HCC MUSI 150 - Exam Study Guide: Romanticism

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Exam Study Guide: RomanticismPrelude 5 and Chps. 27,28,29,30,31Classical (Prelude 5)--1790-1930--the French Revolution fostered the rise of a middle class or also known as bourgeois society-- romantic poets and artists turned to passionate subjects--the Industrial Revolution spurred many technical advances in musical instruments, for examplemaking them more flexible and cheaper-- the orchestra grew in size and sound when new and improved introduced--women musicians excelled as performers , teachers, composers and music patrons--educational opportunities opened as music conservatories appeared across Europe and the AmericasGenres--Four large scale forms lied, symphonic poem, aria, and endless melody. Compare/ contrast.Compositions/Composers--know all selections and composers listed on the Listening handout.Listening--be able to identify when specific events occur in the music--recognize meters used in selections--recognize forms (binary, ternary)Terms--Prelude 5: Romanticism, individualism, exoticism, folklore, orchestration, French Revolution --Chapter 27: strophic form, through-composed form, modified strophic form, song cycles, lied--Chapter 28: mazurka, rubato--Chapter 29: shape-note notation--Chapter 30: program music, absolute music, concert overture, incidental music, program symphony, symphonic poem, idee fixe, thematic transformation, dies irae, the fourth movement,--Chapter 31: opera seria, opera buffa, bel canto, singspiel, music drama, leitmotifsFranz Schubert (1797-1828)--born outside Vienna and educated at the Imperial Chapel--he served as one of the famous Vienna Choir Boys--his family hoped he would pursue a career in teaching but he fell in a small group of writers, artists who organized a series of concerts called Schubertiads. --he wrote his famous “Elfking” song while he was a teenager--he had trouble finding a publisher for his later works and he was usually pressed for money--he was diagnose with an early stage of syphilis --his dying wish was to be buried near his role model Beethoven and it was grantedBedrich Smetana (1824-1884)--born in a small village in eastern Bohemia --during his teens years he was sent to school in Prague where he discovered his love for music--later on his music career he wrote operas for the National Theater where they were performed in his native tongue.--his most famous music piece his known for is My Country a cycle of 6 symphonic poems which this piece took him from 1874-1879.--his health was jeopardized by syphilis and he gradually became deaf Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901)--born in a small town in northern Italy--had commissions to write operas for Milan’s La Scala opera house--he had lost his daughter, baby son and his wife at an early stage of his life, which caused him tostop writing music for a couple of months --he identified himself with Italy’s cause of becoming liberated from Austrian Hapsburg rule--he wrote 28 operas--his favorite literary was Shakespeare Richard Wagner (1813-1883)--was born in Leipzig, Germany--at the age of 27 he abandoned his studies at the University of Leipzig and instead he gained 6 years of conducting in provincial theaters--married at the age of 23 and started writing operas --he took an important step by shifting his focus from the drama of historical intrigue to better honor folk legend--he glorified the German people and the land--when the revolution broke out he was sympathetic to the soldiers but when the revolt failed he fled to Switzerland--he developed the music drama concept --he found a woman my the name of Cosima and who left her husband plus children in order to be with Wagner--he was buried at

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HCC MUSI 150 - Exam Study Guide: Romanticism

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