OSU PSY 370 - Quiz Questions Ch8-15

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Quiz Questions Ch8-15Chapter 8: 1. Erikson, believed that ego identity is shaped by past, present, and future events.2. Erikson, unlike Jung and Adler, never repudiated Freud's ideas.3. Industry versus inferiority is Erikson's psychosocial crisis of the school age.4. According to Erikson, true intimacy can only be achieved after identity is established5. According to Erikson, an identity crisis may increase or decrease ego strength6. Erikson's life was marked by several identity crises7. According to Erikson, the foundation for "cooperative participation in productive adult life" is competence8. Erikson claimed that procreativity encompasses all of these are correct9. The discipline that combines psychoanalytic concepts with historical method is psychohistory10. Erikson's theory rates high on internal consistency, and moderate to low on parsimony and falsifiability.11. For Erikson, integrity involves feeling whole and coherent 12. The psychosocial crisis of young adulthood, according to Erikson, is intimacy versus isolation13. Erikson believed that sexual latency is important because it permits focus on learning and social relations.14. Erikson's core pathology of old age is disdain15. Which of the following is NOT an aspect of the ego, according to Erikson? Social ego 16. The antithesis of Erikson's generativity is stagnation 17. Self-control and interpersonal control are the tasks of the early childhood stage of psychosocial development, according to Erikson18. The ability to fuse one's identity with that of another without fear of losing it characterizes what Erikson called intimacy19. The belief of many Nazis that Germans represented the "master race" illustrates Erikson's concept of identity crisis. 20. According to Erikson, an identity crisis may increase or decrease ego strength.21. A person's capacity to unify experiences and actions in an adaptive manner defines Erikson's EGO22. The "informed and detached concern with life itself in the face of death itself" is how Erikson defined Wisdom23. Erikson claimed that a child who learns to do a job well during the school age will develop a sense of industry24. Freud's phallic stage of psychosexual development parallelsErikson's play age stage25. Erikson contended that an elderly person's delight in a variety of different physical sensations reflects generalized sensuality26. For Erikson, puberty is psychologically important because it triggers expectations of future adult roles27. Erikson believed that some degree of role repudiation is necessary for all of these28. A feeling of not being certain and that something remains hidden characterizes Erikson's notion of doubtChapter 9: 1. According to Maslow, the humor of self-actualizers is intrinsic to the situation.2. For Maslow, the peak experience may occur at unexpected, ordinary moments3. Maslow believed that self-actualizers None of the above is correct4. In general, studies using the POI and the Short Index of the POI have found that self-actualizing people usually resist or reject socially desirable cultural standards5. Maslow claimed that when people who have satisfied their esteem needs are criticized or deprecated by others they retain their sense of self worth6. Maslow found that self-actualizers were characterized by limited but intense close friendships7. Maslow hypothesized that the order of needs may be reversed in certain cases.8. Martyrs who sacrifice physical needs and personal safety fortheir beliefs, and heroes who risk their lives to save others illustrate Maslow's notion of reversed order of needs.9. Which of the following is NOT an assumption underlying Maslow's theory of motivation? People in different cultures have different basic needs.10. Maslow contended that scientists should resacralize science.11. According to Maslow, a person surrounded by beauty and order would ordinarily satisfy aesthetic needs.12. Maslow believed that metapathology results from deprivation of self-actualization needs.13. For Maslow, coping behavior is usually All of the above14. Metamotivation, according to Maslow, differentiates self-actualizers from non-self-actualizers.15. Maslow's methods of investigation and approach to studyingself-actualizing people are subject to severe criticism.16. Maslow believed that most behavior has several causes.17. Maslow believed that esteem and self-actualization needs All of the above are correct18. According to Maslow, instinctoid needs Only a and c are correct.19. According to Maslow, neurotic needs cannot be fully satiated20. Maslow was one of the first theorists to emphasize self-actualization 21. Maslow held that a self-actualizing person is likely to feel comfortable when alone.22. According to Maslow, self-actualizing people are characterized by spontaneity, simplicity, and naturalness.23. Maslow said that when cognitive needs are not satisfied, a person will become pathological24. Maslow contended that people who have never received love may eventually devalue it25. Maslow claimed that love and belongingness needs are strongest in people who have partially experienced love andbelongingness.26. According to Maslow, expressive behavior is usually unlearned, spontaneous, and determined by forces within the person rather than by the environment.27. If deprivation of a need leads to pathology, then Maslow would say that this need is instinctoid28. If Maslow is one of the fathers of the third force in psychology, then the first two forces are behaviorism and psychoanalysis29. The term positive psychology refers to the rejection of traditional psychology that has resulted in a model ofhumanity as lacking the potential to move beyond pathologyChapter 10: 1. In a state of disorganization, people's behavior may be consistent with their shattered self-concept2. Rogers stated that therapists will be more effective if they communicate all genuine feelings to the client3. Which of these is NOT characteristic of Rogers's "person of tomorrow"? trust in other individuals 4. Rogers said that evaluations of a person by others tend to distort the person's self-concept5. Which term is LEAST appropriate as applied to Carl Rogers? Philosopher 6. Rogers believed that people's positive self-regard can exist independently of other people's attitudes toward them.7. When a person becomes vaguely aware that the discrepancy between experience and self may become conscious, Rogers said that he or she will develop a feeling of anxiety8. Rogers claimed that

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OSU PSY 370 - Quiz Questions Ch8-15

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