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5/2/2014 PSYC 2101 Notes - Microsoft OneNote Web Apphttps://onedrive.live.com/edit.aspx?resid=7AF35F2B369F2BE4!1552&cid=7af35f2b369f2be4&app=OneNote&wdo=2 1/2Personality, Temperament, and their Stress‐Related Consequences Those with very reactive and aggressive personalities and temperamentshave higher stress responses than those who go with the flow and arenice to those around them. In contrast, those who see everything as a potential threat and avoid it,also have higher stress responses than those with good coping skills. Individual styles of coping with social stress are critical. Baboon Studies Individuals who respond to every social situation with over reactionhave the highest cardiovascular risk. Baboons who cannot tell the difference between winning or losing havethe highest cardiovascular risk. Males who coped best, had the highest levels of social control,predictability, and outlets for frustration. Baboons who make friends easily also have the lowest levels of stresshormones. " high reactors" ones who react to every stimulus with a high stressresponse. The Human Realm: A cautionary note Trying to figure out what the reason is for certain things, such asrepeated miscarriages is hard because looking into the past afterrepeated abortions skews the results. Psychiatric Disorders and Abnormal Stress‐Responses Those with depression and anxiety have stress responses that aremarkedly different from normal. Anxiety Disorders Rooted in cognitive distortion in which a sense of dread and forebodingis always present. Unlike depressed people, they try to cope with stressors, but seestressors everywhere and perpetually. In psychiatric disorders, catecholamines mediate the response to astressor, and an abundance of glucocorticoids is a signal on giving up theattempt to cope. The Biology of Anxiety Implicit learning, where a certain autonomic response in your body hasbeen conditioned. The amygdala gets information from the autonomous nervous systembefore the rest of the brain. Amygdala is very sensitive to glucocorticoid signals. Type A Key factor in this personality is hostility. hostility is a significant predictor of cardiovascular issues, and moreCh. 15 Notes Saturday, February 08, 2014 11:41 PM 5/2/2014 PSYC 2101 Notes - Microsoft OneNote Web Apphttps://onedrive.live.com/edit.aspx?resid=7AF35F2B369F2BE4!1552&cid=7af35f2b369f2be4&app=OneNote&wdo=2 2/2recently linked to mortality in all diseases. Key factor in heart disease for Type A was not only hostility, but thetendency not to express it when angry. Reducing hostility through therapy reduces the risk for heart disease Repressors People who repress their emotions have high levels of stress hormoesn,but they have very rigid views about soiceyt and are very black andwhite in their thinking It takes a lot of stress to build a world without stressors.


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UGA PSYC 2101 - Chapter 15

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