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3 April 2014Post-Modern DanceLet’s Review Modern Dance- Individual movement vocabulary- Rejection of ballet aesthetic- Barefoot- Groundedness- Showing effort- Emotional and psychological states- Use of abstraction- Search for an organizing principle of movement- Comment on society- Wanted to legitimize- Create own artistic voiceMerce Cunningham (1919-2009)- Studied with Horton & Graham- Graham soloist for 5 yearsCunningham’s Contributions- Beliefso Rejected the use of stage spaceo Rejected that dancers and movement always had to be done toward the audienceo Rejected that important things don’t have to happen in the center of the stageo Created his own movement vocabulary: The Cunningham Technique Quick, angular movements- Philosophyo Everything could coexist in a performance (movement, set, and music)- Choreographic Methodo Indeterminacy: different elements in a work can change from performance to performanceo Chance: things arbitrarily and randomly changed or were arranged (ex. by rolling a dice or flipping a coin) A condition of life- Launched post-modernism in dance- New technique = positional exactness + mobile spine- Technology + dance - DanceForms (began as Life Forms)- Merce Cunningham Dance CompanyJohn Cage- Began composing music in the 1930s3 April 2014- Created music from sounds, not just instruments (used ordinary objects)- Interested in removing creative choice- Music without a beginning, middle, and end- More interested in the process of creating music than the product- 4:33Points in Space- Choreography: Merce Cunningham, 1985- Music: John Cage- Dancers: Members of the MCDCWhat techniques or styles does Cunningham use in his work? Focus not only in the centerWhat is the relationship between the performers? Individual partnershipWhat is the relationship between the music and the dance? No relationship, completely differentPostmodernism- What is happening in American culture in the 1960s and 70s?o Vietnamo Civil Rights Movemento Feminismo Visual Artso Andy WarholPostmodern Dance in America- Judson Dance Theater- Trained dancers, untrained visual artists, poets, musicians, and even filmmakers- Community of artists, all with equal say about what was going to be done- As a group, explored the different methods of choreographyCharacteristics of Postmodern Dance- Rejected notion of art as different from everyday life- Anyone can dance- Found movement (pedestrian movement: walking, jumping, skipping, galloping, etc.)- Dance can happen anywhere- Costumes could be everyday clothing (a lot of times in sneakers, not just bare feet)- ImprovisationSteve Paxton- Began Contact improvisation- Based on:o 6 principles3 April 2014o How gravity and balance can be usedo “The floor is your friend”o Surviving in a dance momento Openness to anything at any momento Breaking boundaries- Former lead dancer for the Cunningham Dance Company- Simplified movement to basic actions- Nudity as a choreographic elementYvonne Rainer- A member of the Judson Dance Theater- Trio Ao Based off of ordinary movements and actionsTrisha Brown- Early work focused on improvisation- Use of human figures within large environments of structures- Set and ResetTrisha Brown Group- Standing on the roofs of buildings relaying movement to each other- Walking on the walls of the Whitney Museum of Art- Theatrical works using all the resources of the

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