Unformatted text preview:

KIN 1600Alcohol- Must used drug in the history of Western civilization- Most used legal drug in Americao The most used illegal drug in America is marijuana- A typical American will be exposed to 1000 alcohol TV commercials- Every thirty minutes in the US, there is a traffic accident that is due to alcohol- 15 million alcoholics in the US that we know ofo A half million of them are between the ages of 9 and 12, usually in broken homes where the parents either abuse or neglect the child- Approximately 90 to 100 billion dollars are spent on alcohol yearly- Average each person consumes in a year:o 25 gallons of beero 2 gallons of wineo 1.5 gallons hard liquor - College students spend 5.5 billion dollars on alcohol yearlyo That’s more than what we spend on books, tea, soft drinks, and coffee put together- 7 to 10 million Americans binge drink each year- The Bible of Mental Health (BSM5) does not use the word alcoholic or binge drinking, and calls it Alcohol Use Disorder/Alcohol Dependenceo Characterized by the concept of remission and relapse Try to quit but you can’to Drinking alone or in secreto Using alcohol repeatedly or at unusual times When you wake up, during the school day, etc.o Consuming alcohol in risky situations Driving or operating heavy machineryo Getting drunk more frequentlyo Feeling uncomfortable or developing Social Anxiety Disorder when alcohol is not available o Using alcohol specifically to get through problematic situations  Too much stress, work or school problems, etc.- Specifically in the US, 12.4% of adult men have this disorder- 4.9% of women have this disorder- On average, 8.5% of adults have this disorder- 4.6% of people from ages 12-17 have this disorder- The age group that has the biggest percent is 16-29, which is 16.2%- By ethnicity in adultso Native American: 12.1 %o White: 8.9%o Hispanic: 7.9%o African American: 6.9%o Asian: 4.5%- Ages 12-17 ethnicityo Hispanics: 6%o Native American: 5.7%o White: 5%o African American: 1.8%o Asian: 1.6%- Another defining characteristic of being an alcoholic is tolerance and withdrawalo Getting used to alcohol and getting it out of your systemo Withdrawal can be 4-12 hours after your last drinko Body metabolizes one regular drink per hour- Alcohol Intoxicationo Closest illness to binge drinking that we haveo Characterized by the concept of a blackout  Lose a chunk of memory after drinking- 44% of high school students claim that they drink each year- 70% of college students claim that they drink each year- 80% of all Americans have consumed alcohol at least once in their life- 65% are current drinkers and drink regularly- Ethyl Alcohol is the only safe alcohol to consumeo Beer: 2-5%o Wine: 9-20%o Hard liquor: 35-50% Equated by half of the proof value- A twelve ounce beer, a bottle of wine, and a regular 12 ounce mix drink all contain .6 ounces of alcoholo You cannot consume methyl or isopropanol alcohol unless you want kidney failure or blindness- About 20% of the alcohol when you drink goes from the stomach to the bloodstreamo The rest continues going through your GI tract - Alcohol can affect you quickly or slowlyo Drinking on an empty stomach increases the rate of absorptiono Carbonation increases the rateo Drinking with food slows it down- Out of the 20% that goes directly to the bloodstreamo 2-10% is not metabolized  Comes out in breath, urine, and sweat Excreted alcohol is the basis for alcohol testing- Alcohol consumption is measured by BACo The smaller you are, the lower the BACo The more fat content, the higher the BAC because fat does not absorb alcohol well Because of this, women have higher BAC than men after drinking the same amount because women have more fat content Women have 5% more fat than men because of childbirtho BAC is also determined by the speed of absorption How fast you absorb and how fast you consume You can metabolize .5 ounces in an houro If your BAC is between .03 and .05, you experience a buzz Relaxed, light headed, less stress, inhibition might go away Alcohol acts as a stimulant at this level because it makes the inhibitions go awayo At levels of .08 to .1, that is the legal limit for being drunk  Major reductions in your senses and motor control occuro At .2, most people are unable to function Might include control of their bladdero .3 to .35 means you are close to being in a coma or passed outo Usually anything over .4 means you are deadHealth Problems from Alcohol- DWIo Leads to money problems and resume problemso Half million injured each year- Even in small amounts, alcohol affects your liver in a small wayo The cells of you liver die, and what regenerates is scar tissueo Cirrhosis of the liver Takes away a person’s tolerance- Alcohol during pregnancy can affect the fetuso Alcohol or any drug can cause the fetus to be developmentally delayed The child does not develop at the proper speed- Effects on your cardiovascular system directly depend on how much you consumeo Drinking too much can weaken your heart muscleo The alcohol kills the muscle- Overall, the life of an alcoholic is 10 to 12 years less than a nondrinker or a casual drinkerThe Problem- The problem is not alcohol itself, the problem is how you consume ito Speedo Intensityo Duration- Binge drinkingo Having 5 drinks in a row for men (in a short period of time)o 4 drinks in a row for women o Most common form of alcohol abuse on college campuses- Frequent binge drinkers have 3 binges in two calendar weeks (14 days)- A large daiquiri contains anywhere from 5-8 shots- Binge drinkers can get in troubleo Physical altercationso Drinking and drivingo Damage of personal propertyo Engage in unprotected and risky sex Not knowing your partner and STDso Get in trouble with the lawo Injure themselves- Non binge drinking students report problems with:o Assaulto Property damageo Sleep or studying disturbedo Being the recipient of unwanted and/or embarrassing sexual advancesWithdrawal- Symptomso Shakingo Cold sweatso Anger or rageo Hallucinationso Seizureso Nervousnesso Nausea o Physical problems- If you binge drink, then you are going to go through a form of withdrawal known as a hangovero Multiply your worst hangover by 50, and that’s actual withdrawal- For ever alcoholic, 4 to 5 other people around them are affected as wellPsychoactive Drugs- In 2012 the DEA arrested 30,476 people for drugs- The highest year was 1999 which was close to 42,000- Lowest year was 1993 where


View Full Document

LSU KIN 1600 - Alcohol

Download Alcohol
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Alcohol and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Alcohol 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?