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Psych 212H Quiz 31. adolescentegocentrismheightened self-consciousness ofadolescents that is reflected in theirbelief that others are as interested inthem as they are in themselves and intheir sense of personal uniqueness andinvincibility2. anger cry more excess air is forced through vocalchords3. attachment close emotional bond between twopeople4. authoritarianparentingrestrictive punitive style where parentsexhort the child to follow their directionsand respect work and effort. firm limitsand controls on the child and allowslittle verbal exchange. associated withchildren's social incompetence5. authoritativeparentingencourage children to be independentbut place limits and controls on actions.extensive verbal give and take is allowedand parents are warm and nurturanttoward the child. associated with socialcompetence6. autonomousmorality10 years and older. Second stage ofmoral development--aware that rulesand laws are created by people andconsider the actor's intentions as well asconsequences7. basic cry rhythmic pattern that consists of of a cryfollowed by silence then shorterinspiratory whistle that is somewhathigher in pitch than the main cry thenanother brief rest before next cry.Hunger.8. Bowlbyconceptualizationof attachment1 birth to 2m = direct attachment tohuman figures2 2m to 7m = focused on one figuredwhich is usually primary caregiver3 7m to 2y = specific attachmentsdevelop4 2y+ = children are aware of other'sfeelings goals and plans and take theseinto account in forming their ownactions9. brainstorming technique in which individuals areencouraged to come up with creativeideas in a group10. conscience internal regulation of standards of rightand wrong that involves an integrationof all three components of moraldevelopment--thought, feeling, behavior11. constructive play combines sensorimotor/practice playwith symbolic representation12. convergentthinkingproduces one correct answer and ischaracteristic of the kind of thinking tested bystandardized intelligence tests13. creativethinkingthink in novel and unusual ways14. criticalthinkingability to think reflectively and productively aswell as evaluate evidence15. cultural-familialretardationno evidence of organic but IQ is between 50-7016. culture-fairteststests of intelligence that are designed to be freeof cultural bias17. difficultchildnegatively and cries frequently, irregular routineand slow to accept change18. divergentthinkingthinking that produces many different answersto the same question and is characteristic ofcreativity19. dualprocessmodelstates that decision making is influenced by twosystems--analytical and experiential--competewith each other. experiential system benefitsadolescent decision making.20. easy child positive mood, regular routine, adapts easily21. elaboration important strategy that involves engaging inmore extensive processing of information22. emotion feeling or affect that occurs when a person is ina state or interaction that is important tohim/her. positive or negative23. extrinsicmotivationinvolves external incentives such as rewardsand punishments24. face to faceplay2-3 months until 7 months when infants aremore mobile25. fuzzy tracetheorymemory is best understood by considering twotypes of memory representations verbatim andgist26. games activities engaged in for pleasure that includerules and competition27. genderidentitysense of one's own gender including knowledgeunderstanding and acceptance28. genderrolessets of expectations that prescribe how femalesor males should think, act, and feel29. genderschematheorygender typing emerges as children graduallydevelop gender schemas of what is appropriate30. gendertypingrefers to acquisition of a traditional masculineor feminine role31. gifted having an above average IQ (over 130) andsuperior talent for somethingPsych 212H Quiz 3Study online at quizlet.com/_o0sng32. goodness of fit match of child's temperament and theenvironmental demands the child must copewith33. helplessorientationorientation in which one seems trapped bythe experience of difficulty and attributesone's difficulty to lack of ability34. heritability fraction of variance that is attributed togenetics and is computed using correlationaltechniques35. heteronomousmorality4-7 years old. First stage of moraldevelopment--think of justice and rules asunchangeable properties of the world,removed from the control of people36. hypothetical-deductivereasoningpiaget's formal operational concept thatadolescents have the cognitive ability todevelop hypotheses or best guesses aboutways to solve problems37. imaginaryaudiencerefers to adolescents belief that others are asinterested in them as they themselves are aswell as their attention getting behaviormotivated by a desire to be noticed visibleand on stage38. immanentjusticeif a rule is broken punishment follows rightafter39. individualdifferencesstable consistent ways in which people differfrom each other40. indulgentparentinghighly involved with their children but placefew demands or controls on them.associated with incompetence and lack ofself control41. insecureavoidantbabiesshow insecurity by avoiding motherengage in little interactionno distress when caregiver leavesdo not reestablish contact on return42. insecuredisorganizedbabiesdisorganized and disorienteddazed/confused/fearful, show patterns ofavoidance or display certain behaviors43. insecureresistantbabiescling to caregiver and resist her by fightingclosenesscling anxiouslycry loudlypush away on return44. intelligence problem solving skills and the ability tolearn from and adapt to the experience ofeveryday life45. intelligencequotientpersons mental age divided by chronologicalage multiplied by 10046. intrinsicmotivationinvolves internal factors such asdetermination, curiosity, challenge, effort47. long termmemoryrelatively permanent type of memory thatholds huge amounts of information for along period of time48. masterymotivationorientation that focuses on tasks learningstrategies and the achievement processrather than innate ability49. mental age binet's measure of an individuals level ofmental development compared with that ofothers50. mentalretardationcondition of limited mental ability in whichIQ is below 7051. metacognition cognition about cognition52. metalinguisticawarenessknowledge about language or being able todiscuss sounds of a language53. mindfulness being alert, mentally present and cognitivelyflexible while going through lifes everydaytasks54. mindset cognitive

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