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Buying and Sellingtwo syllabi on elms18th CENTURY -Native Americans available to trade with-By 18th century, Native Americans were so much like the colonists, due to the trade-women had to give up their valuables-women home spinning (making things in loo of britain’s items)-colonists were dependent on britan so they began to tax them-colonists mad about importation taxes because they’re british too-founding fathers just mad they weren’t getting good things from britian (not just mad b/c of the independence)-colonies weren’t producing anything -colonists gave up everything that were taxed by Britain -right after the revolution, colonists need to start producing on their own19TH CENTURY (Market revolution, American system, free produce, non-intercourse/rebel consumerism)-from consumers to producersEarly 19th Century Americans-mostly rural-not as much stuff per person (few clothing or little items like silverware)-could buy simple things in country/general stores-not as much cash used (either make a tab or exchange w/ other goods)-Market Revolution: 1800-1860-internal improvements and innovations-transportation, communication, maunufacturing/production-canals and steamboats were used (important was Erie Canal)-railroads were invented-telegraph invented -interchangable parts to make products (you could hire unskilled parts and its faster so that -American System (interchangeable parts)-Mills and factoriesimpact…-home goods cheaper-uniformity of goods nationwide-people can get luxury items cheaper and more easily-people start using cash more-people relying on eachother across the country more-pedlers: middle men who went between urban and rural areas to bring goods back and forth (bad rap for salesmen)-Medicine men: like pedelers who would entertain the people and tell them that their products to fix many ailments (sweenytodd) (bad reputation as well)-sometimes had freak-shows to gain more money (circus like)Antebellum North:-wider variety of goods and work in the north-wage labor: Set price with set amount of time…factories that don’t need skilled labors Antebellum South:-cotton Jen?:able to produce cotton much more easily (cotton textiles)-King Cotton: severe increase of cotton production and wealth-slaves (not wage labor) (most valuable property in south)-owning slaves could change your social class higher-likely slave: physically fit, young, and well tempered Free produce movement -tried to boycott slavery by having products not made by slaves -failed due to verifying goods as not made by slaves and trying to change peoples thoughts Non-intercourse Consumerism-boycotting northern goods and promotion south industry and home manufactureImpact of the 19th century boycotts…-laid the groundwork for future consumer activism-different form 18th cen. Boycotts (nonimportation, homespun) because they acknowledged the need for consumer goods and advocated for alternative purchases--- “buycotts” instead of simply boycotting goods.-Argued that it was CONSUMERS, not merchants or producers, that had the real power and responsibility to change/impact the economy. The Civil WarNorthern Homefront -Large Population, extensive transportation networks and booming industry by the Civil War-able to equip and transport its soldiers and provide for its citizens on the homefront-FINISHSanitary Fair-women organized them to have marketers sell their products and make some profitfor their soldiersSouthern Homefront-depended largely on Northern goods-Lacking adequate industry , transportation networks, and military equipment -smaller population than north-“crisis of consumerism”-Confederate Homespun: women making their own clothes and items -women eventually gave up because they were suffering and starving to death2/5INDUSTRIALIZATION, THE GILDED AGE AND CONSUMERISMConspicuous ConsumptionGilded age: rich become richer and the poor become poorer (huge class differential)-factories are able to start coming into the cities due to the presence of electricity-Businesses are getting bigger -horizontal integration (buying out your competitors) (fewer choices)-vertical integration (control everything from production to consumption)-Animal’s whole bodies are used for consumption-consumers spend less on their products -producers make more money because of the more product potential -Population in cities growing at rapid rates and are crowded into tenements -mostly immigrant neighborhoods -unfulfilling jobs but consumption in the cities made satisfaction -wanted to consume to create a new identity (wear American clothes and seem American) -Rich families showed their power by how they displayed their wealth (CONSPICUOUS CONSUMPTION)-buying things to make sure others know and see it -New Port Rhode Island was a major area for extravagant summer houses -worry of narcissism***discussionmarket revolution: everyone working on their own farms to canals and railroads and shops with 20 workers industrial revolution : market revolution on heroine Slavery in south: -sellers would make the slaves seem better to sell-they categorized them to de-humanize them and make them comparable nation-wide-slaves can boost your status, can move with you, earn you money, but they have feelings that can backfire on the buyer -slaves could act bad or good when sold, depending on what they wanted to be seen-peddlers: bad reputations, bringing items to rural areas from cities, mainly Jewish immigrants 2/10/14The Progressives and Consumer ProtectionProgressives tried to respond to the effects of industrial revolution (want things to be safer for workers and consumers)Consumer movement 1900-1915-major progressive tactics: regulation of industry, consumer protection laws, and organizing positive buying campaigns to help businesses with good records on worker safety and product safety -Upton Sinclair: wrote the Jungle (shows how the meat is produced and the workers)-meat inspection Act1906: for slaughtered beef and the safety of the consumers and the food that they’re eating -big businesses liked this because they could afford the regulation changes-pure food and drug act1906: if your product makes someone sick, then you can no longer manufacture it, and the labels must be truthful on products or be fined-Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire: hundreds of women died when locked in factory when fire starts -National Consumers League: movement by progressives to buy products only madefrom safe conditions -White label is given

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UMD HIST 289R - Lecture notes

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