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Psych 212H Quiz 21. accommodation Piagetian concept of adjusting schemes tofit new information and experiences2. affordances opportunities for interaction offered byobjects that fit within our capabilities toperform functional activities3. animism belief that inanimate objects have lifelikequalities and are capable of action4. aphasia loss or impairment of language processingcaused by braindamage5. assimilation Piagetian concept involving incorporationof new information into existing schemes6. attention focusing of mental resources on selectinformation7. Bayley scales ofinfantdevelopmentscales that are widely used in assessinginfant development; current edition hasfive components: cognitive, language,motor, socioemotional, adaptive8. Broca's area brain's left frontal lobe involved in speechproduction9. centration the focusing of attention on onecharacteristic to the exclusion of all others10. cephalocaudalpatternsequence in which earliest growth alwaysoccurs at the top, with physical growthand differentiation of features graduallyworking their way down11. cerebral cortex covers forebrain; includes twohemispheres12. child-directedspeechlanguage spoken in a higher pitch thannormal with simple words and sentences13. concepts cognitive groupings of similar objects,events, people, or ideas14. conservation concept that an objects or substances basicproperties stay the same even thoughappearance has been altered15. coordination ofsecondarycircularreactionsfourth sensorimotor substage developsbetween 8-12 moths. actions become moreoutwardly directed and infants coordinateschemes and act with intentionality16. core knowledgeapproachview that infants are born with domain-specific innate knowledge systems17. deferredimitationimitation that occurs after a delay of hoursor days18. Denverdevelopmentalscreening test IItest used to diagnose developmental delayin children from birth-6 years; includesseparate assessments of gross and finemotor skills, language, and personal-social ability19. design stage Kellogg's term for 3-4 year olds drawingsthat mix two basic shapes into morecomplex designs20. developmentalquotient (DQ)overall score that combines subscores inmotor, language, adaptive, and personal-social domains in the Gesell assessments ofinfants21. dishabituation recovery of habituated response after changein stimulation22. dynamicsystems theoryperspective on motor development that seeksto explain how motor skills are assembledfor perceiving and acting23. ecological view perception functions to bring organizms incontact with the environment and toincrease adaptation24. egocentrism concept that describes the inability todistinguish between one's own perspectiveand someone else's perspective25. equilibration a mechanism that Piaget proposed toexplain how children shift from one stage ofthought to the next26. executiveattentioninvolves action planning allocatingattention to goals, error detection andcompensation, monitoring progress ontasks and dealing with novel or difficultcircumstances27. executivefunctioningumbrella like concept that consists of anumber of higher level cognitive processeslinked to the development of the brain'sprefrontal cortex. executive functioninginvolves managing one's thoughts toengage in goal-directed behavior and selfcontrol.28. explicitmemoryconscious memory of facts and experience29. fine motorskillsmotor skills that involve finely tunedmovements such as finger dexterity30. first habitsand primarycircularreactionssecond sensorimotor substage, whichdevelops between 1 and 4 months of age. Inthis substage, the infant coordinatessensation and two types of schemes: habitsand primary circular reactions.31. forebrain includes cerebral cortex and several otherstructures32. frontal lobe movement, thinking, personality, emotion,memory, attention, intentionality or purpose33. grasping reflex neonatal reflex that occurs when somethingtouches infant's palms. infant response bygrasping tightlyPsych 212H Quiz 2Study online at quizlet.com/_ljqx034. gross motorskillsmotor skills that involve large-muscleactivities35. growthhormonedeficiencyabsence or deficiency of growth hormoneproduced by pituitary gland to stimulatebody growth36. habituation decreased responsiveness to a stimulus afterafter repeated representations of thestimulus37. implicitmemorymemory without conscious recollection;involves skills and routine procedures thatare automatically performed38. infinitegenerativityability to produce an endless number ofmeaningful sentences using a finite set ofwords and rules39. intermodalperceptionability to relate and integrate informationfrom two or more sensory modalities suchas vision and hearing40. internalizationof schemessixth and final sensorimotor substage from18-24 months. infant develops ability to useprimitive symbols41. intuitivethoughtsubstagesecond substage of preoperational thoughtwhere children begin to use primitivereasoning and want to know the answers toall sorts of questions (4-7 years of age)42. joint attention occurs when individuals focus on sameobject or event and are able to track eachother's behavior; one individual directsanother's attention and reciprocalinteraction is present43. kwashiorkor severe protein deficiency appears between 1-3; causes abdomen and feet to swell withwater; vital organs to collect nutrients thatare present and deprive other parts of thebody44. language form of communication whether spoken,written, or signed, that is based on a systemof symbols45. languageacquisitiondevice (LAD)Chomsky's term that describes a biologicalendowment that enables the child to detectthe features and rules of language includingphonology, syntax, and semantics46. lateralization specialization of function in onehemisphere of the cerebral cortex47. marasmus severe protein calorie deficiency and grosslyunderweight and atrophied muscles48. memory central feature of cognitive developmentinvolving the retention of information overtime49. moro reflex neonatal startle response that occursin reaction to a sudden, intense noiseor movement; startled, newborns archtheir back, throw their head back, andfling out their arms and legs, rapidlyclose their arms and legs, bringingthem close to center of body50. morphology unites of meaning involved in wordformation51. myelination process where nerve cells are coveredand insulated with a layer of fat cells,increases the speed at whichinformation travels through nervoussystem52. neuroconstructivistviewbiological processes

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PSU PHYS 212H - Quiz 2

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