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Final Exam Review Sex, Relationships, and Communication 1Rachel Jermansky April 15, 2014 Sex, Relationships, and CommunicationCOMM 1131-01, CRN: 36714Chpt. 9 - M. Dragonfly: Two-Spirit an the Tafoya Principle of Uncertainty - Terry Tafoya (1 Question)1) Choosing the name two-spirit for oneself, as opposed to “berdache” [sic] from the history of non-Native people, is to speak in a “dissident vernacular”a. Away from model of scientific ideas needing translating for those people w/out dominant culture’s language skills or conceptsb. Suggests meanings created by and in communities are upsetting to the dominant culture precisely because speaking in one’s own fashion is a means of resistance, a strengthening of the subculture that has created the new meaning2. “berdache” is frequently glossed in the literature with English classifications as hermaphrodite, transvestite, or homosexuals, we might do well to question the context in which these terms are used.a. “labels of bisexual, heterosexual, and homosexual suggest an isomorphism to a person’s sexual behavior, sexual fantasies, erotic arousal, and affectional relationships that are not consistent with research evidence” (i.e.., context in which terms are used change their meanings!)b. such categories emphasize discontinuities rather than consistencies along the full range of variations in erotic and affectional preferences3. only one type of homosexuality indeed! a. What is the sexuality of the one who partners a two-spirit?i. If one accepts the concept of more than two genders, then such a “man” or “woman” is not having a homosexual relationship but is fundamentally engaged in a heterosexual encounter by being involved with a third or fourth (or fifth or sixth) gender.Chpt. 10 Migrancy and Homodesire - Myron Beasley (1 question)Reflections of a traveler 1. Hall reminds us that it is always narrative that situates who we are and where we come from (geographically, politically, sexuallya. Sensual geographic experiences are “fundamentally mediated by the body, it begins and ends with the body”b. Being open, frank, and explicit about his or her life allows others to identify and empathize with thenarrativec. Performing stories allow us to make sense of who I am and how I negotiate my multiple identities (African American, Ethiopian, Jewish, academic, same-gender-loving man)d. Explore borders as conditions from which I turn as I move through questions of identity2. By telling my story I create something new and alter and reconfigure my map of desire. a. Told through framework of homodesire – for “Silence equals death” and “silence will not protect you, “ Audre Lorde.b. Not sharing same-sex desires would have denied who I amc. Could have sought refuge in the terrain of silence, but that silence is deadly and not affirming 3. Telling our stories against cultural backdrops that nourish them, we transcend self-indulgence and contribute to rewriting of the governing cultural narrativeFinal Exam Review Sex, Relationships, and Communication 2a. Narratives disrupt heteronormativityb. The body, which has been colonized by cultural law, is policed not only by border control, but also by the capacities of languagei. Stories construct forms of identity, reshape memory…Chpt. 11 - Performing “I Do”: Weddings, Pornography, and Sex – Elizabeth Bell (2 points)1. Weddings and porn seen as oppositesa. Weddings: represents, enact, and perform social orderb. Porn: represents, enacts, and performs social chaosc. From performance perspective – both are the samei. Cultural performancesii. Depend on the intent and consent of their participantsiii. Arise from historical conventions determined by church and stateiv. SEX at their center2. Wedding consummated by sexual intercourse3. Hard-core porn must depict penetration and ejaculation4. Wedding and porn are not opposites – they are mirror doubles of the cultural performance of sexa. Both socially and politically organized to serve culturei. Create insiders and outsiders, rules for appropriate sexual behavior, & performance frames that fluctuate b/w play and beliefii. Depend on successful enactment of conventions and scripts, consciousness of performers, imposition of frames of belief and playiii. Both hold consent and sexual intercourse as their sine qua noniv. They are complementary and mutually dependent: if no socially sanctioned coupling through weddings, there would be no socially demonized coupling through porn5. Construction of weddings and pornography as complementary cultural performances shifts the emphasis from sex as the operative term in the pornography debates to performancea. In rhetoric of pornography debates, different camps are condemning, embracing, displacing the term performance in describing sex in performanceb. Show how weddings and porn are similar in culturec. Show how performance is used in pornography debatesi. How both serve to control sex, how it is constructed, enacted, and policed in contemporary cultureChpt. 14 Disciplining the Transgendered: Brandon Teena, Public Representation, and Normativity – John M. Sloop (2 questions)Conclusions 1. The Brandon Teena story provides us with a number of observations about doxastic understandings of gendered sexualitya. First, discourse is part of a cultural ideology that affects all of us; a discourse that is defining, disciplinary, even while we negotiate within its boundariesi. Critical readings of disciplinary discourses about transsexualism, transgenderism, or intersexualisms are simultaneously critiques that help everyone understand their own interpellation (hailing) within gender and sexual discoursesii. Brandon and ourselves are shaped in the same ways – we all negotiate them so they should be our shared critical responsibilityFinal Exam Review Sex, Relationships, and Communication 3b. Second, when a subjectivity is either not represented (symbolically annihilated) or represented negatively, those people, including adolescents, who are developing a similar subjectivity are more likely to do so relatively alone, without the idea that supportive community might existi. Tragic implications with adolescent homosexuality, more of a problem with transgendered individualsii. Critical work that underscores the “naturalness” of transgenderism and highlights the complexity of desire would be in service of those whose desires and identities are outside ofcultural normsc. Third, the


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