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Study Guide Biology 102 Exam 1 This list is only a study guide not a complete list of all the material on the test Any material discussed in class is potential test material Going over your lecture notes and the power point slides on ecampus is important Domains and Kingdoms 1 All living things are grouped into one of the three domains Name the domains and describe the basis of classification Which domains do each of the following belong to plants animals fungi common bacteria 2 Which domain is the most diverse 3 Eukaryotes can be divided into four kingdoms know their names Describe the differences between Plants Animals and Fungi based on their nutrition 4 The present phylogenetic trees are based on 5 Know to read evolutionary trees 6 What are the characteristics shared by all living things 7 Know the two basic types of cells and what makes prokaryotes and eukaryotes different What kinds of organisms are prokaryotes Are multi celled organisms eukaryotes prokaryotes or both 8 What features do ALL cells share Review your notes from class Bacteria and archaea 1 What structures do bacteria and archaea cells have in common Are they prokaryotes or 2 Know the parts and functions of a typical bacterial cell 3 Are bacteria relatively new or relatively ancient forms of life on Earth 4 Describe the general modes of nutrition of bacteria How are autotrophs and heterotrophs eukaryotes different 5 What 3 general shapes are seen in bacteria How does Gram staining work 6 What is bacterial reproduction called 7 How does bacteria get new genetic material DNA Ans Conjugation Transduction Transformation look up your notes and make sure you know what these terms mean 8 Name some reasons why bacteria are essential to humans and to life on Earth What are the good things that bacteria does Define bioremediation Do most bacteria cause diseases 9 What is an antibiotic How do antibiotics work Where do most antibiotics come from Role of plasmid in antibiotic resistance 10 Be familiar with any examples of bacteria discussed in class 11 Why are the prokaryotes split into two different domains The answer will include all the differences that I mentioned in class between bacteria and archaea Know the differences For many molecular features DNA cell membrane etc Archaea are most like organisms in domain In appearances archaea are most like the organisms in domain Know the various types of archaea that live in extreme conditions 12 Do archaea live only in extreme conditions Viruses 13 Describe the structure of a typical virus Some viruses have an additional 14 What is a bacteriophage 15 What is the difference between replication in DNA virus RNA virus and Retrovirus 16 Why do viruses need host cells 17 How does a virus attach itself to and enter a cell Why is that most viruses can only infect a single species enzymes help with 18 Know the structure of a HIV virus What enzymes does a HIV virus have and what do those 19 Know the process of HIV replication 20 Does a virus always cause immediate infection Review HIV in the book 21 How do emerging viruses come about 22 Know about vaccines and antiviral drugs How can antiviral drugs be designed to stop HIV reproduction 23 What is a prion What are the diseases caused by prions What similar condition occurs in humans How do individuals become infected 24 Be familiar with any specific examples of viruses or prions discussed in class 25 Any beneficial viruses 26 What do the letters H and N in a flu virus name H1N1 represent 27 Be able to define or explain the following terms Emerging viruses Viral genome genetic material do all viruses have one What is it made of Capsid do all viruses have one What is it made of Envelope membrane do all viruses have one What is it made of Bacteriophage Reverse transcriptase Integrase

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QC BIOL 009 - Study Guide

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