed to provide military training to tertiary students in order to motivate, train organize and mobilize them for national defense preparedness; • Civic Welfare Training Service (CWTS) - refers to the program component or activities contributory to the general welfare and the betterment of life for the members of the community or the enhancement of its facilities, especially those devoted to improving health, education, environment, entrepreneurship, safety, recreation and moral of the citizenry and other social welfare services; • Literacy Training Service (LTS) - refers to the program component designed to train the students to become teachers of literacy and numeracy skills to school children, out-of-school youth and other segments of society in need of their services d. Vital Provisions of the Implementing Rules and Regulation Who should take NSTP? - Students, male and female, of any baccalaureate degree course or at least two (2)-year technical vocational course in public and private educational institutions are required tocomplete one (1) NSTP components as a requisite for graduation. - Each of the aforementioned NSTP course must be completed or undertaken for an academic period of two (2) semesters; - One-Summer program may be designed by the Department of National Defense (DND), Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). Why should I take NSTP program in Adamson? - All higher and technical-vocational institutions, public and private, must offer at least one of the program components. How much do I need to pay for my NSTP program? - Schools shall not collect any fee for any of the NSTP components except basic tuition fees which shall not be more than fifty percent (50%) of what is currently charged by schools per unit in their academic subjects. Is there scholarship grant in NSTP? - There is hereby created Special Scholarship Program for qualified students taking the NSTP which shall be administered by the Commission on higher Education (CHED) and Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). Who manages and designs AdU NSTP program? - The school authorities shall exercise academic and administrative supervision over the design, formulation, adoption and implementation of the different NSTP components in their respective schools; - In Adamson University, NSTP is being implemented by Office for Student Affairs (OSA), Integrated Community Extension Services (ICES) and by the Office of the Associate Vice-President for Academic Affairs. What is the National Service Reserve Corps? - It is composed of all graduates of non-ROTC components of NSTP or the CWTS and LTS program. Member of this corps shall be tapped by the state for literacy and civic welfare activities through the joint effort of Department of National Defense (DND), Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA); - Graduates of ROTC, however, shall form the Citizen’s Armed Force pursuant to RA 7077. 2. Adamson University a. Vision Adamson University, a Catholic, Vincentian educational institution, is a recognized leading center for quality education particularly for the socially disadvantaged. b. Mission As a Catholic university, we diligently pursue truth and knowledge, inspired by Gospel values and guided by the teaching of the Church. As a Vincentian community, we inspire others to follow the examples of St. Vincent de Paul, who led and organized his contemporaries in creatively responding to those who are in need. As an institution of learning, we assist in the formation of competent,

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IET Lucknow CWTS 12 - CWTS Reviewer 1st Sem

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