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LGBT200 Final Study Guide “Perfect Peace”o Themes: Gender stereotypes pg. 45 Wanting love Domestic abuse/violence Seeking approval from men pg. 90 Biblical references How parents shape our identity Deception/lying- Emma Jean and Henrietta Queerness Emotional cleansingo Questions:  Eva Mae/Perfect Paul relationship Punishment, reliance on stereotypes, “sissy” as a form of discipline Gus and masculinity- Lack of violence Gus repressive of himself and others- Biblical- Concerned about surroundings and community- Queer character Emma Jean—selfish Bartimaeus is first to notice genitalia Sugar Baby: honest, foresight- Walter Lee Fletcher Jr.o Connections: Compulsory heterosexuality Cisgender “Come Out and Win” by Sue Hydeo Why come out? What does Hyde have to contribute to our discussion about coming out?- Resolves internal/external conflicts- Enables you to participate in activism- Coming our builds allies- Creates external/resolves inner—lesser of two evils? Challenges?- Getting fired, discharged from the military- Gender conformity issues Central tension: visibility- Coming out is not just the personal process- It should not end with the personal- It should be connected to the political Central tension: Politics- Which gays are visible and which gays do not get to be?- Adding a “pretty face”- Drag queen, tutu, couple unito Organizations and political change What role does Hyde argue organizations play and have played in creating political and social change?- Organizations with collective work and good leaders promote change- Outreach programs- The power of organizations to bring experiences of other together- Radically change homophobia at a structural levelo Ideology, reform, strategy What role do GSAs play in K-12 education environments?- Make it easier to find other LGBT—social purpose- Activism—day of silence, ask my story day Challenges with political organizations?- If people in charge don’t support, it cannot go anywhere ~ adult leaders in high schools- Trouble finding regular participantso Significant political struggles Criminality of LGBT sexuality and the fight against sodomy laws- What kinds of strategies were used to change these laws?o Bowers v. Hardwicko Lawrence v. Texas “Come Out and Win” Pt. 2o How do these two chapters build upon the tensions we identified last class? Visibility- Seen as molestors- Political, executive order- Call for gay leaders Politics (reform v. radical)- Certain people can be seen Sex and gender- Lesbians=problem w/lesbians- Sex=sexy time “A Gender Not Listed Here” o Interpreting findings from the National Transgender DiscriminationSurveyo Method How do we ask people to self-identify on a survey? How can we ask about gender beyond the binary?o What possibilities for queer performance of gender does this article highlight?o What does this article tell us about the experiences of trans and gender nonconforming people? Inventing Sin by Gross and Woodso How did the “sex negativity” develop in Judaic and Christian text? Sex is for reproduction, lesbianism isn’t frowned upon because no “spilling of seed” ~ sperm Christian texts praised Jesus’ celibacy only way to no be sinful Bottom of pg. 120, sins against nature- Masturbation- Not having sex in missionary position Protestants?- Open options, priest celibacy- Protecting one’s cultureo How and when did the “sins against nature” shift into “crimes against nature?” Where have we seen this before?- Before Stonewall, criminalization of prostitution- Daughters of Bilitis, homosexuals linked to pedophilia- Executive Order, gay=fired from the governmento What were some early alliances b/w churches and LGBT? Quakers Some religions allowing gay/lesbian leaders *Council on Religion and Homosexual 1965*o What was dignity? Creating a space for gay and lesbian Catholics Challenging and following church teachingso Rev. Troy Perry—founded Metropolitan Community Church How did Catholic Church respond?- Declaration of response to free love, hippie culture—1975- Acknowledged existence of gays- 1986—Cardinal Ratzingero Pastoral care of homosexual persons Homophobia, Violence and Bullyingo What is happening “on the ground?” GLSEN 2011 school climate survey National Transgender Discrimination Surveyo “Homophobia: A Weapon of Sexism” What is Pharr’s thesis?- Homophobia works effectively as a weapon of sexism because it is joined with heterosexism- Heterosexism creates the climate for homophobia with its assumption that the world is and must be heterosexual and its display of power and privilege as the norm- Heterosexism is the systemic display of homophobia in the institutions of society- Work together to enforce compulsory heterosexuality and that base of patriarchal power What supporting examples does she pull in as evidence for her argument?- Fundamentalist ministers focusing on abortion and homosexualityo Bombing of women’s clinics, deprogramming forhomosexuals and establishing camps to quarantine AIDS patients- Puberty and forced heterosexuality: faggot/queer/perverto Girls conforming to societal depictions, grades drop, rely on men for economic survival- “The word lesbian is still fully charged and carries withit the full threat of loss of power and privilege, the threat of being cut asunder, abandoned, and left outside society’s protection”o A lesbian is perceived as someone who can live without a man and who is therefore against men Outside the acceptable, no societal institutions to protect her and who is not privileged to the protection of individual maleso Gay men are also seen as a threat to male dominance and control Seen as traitors  Associated with affectionate openness, not“real men” Fear that their sexual identity and behavior will bring down the entire systemof male dominance and compulsory heterosexuality- Lesbian Baiting- is an attempt to control women by labeling us as lesbians because our behavior is not acceptable—i.e. when we are independent. What can we take from her essay in connection with the GLSEN and NTDS reports?o “For the Straight Kids Who Don’t Act Straight” What is the central argument?- Participants who were gender nonconforming as children report elevated rates of “childhood sexual, physical and psychological abuse”-

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UMD LGBT 200 - Final Study Guide

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