Unformatted text preview:

Obesity:-disease, risk factor-adds to economic cost-epidemic among kids-overweight/obese as kid, will not lose weight as an adult-70% of adult population overweight/obese-17%-19% under the age of 19 overweight/obesePast: 60% overweight/obese Present: 70% overweight/obese-40% OW -32% OW-20% OB -38% OBbmi (body mass index): ratio of height to weight-not the most accurate-can have a high “unhealthy” bmi but have low fat percentage due to extreme musclemass, this would still be a healthy person, not obese/overweightnormal bmi: 18-24.9overweight bmi: 25-29.9obese bmi: 30 or higherextremely obese bmi: 35 or higher-other factors also are considered when determining bmi-waist measurement (for overweight):-female: 30 in. or more-male: 35 in. or more-family history, genetics, ect. are also consideredChapter One: Nutrition: Everyday Choices-science of foods and nutrients and how they effect health and relate to disease-incorporates many other sciences-evidence based science-uses scientific methodNutrients: 6 categories-provide energy, structure and regulate body processes-protein, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins, minerals, water-protein, carbs, and fats are macronutrients (provide energy, also know as calories)-calories are the body’s fuel-vitamins, minerals, and water are micronutrientsessential nutrients: must be consumed, body does not producenon-essential nutrients: not essential to consume, produced by bodynutrient density: the most amount of nutrients with the least amount of calorieshigh nutrient density: high nutrient per calorieex: vegetables, fruits, whole-grainslow nutrient density: low nutrient per calorieex: cake, sugary drinks, French friessoda: 120 calories (sugar goes to carbs)-Is drinking soda the most “bang for your buck” (in terms of energy/nutrients) for consuming 120 calories?-How many are you drinking per day?-empty calories: calories where you do not gain substantial energy/nutrients from-you get nothing backex: sugar, alcoholbroccoli: “more bang for buck”, protein, carb, fiber, potassium, folic acid, vit. C, vit. Acaloric density: -more/less volume of food for different types of calorie density-veg./fruits are low caloric density food, you can eat more for same caloric value-oil is a high caloric density food, you have to eat less for the same caloric valuefortified foods: deliberately have 1 or more added nutrients-FDA requires fortification/enrichment in some foods to prevent diseasephytochemicals: in foods from plantszoochemicals: in foods from animals-substances in foods with positive biological benefits-pigments in fruits/vegetables are where phytochemicals are-most antioxidants (protect cells)functional foods: provide benefits that go beyond their normal health qualitiesex: broccoli prevents cancer (phytonutrients)-functional foods MAY BE fortified foods but NOT ALL fortified foods are functional foods-sugar is addictive due to blood glucose response (high up and down, sugar high andcrash)-complex carbs, sugar gradually goes up and gradually comes down; “fuller longer”ex: oatmealdesigner foods/nutracenticals: functional foods with added nutrientsex: water with vitamins-vitamin A, E, D, and K are fat soluble (fat must be consumed with for vitamin to be absorbed)-vitamin C and B are water solubleCarbohydrates: cereals and grainsFats: bacon, eggs, butterProtein:-animal protein: high in saturated fat-complete protein: all amino acids-vegetable protein: rich in fiber and unsaturated fat, no cholesterol-incomplete protein (1 or more amino acids are missing)-ex: rice and beans combined have all amino acids (combined are a complete protein)nutrient functions: -provide energy (calories)-building blocks for structures (bones, hair, ect.)-regulate body processes (temp, pressure, ect.)Calorie: measure of energyProtein: 4 cal/gramCarb: 4 cal/gramFat: 9 cal/gramAlcohol: 7 cal/gramMalnutrition:Overnutrition: too much of a nutrient or nutrients or caloriesUndernutrition: too little of a nutrient or nutrients or


View Full Document

UCONNStam NUSC 1165 - Obesity

Documents in this Course
Load more
Download Obesity
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Obesity and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Obesity 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?