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Chapter 12: Know: microexpressions, sympathetic vs. parasympathetic nervous systems, varioustheories of emotion.Microexpressions- the expressions associalted with emotional intelligence. Hard to report it.Sympathetic VS Parasympathetic nervous systems – sympathetic is a flight or fight response. Parasympathetic is a resting state where you are not in a fight or flight situation. Various theories of emotion- James tells us its strictly an interpretation of our physiological response Know the widely accepted 6 basic emotions, Duchenne smile, Emotional Intelligence. Know the difference between fear and anxiety, and the brain region associated with fear. Also: GAD, PTSD. 6 basic emotions- Happiness, anger, fear, surprised…Duchenne Smile- The involuntary movement of smile muscles.. REAL smile.Emotional Intelligence- Reading microexpressions. Phineas Gage- who had a personality change because he got a railroad pipe through his head.Fear VS Anxiety- Fear is ACUTE and a temporary stage and more intense. Anxiety is more chronic and a sense of dread. Post traumatic stress disorder- Result of trauma. People with PTSD had a smaller hippocampus.. so are people with smaller hippocampus in danger? Way to determine if someone has a genetic predisposition to a small hippocampus is by checking their twinBrain region associated with fear-GAD-PTSD- people with low levels of cortisol are associated/correlate with PTSD Know patterns in sexual aggression, direct and indirect influences on happiness. Know Selye’s Concept of Stress. Also: Direct and Indirect influences of stress on health. Know the link between PTSD, cortisol, and the hippocampus. Know and be able to recognize examples of the 3 types of coping strategies. Patterns in sexual aggression- Sexual violence are the most common type of violence. Men and women have the same number of incidents of violence. Womenare just as likely to inflict sexual aggression although men will be more likely to inflict MORE damage. Direct And Indirect influences on happiness- Selye’s Concept of Stress- an event; not a long term; example: divorce, marriageDirect influence on sleepChapter 13:Avoiding and accepting responsibility toward others (big topic), understand attributional theory (somewhat big topic). Types of persuasion, slides on interpersonal attraction and influence. Bystander Apathy- if they wont do anything then I wontBystander helplessness- if they cant do anything I can’tSocial Loping- shared workload, means if a group of people are assigned work to do then they will do less work but if you were assigned a project by yourself youre more likely to put it even more time then expected. External attribution - when we blame of credit the situationInternal attribution- when we blame or credit the person for the situationChapter 14: Freud’s stages of psychosexual development, Jung, Rogers, Maslow. Approaches to studying personality, personality tests and their purposes, The “Big 5”, projective personality assessments. Know what cognitive dissonance means. Chapter 15:Know the DSM IV classifications. Also, know types of therapy such as Psychodynamic, CBT, Humanistic, etc. Also be able to recognize and explain the term“Therapeutic Alliance.”Chapter 16: Know the different types of anxiety disorders we discussed, and be able to name the treatment of choice (if one exists.) Also know the different types of alcoholics. Knowthe treatments available for depression, some possible reasons why women seek treatment for depression more than men do. Know what “rebound effects” are, and the addiction treatments we discussed. Know the neurotransmitter we discussed as it relates to schizophrenia, and how the theory came to be. Know the treatment(s) for schizophrenia. Finally, know the coresymptoms of autism, the difference between high-functioning autism and Asperger’ssyndrome.Exam questions:Going for a run when faced with a stressful situation is an example of:A) problem-focused copingB) ReappraisalC) Emotion-focused copingD) Avoidance copingThe "Duchenne Smile": C) Is a genuine smile involving involuntary eye muscle activation.Ignoring cries for help from a person in a crowded street may be an example of:A) Bystander helplessness or apathyB) Pluralistic ignorance C) Social LoafingD) A &B____ is not one of the traits in the “Big 5” model of personality.A) AgreeablenessB) Selfishness C) ExtraversionD) Neuroticism Which is always a feature of depression?A) Extreme SadnessB) Lack of happiness C) Sleep disturbances D)Impulsivity Which is not a core feature of autism?A) Language deficiency B) Repetitive BehaviourC) Social issuesD) Restricted interestsWhat is the best treatment for depression- NONE OF THE ABOVE (because there is no better therapy than another. It alldepends on the patient). The Pineal Gland is controlled by the _____________ and secretes _____________.a)Superchiasmatic Nucleus; MelatoninAccording to the Equity Principle, relationships work best if- Each person believes there is an equal exchange Childhood abuse would be an example of-Axis IV ClassificationA type II alcoholic is-Most likely male-starts drinking at early age-likely to have other legal issues-ALL OF THE


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Rutgers PSYCHOLOGY 101 - Chapter 12

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