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Which of the following endocrines would you expect to bind to a membrane-bound receptor?corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)Which is a correct statement about endocrines?1.non-polar steroids require a plasma binding protein2.insulin is an example of a peptide endocrine3.peptide endocrines start off as pro hormones and are activated in vesicles4.eliminating certain enzymes can impact the production of specific steroid endocrinesWhich of the following pairs do (question is NOT) share some of the same functions?• oxytocin and prolactin• follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone• vasopressin and oxytocinAdrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is to cortisol asGrowth hormone is to IGF-1The thyroid produces two ___ endocrines that are ____amine----nonpolarWhich of the following is an endocrine produced by the hypothalamus?OxytocinEndocrines from the hypothalamus pass through the ___ to allow for their release from the ____ pituitary gland.nerve axons----posteriorThe hypothalamus sends ____, a(n) ____ endocrine, to the pituitary gland via the ____.Somatostatin (SS)----inhibitory endocrine----infundibulumThe endocrine ____ is produced in the ____• Somatostatin (SS)---hypothalamus• Luteinizing hormone (LH)---pituitary• Cortisol---adrenal gland• Vasopressin----hypothalamusBased on the currently identified endocrines covered in lecture, the anteriorpituitary gland releases ____ endocrines and the posterior pituitary gland releases ____ endocrines.8----2Using her physiology knowledge and in her free time, Julie determines the method to properly activate the beta endorphin pathway. To cover her medical school tuition, she decides to sell her knowledge to a company working on• anesthesias• arthritis remediesWhich of the following can contribute to the regulation of endocrine levels in the blood?• an increase in the level of the glucose in the plasma• the decrease of an endocrine in the blood• the input from the somatosensory system to the central nervous systemAt a recent annual checkup, Carmen was told that her routine blood showed that an endocrine issue might be present. The test was not preciseso her doctor could only know that it was a problem with a tyrosine-based endocrine. He ordered more tests. In the meantime, you correctly explain to Carmen that her test results could be due to• a problem in the production of an endocrine produced extracellularly• her new ultra relaxed lifestyle which prevented recent activation of her sympathetic nervous systemWhich is a correct method for preventing the effects of a steroid?• not endocytosing, but catabolizing its receptors• blocking its receptor with an antagonistWhat is (are) the benefit(s) of the design of the endocrine system?• more opportunity for regulation• fewer initial ligands are requiredWhich is a correct method to decrease the production of thyroid stimulatinghormone (TSH)?• increase the production of the thyroid hormonesTo impact the levels of endocrines being released by the pituitary gland, we could• alter the amounts of endocrines being released by the adrenal cortex• impact the polarization within the infidibulumBrutus decides to play a prank on visiting Wolverine fans. He coats his hands with a solution of the newly identified endocrine called Buckeye Pride Factor which causes the skin to produce scarlet and grey pigments. He then gives "High 5s" to the visiting true blue fans. Soon they start turning scarlet and gray. Which statement is mostly correct about BPF?• it is most likely a steroid endocrine• when in the blood, it would likely need to associate with a plasma binding proteinYou are concerned about a friend being anorexic (underweight due to a lack of eating). You decide to take him to lunch to discuss the potential consequences. At the lunch, he suggests sitting on the patio even though itis still chilly and then ate like the proverbial horse. As a result, you revise your determination because you correctly realize that he• has a lower than normal level of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)• Has thyroid endocrines doing negative feedback on the anterior pituitary gland• Has sufficient iodine present• Has an autoimmune disease called Grave's diseaseIn the heart, action potentials travel through ____ to another cell and ___ holds the two cells togetherintercalated discs---desmosomesWhich is the correct statement about the process of cardiac muscle contraction?Contraction occurs due to the spread of APs through gap junctionsRickets is a disease caused by a lack of calcium and often results in a bowing of the legs. This disease has recently been on the rise because of_____ sunscreen usage causing ____ to not be synthesizedincreased----vitamin DThe ___ is the smallest chamber of the heart because this chamber needs to move blood ____right atrium----the shortest distanceWhich of the following endocrines will positively impact human height growth when released?insulinAction potentials moving within the ____ through the ___ will not spread to the surrounding ventricular tissueBundles of His----interventricular septumThe adrenal cortex ___ stress by increasing the production of enzymes in the ____decreases---liverThe increase presence of which endocrines will lead to a decrease in bonestrenght?Cortisol parathyroid hormone (PTH)To ___ heart rate, our body must ___ sympathetic actions at the ___ nodeincrease----increase----SAThe release of ____ causes an increase in glucose utilization and is produced by a gland near the ___cortisol---kidneyAt a recent family dinner, your grandmother complained that she barely bumped her arm in a fall, yet broke it anyway. Knowing that you are studying physiology, she asks for your advice. You correctly tell her that• she may not have sufficient receptors on her parathyroid gland• she may need to begin a regular weight-lifting scheduleCarmen did last November's Mirror Lake jump. Due to a resulting illness, she has consistently low plasma calcium levels. To impact this level issue, her body could• secrete parathyroid hormone to increase bone reabsorption• increase the impacts of the kidney and liver on vitamin DAn alien from the planet Elapidae kills its prey by injection venom thatshuts down the heart. Which is a correct potential mechanism for how the venom works?causes tight junctions to form in the myocardiumUsing her physiology knowledge, Julie determined possible reasons for theshort stature (she needs a strep stool to


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OSU EEOB 2520 - Notes

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