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Midterm Review: Religion 210Study Questions:1. What was the relationship of church and state in colonial Virginia and Massachusetts? Which specific religions were established in each of these colonies?- Established churches- No religious freedom- Virgina; church of England (Anglican church)- Massachusetts, puritan church, congregationalist- Established throughout the colonial period- Every colony during colonial period had own laws about church and state2. Why did evangelicals support the American Revolution and the disestablishment of religion in the US? - Evangelicals=rebels- Never had established church, had nothing to lose- Didn’t want gov. corrupting religion3. What was the Enlightenment? Why did Enlightenment thinkers support the “separation between church and state”?- Age of reason and science- Rejecting supernatural human reason and scientific method- Still traditional - Didn’t want religion corrupting government4. What is the wording of the religion clauses in the First Amendment of the USConstitution?- “congress shall make no law…”5. Does the US Constitution explicitly state that there should be a wall of separation between church and state? Where does this phrase come from?- Thomas jefferson’s interpretation of first amendment- Has been used by supreme court6. What were the first and second Great Awakening? When did each one take place? What was the religious, social and political impact of each one?- Review D2L lectures on Jan. 31st and Feb 37th- Frist Great Awakeningo Before American revolutiono Happening when we still had established churcheso Recruiting away from established churcheso Gov. doesn’t supporto Leads to decline of support of powerful churcheso Wants to disestablish churches- Second Great Awakeningo After American revolutiono After religious freedomo People are looking for religionso Evangelicals become dominant religious group (many different races and borders that follow) o North and south form different denominations of religionso Both about spreading evangelical Protestantismo Rise of evangelicalism7. Other than Protestantism, what other forms of Christianity have been covered in this course so far?- Main two groups: Catholics and Latter-Day Saints8. What time period in American history did Joseph Smith live? What was the political and cultural context that helped to motivate him to explore new religious ideas?- Review lecture on feb. 14th on joseph smitho Early 1800so Lived in antebellum USo During Second Great Awakeningo Politically at the time, it was early days of religious freedom and people are experimenting with religiono Most are becoming evangelicalso Other religions are being borno Prays to find out what true religion iso Lead to find book of Mormon and feels like its his callingo People are excited about religion and movements so they are excited to try new things9. Why did Mormons find it necessary to leave the United States and settle in Utah?- Mormons were persecutedo Book of Mormon (scripture beyond bible)o Harassed by communities so moved westo Started in New York, went to Missouri, ended up in Nauvoo Illinoiso Plural marriage teachings leads to further persecutiono Joseph smith runs for pres of US Jailed and assassinated (not because of running for pres)o Mormons are driven out of Nauvooo Brighim young brings group to salt lake10. Identify the first case heard by the US Supreme Court explicitly related to the “free exercise” of religion. When did this take place? What was at issue in this case? What did the US Supreme Court rule in this case? - Feb 14 slides 35-47- Reynolds vs. US- Supreme court ruled he did not have religious freedom to practice plural marriage- Some see that as Us gov. wouldn’t allow religious freedom- 187911. Identify one key similarity and one key difference between the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints today and other forms of Christianity.- call themselves Christians- believe jesus is savior- accept bible- differenceso have Mormon as scriptureo believe in modern day prophets12. How is the Latter-day Saint (Mormon) church distinctively tied to America?Identify LDS beliefs and history that make it a particularly American religion.- was founded by joseph smith in America- believes jesus appeared in America to natives- believed garden of eden was in north America13. According to the Pew Research Council, what percentage of the US population are adherents of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints?- less than 2% but growing14. How did evangelicalism Protestantism fragment as a result of race and slavery in the United States? How and why did Protestants become divided along racial and regional line during the 1800s?- almost everyone were evangelical protestants- as it grew it took on more branches and fragmented more- found justification in bible to support and oppose slavery- fragmented on racial and regional lines15. What impact did evangelicalism have on African Americans? - church=center of life and politics- evangelical influence gave African americans the influence that God wants them to resist inequality- gave everyone a sense of individual authority16. How did the predominantly Protestant population of this time period give religious meaning to the assassination of Abraham Lincoln?- Lincoln was assassinated on good friday- Saw parallels between Lincoln sacrifice and jesus’- Saw Lincoln as Christ-like figure17. Which were created first: Spanish (Catholic) American colonies or British/English (Protestant) American colonies? Did all Catholics who ended up living in the US immigrate to the US? How else did Catholics end up living inthe US?- Spanish (catholic American)- The expansion of the US into catholic territories18. Why did Bishop John Hughes have a problem with American public schoolsin the nineteenth century? What did he do about it? What were the results of his efforts?- Catholics were one of the first groups to challenge promotion of protestant teachings in schools- Didn’t think it was fair to pay taxes to support schools that taught protestant teachings- Only in NYC accepted19. What was the significance of Vatican II? What changes happened in the Catholic Church as result of Vatican II? How did the Church leadership approach modern science after Vatican II? What did not change after Vatican II?- Purpose to discuss modernity- Leadership accepted evolution- Feb. 26th lecture20. After Vatican II, Pope Paul VI issued Humanae Vitae. What was this?- Didn’t

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UA RELI 210 - Midterm Review

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