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1. What is the West?a. Anything west of the Mississippi Riverb. Louisiana Purchase(1803) from Francei. Napoleon bought itc. Mexican Wari. 1840- obtained land through war1. Part of treaty that ended the war, US acquired land such as Californiad. Settling the Westi. People in the east viewed the West as an opportunity1. New chance, new startii. American Rail Road Network1. Allowed for efficient transportation of people and goods across the U.S.a. Took lots of labor to build these lines- Immigrants/ former slaves built themb. Materials: Wood and Steel2. Transcontinental Rail Roadiii. Who went west?1. Minersa. Young men, single who headed out west in large number after civil war, trying to get rich quickb. Corporate miners- invest in equipment that would dig further into the ground: water jets2. Cattlemen- feeding cities in the easta. Rancher shipped cattle back to the east- acquire land cheaply form federal governmenti. Let cattle roam free in winterii. Perfect area for ranchers because it was grasslandiii. Sent cowboys to capture them to then send the cattle back on the RR to the eastiv. Texas Longhorn: New unique cattle3. Farmersa. Put up fences to avoid land being destroyedi. Homestead Acts: Federal government gave away land people who wanted to move west and have a farmii. Life was hardiii. Land wasn’t the best for agriculture, late 1800’s bad weather, hard grounde. Native Americans of the Westi. Plains Indians Cultureii. Dozens of tribes living scattered throughout the Westiii. Believed that no single person should own landiv. Lived nomadic lifestylev. Very egalitarianvi. Were not politically unifiedvii. Leaders or “chiefs” were identified through accomplishment and the respect others had for themviii. Sioux were the largest and most popular plains Indians1. Teton (Western)2. Yankton (Central)3. Santee (Eastern)2. The Plains Warsa. Little Big Horni. Sent in troops, involved Sioux resistanceii. Custer was in chargeiii. Led an attack on Sioux in June 1876 and was slaughteredb. Concentrationi. Treaty (agreement between different nations):1. Don’t sign treaties with own countrya. Federal Government tried to get tribes to agree to live on specific areas of land- in returns of goods and suppliesc. Resistancei. Buffalo Skulls1. Inhibiting western migration of US2. Limiting Buffaloa. Use buffalo hides for industrialization same with skin for beltsb. 1895 less than 1000- in less then 30 years buffalos were almost extinctd. Nez Percei. Government wanted to round up Nez Perceii. Gave famous speeche. Apachesi. Well known western tribe1. Supposed to be confined to reservation in AZa. Tried to avoid being rounded up and put into reservationsb. Led 5000 American soldiers at its peak on a chase, eventually the Indians were caught and surrenderedf. Wovokai. 1889- very ill, solar eclipse1. met with god2. Native Americans should be resolved3. Vision: spread across the plainsii. Ghost Dance1. Religious dance2. Seen as messiahg. Wounded Kneei. Scared the heck out of the white settlersii. Result: U.S government sent in to soldiers to stop the potential uprising threat towards the settlers.iii. Dec 29 1890- moved into on the Sioux reservation1. Some point shot was fired2. Death of hundreds of Sioux Indians (mothers and babies)iv. Significant because it lead to the death of the Sioux Indians way of life.Terms: Homestead Acts, Plains Indian Culture, Little Big Horn, Ghost Dance, Wounded Knee, Promontory PointThe West 02/04/20141. What is the West?a. Anything west of the Mississippi Riverb. Louisiana Purchase(1803) from Francei. Napoleon bought itc. Mexican Wari. 1840- obtained land through war1. Part of treaty that ended the war, US acquired land suchas California d. Settling the Westi. People in the east viewed the West as an opportunity1. New chance, new start ii. American Rail Road Network1. Allowed for efficient transportation of people and goods across the U.S.a. Took lots of labor to build these lines- Immigrants/former slaves built themb. Materials: Wood and Steel2. Transcontinental Rail Roadiii. Who went west?1. Minersa. Young men, single who headed out west in large number after civil war, trying to get rich quickb. Corporate miners- invest in equipment that would dig further into the ground: water jets2. Cattlemen- feeding cities in the easta. Rancher shipped cattle back to the east- acquire land cheaply form federal governmenti. Let cattle roam free in winterii. Perfect area for ranchers because it was grasslandiii. Sent cowboys to capture them to then send the cattle back on the RR to the eastiv. Texas Longhorn: New unique cattle3. Farmersa. Put up fences to avoid land being destroyedi. Homestead Acts: Federal government gave away land people who wanted to move west and have a farmii. Life was hardiii. Land wasn’t the best for agriculture, late 1800’s bad weather, hard grounde. Native Americans of the Westi. Plains Indians Cultureii. Dozens of tribes living scattered throughout the Westiii. Believed that no single person should own landiv. Lived nomadic lifestylev. Very egalitarian vi. Were not politically unifiedvii. Leaders or “chiefs” were identified through accomplishment and the respect others had for them viii. Sioux were the largest and most popular plains Indians 1. Teton (Western)2. Yankton (Central)3. Santee (Eastern)2. The Plains Warsa. Little Big Horni. Sent in troops, involved Sioux resistance ii. Custer was in chargeiii. Led an attack on Sioux in June 1876 and was slaughteredb. Concentrationi. Treaty (agreement between different nations):1. Don’t sign treaties with own countrya. Federal Government tried to get tribes to agree tolive on specific areas of land- in returns of goods and suppliesc. Resistancei. Buffalo Skulls1. Inhibiting western migration of US2. Limiting Buffaloa. Use buffalo hides for industrialization same with skin for beltsb. 1895 less than 1000- in less then 30 years buffalos were almost extinct d. Nez Percei. Government wanted to round up Nez Perceii. Gave famous speeche. Apachesi. Well known western tribe1. Supposed to be confined to reservation in AZa. Tried to avoid being rounded up and put into reservations b. Led 5000 American soldiers at its peak on a chase, eventually the Indians were caught and surrenderedf. Wovokai. 1889- very ill, solar eclipse1. met with god2. Native Americans should be resolved 3. Vision: spread across the plainsii. Ghost Dance1. Religious dance2. Seen as messiahg. Wounded Kneei. Scared the heck


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ECU HIST 1051 - The West

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