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KIN 1600Alcohol- Must used drug in the history of Western civilization- Most used legal drug in Americao The most used illegal drug in America is marijuana- A typical American will be exposed to 1000 alcohol TV commercials- Every thirty minutes in the US, there is a traffic accident that is due to alcohol- 15 million alcoholics in the US that we know ofo A half million of them are between the ages of 9 and 12, usually in broken homes where the parents either abuse or neglect the child- Approximately 90 to 100 billion dollars are spent on alcohol yearly- Average each person consumes in a year:o 25 gallons of beero 2 gallons of wineo 1.5 gallons hard liquor - College students spend 5.5 billion dollars on alcohol yearlyo That’s more than what we spend on books, tea, soft drinks, and coffee put together- 7 to 10 million Americans binge drink each year- The Bible of Mental Health (BSM5) does not use the word alcoholic or binge drinking, and calls it Alcohol Use Disorder/Alcohol Dependenceo Characterized by the concept of remission and relapse Try to quit but you can’to Drinking alone or in secreto Using alcohol repeatedly or at unusual times When you wake up, during the school day, etc.o Consuming alcohol in risky situations Driving or operating heavy machineryo Getting drunk more frequentlyo Feeling uncomfortable or developing Social Anxiety Disorder when alcohol is not available o Using alcohol specifically to get through problematic situations  Too much stress, work or school problems, etc.- Specifically in the US, 12.4% of adult men have this disorder- 4.9% of women have this disorder- On average, 8.5% of adults have this disorder- 4.6% of people from ages 12-17 have this disorder- The age group that has the biggest percent is 16-29, which is 16.2%- By ethnicity in adultso Native American: 12.1 %o White: 8.9%o Hispanic: 7.9%o African American: 6.9%o Asian: 4.5%- Ages 12-17 ethnicityo Hispanics: 6%o Native American: 5.7%o White: 5%o African American: 1.8%o Asian: 1.6%- Another defining characteristic of being an alcoholic is tolerance and withdrawalo Getting used to alcohol and getting it out of your systemo Withdrawal can be 4-12 hours after your last drinko Body metabolizes one regular drink per hour- Alcohol Intoxicationo Closest illness to binge drinking that we haveo Characterized by the concept of a blackout  Lose a chunk of memory after drinking- 44% of high school students claim that they drink each year- 70% of college students claim that they drink each year- 80% of all Americans have consumed alcohol at least once in their life- 65% are current drinkers and drink regularly- Ethyl Alcohol is the only safe alcohol to consumeo Beer: 2-5%o Wine: 9-20%o Hard liquor: 35-50% Equated by half of the proof value- A twelve ounce beer, a bottle of wine, and a regular 12 ounce mix drink all contain .6 ounces of alcoholo You cannot consume methyl or isopropanol alcohol unless you want kidney failure or blindness- About 20% of the alcohol when you drink goes from the stomach to the bloodstreamo The rest continues going through your GI tract - Alcohol can affect you quickly or slowlyo Drinking on an empty stomach increases the rate of absorptiono Carbonation increases the rateo Drinking with food slows it down- Out of the 20% that goes directly to the bloodstreamo 2-10% is not metabolized  Comes out in breath, urine, and sweat Excreted alcohol is the basis for alcohol testing- Alcohol consumption is measured by BACo The smaller you are, the lower the BACo The more fat content, the higher the BAC because fat does not absorb alcohol well Because of this, women have higher BAC than men after drinking the same amount because women have more fat content Women have 5% more fat than men because of childbirtho BAC is also determined by the speed of absorption How fast you absorb and how fast you consume You can metabolize .5 ounces in an houro If your BAC is between .03 and .05, you experience a buzz Relaxed, light headed, less stress, inhibition might go away Alcohol acts as a stimulant at this level because it makes the inhibitions go awayo At levels of .08 to .1, that is the legal limit for being drunk  Major reductions in your senses and motor control occuro At .2, most people are unable to function Might include control of their bladdero .3 to .35 means you are close to being in a coma or passed outo Usually anything over .4 means you are deadHealth Problems from Alcohol- DWIo Leads to money problems and resume problemso Half million injured each year- Even in small amounts, alcohol affects your liver in a small wayo The cells of you liver die, and what regenerates is scar tissueo Cirrhosis of the liver Takes away a person’s tolerance- Alcohol during pregnancy can affect the fetuso Alcohol or any drug can cause the fetus to be developmentally delayed The child does not develop at the proper speed- Effects on your cardiovascular system directly depend on how much you consumeo Drinking too much can weaken your heart muscleo The alcohol kills the muscle- Overall, the life of an alcoholic is 10 to 12 years less than a nondrinker or a casual drinkerThe Problem- The problem is not alcohol itself, the problem is how you consume ito Speedo Intensityo Duration- Binge drinkingo Having 5 drinks in a row for men (in a short period of time)o 4 drinks in a row for women o Most common form of alcohol abuse on college campuses- Frequent binge drinkers have 3 binges in two calendar weeks (14 days)- A large daiquiri contains anywhere from 5-8 shots- Binge drinkers can get in troubleo Physical altercationso Drinking and drivingo Damage of personal propertyo Engage in unprotected and risky sex Not knowing your partner and STDso Get in trouble with the lawo Injure themselves- Non binge drinking students report problems with:o Assaulto Property damageo Sleep or studying disturbedo Being the recipient of unwanted and/or embarrassing sexual advancesWithdrawal- Symptomso Shakingo Cold sweatso Anger or rageo Hallucinationso Seizureso Nervousnesso Nausea o Physical problems- If you binge drink, then you are going to go through a form of withdrawal known as a hangovero Multiply your worst hangover by 50, and that’s actual withdrawal- For ever alcoholic, 4 to 5 other people around them are affected as wellPsychoactive Drugs- In 2012 the DEA arrested 30,476 people for drugs- The highest year was 1999 which was close to 42,000- Lowest year was 1993 where

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LSU KIN 1600 - Alcohol

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