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A means of communication and a means of structuring thoughtSpeakers encode meanings into sounds or gesturesWe accomplish a lot through languageLinguistics is the scientific study of language. It seeks to answer:What do you know when you know a languageOur linguistic knowledge is largely unconsciousLanguage utilize a finite set of building blocks and rulesYou know them without even thinking about themUnconscious and untaught linguistic rules supports the idea that you are predisposed to speaking a language.You know the inventory of speech sounds in your languageYou know the sound patterns in your languagei.e. which sound sequences are possibleyou know things about words of your languagestored in your lexicon- mental dictionaryyou can retrieve words from the lexicon and build other wordsmorphologyyou know there are constraints on how words can be builtyou know how to form sentencessyntaxturning declarative sentences into interrogative sentences taps into unconscious syntactic knowledgeyou know how to assign meaning to a sentencesemanticslinguistic competence vs. linguistic performanceability to make an infinite sentenceperformance has human constraintdescriptive grammarlinguists description or model of mental grammar underlying a language as it is actually used.Prescriptive grammarRules of proper/prestigious grammar usage (often based on Latin)What is language? 01/27/2014A means of communication and a means of structuring thought- Speakers encode meanings into sounds or gesturesWe accomplish a lot through languageLinguistics is the scientific study of language. It seeks to answer:- What do you know when you know a languageOur linguistic knowledge is largely unconscious- Language utilize a finite set of building blocks and rules- You know them without even thinking about them- Unconscious and untaught linguistic rules supports the idea that you are predisposed to speaking a language.You know the inventory of speech sounds in your languageYou know the sound patterns in your language- i.e. which sound sequences are possibleyou know things about words of your language- stored in your lexicon- mental dictionaryyou can retrieve words from the lexicon and build other words- morphology- you know there are constraints on how words can be builtyou know how to form sentences- syntaxturning declarative sentences into interrogative sentences taps into unconscious syntactic knowledgeyou know how to assign meaning to a sentencesemanticslinguistic competence vs. linguistic performance- ability to make an infinite sentence- performance has human constraintdescriptive grammar- linguists description or model of mental grammar underlying a language as it is actually used.Prescriptive grammar- Rules of proper/prestigious grammar usage (often based on


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KU LING 110 - Lecture notes

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