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//Lecture 1 //March 31st, 2014 • 1. Array limitations: fixed size, adding or removing from middle is hard,not much built-in functionality (needs Arrays class), • 2. Collections and lists -collection: an object that stores data("elements") -list: collection of elements with 0-based indexes -elements can be added to the front, back, or elsewhere -a list has a size(number of elements that have been added) -in Java, list can be represented as an ArrayList Object • 3. Type parameters (generics) ArrayList<Type> name = new ArrayList<Type>(); • 4. ArrayList methods -add(value): appends value at end of list -add(index, value): inserts given value just before the given index, shifting subsequent values to the right -clear(): removes all elements of the list -indexOf(value): returns first index where given value is found in list (-1 if not found) -get(index): returns the value at given index -remove(index):removes/returns value at given idex, shifting subsequence values to the left -set(index, value): replaces value at given index with given value -size(): returns number of elements in list -toString(): returns string as "[num, num]" import java.util.*; public class Lecture1 { public static void main(String[] args) { //String[] people = new String[6]; //Using an Array is bad because it constrains the size before number of elements is even known. ArrayList<String> people = new ArrayList<String>(); people.add("Robert"); System.out.println(people); System.out.println(people.size()); } }//ArrayList basically same as Array, just that size is not constrained prior. public class ReverseFile{ public static void main(String[] args) throws FileNotFoundException{ //Capitalize all plural words for (int i = 0; i < words.size(); i++) { if (words.get(i).endsWith("s")) { words.set(i, words.get(i).toUpperCase()); } } //Remove all plural words. THIS DOES NOT WORK BECAUSE everything slides over to the left //when you remove an element. for (int i = 0; i < words.size(); i++) { if (words.get(i).endsWith("s")) { words.remove(i); i--; //HAVE TO ADD THIS } } System.out.println(words); for (int i = words.size() - 1; i >= 0; i--) { System.out.println(words.get(i)); } } //Must include the throws in whatever scans a file! public static ArrayList<String> fileToArrayList(String fileName) throws FileNotFoundException { Scanner input = new Scanner(new File(fileName)); ArrayList<String> words = new ArrayList<String>(); while (input.hasNext()) { words.add(input.next()); } }

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