Unformatted text preview:

Societies 00053/18/13 Lecture 13So far this semester…- Set out structure of society at a global levelo Economic, political, identities- Some axes of inequality in that global context, how people think of them, attempts to affect them- Conflict we see in different spheres of social life including ways they are related to globalstructure and inequalities- Ways that structure, inequalities, conflicts are seen in changing ways social life is organizedDeviance“Behavior that is banned, censured, stigmatized or penalized (pg. 219)”- Sane vs. Insaneo Common sense: gives us information, observations, interpretationso Criminals and deviants are different from normal peopleo Fox News: rapists are usually people we know – cannot completely defend self Democrats – why not prevent rapes from occur, teach men not to rape Republicans – inevitable to rape, women need a way to defend themselvesbuy carrying a gun or any other weapono Steubenville “We all have gone against the norm in some manner, we have all been deviant.”Essentialist View of Deviance- Deviant behaviors are objective, universally recognized as deviant- Question: what are the causes of being differento Milgram Experiment: obedience and shock values Circumstances can shape behavior more than we think The nature of deviant behavior is a matter of perspectiveSocial Constructionist View of Deviance- Categories of “deviant” are social, not naturalo Based on perspectives and interests of the observer Ex. High school party where everyone but one person is drinking- Parents may think that this person is good and is a role model- Other high school students may think they are going against the norm 47%/Takers – Mitt Romney Speech- People who are pooro Take/use public services from society without giving backo Law-abiding citizens – have the right to use public servicesCategories Do Not Equal Reality- Calling anything deviant only makes sense in a system that makes it seem deviantSocieties 0005- Question: Why, in what circumstances is something seen as deviant? What are societal reactions to deviance?Characteristics of Deviance1. Behavior of Characteristics- Some people in a society find offensive or reprehensible- Generates disapproval, punishment, condemnation or, or hostility toward, the actor orprofessor – or would generate if discovered- Deviates from the “norm”o Not a quality of the act a person commitso Norms vary from one culture to another, within any given culture Deviant behavior varies with norms, across groups2. A Non-Evaluative Term (Academically)- Describes behaviors considered to be out-of-norm by culture of study- People doing things (in ways) that are not take for granted3. A label used to maintain power, control, and position of a dominant group- Powerful people decide what acts are deviant or just, serious or minoro White Collar Crime (federal) vs. Blue Collar Crime (street)4. A label that is attached to acts and also people- Labeling TheorySocieties 00053/20/13 Lecture 14Labeling TheoryThree Stages of Deviance1. Primary Deviancea. Person commits actb. Person is considered deviant, treated as a deviantc. Person considers self as deviant2. Secondary Deviancea. Self identified deviant commits more deviant acts- Ex. employment applications, check box for committing acts of crime, may deter from hiring  goes back to deviant behaviors/crimes (self-fulfilling prophecy)3. Tertiary Deviancea. Attempts to normalize deviant behavior- Ex. Autism Rights Movement/Autism Liberation Movementso Autism = Neural Diversityo Anti-cure perspective: taking a disease and turning it into a diversity cure for autism is bad because takes away neural diversity and turns back into mainstream perspectiveso New York City – Stop & Frisk Lawo Murdero Debates about what is murder – does abortion count?o What is the real deviant? – leader, paid persono Intent to murder vs. murder by self-defenseRe-Applying Labeling Theory- Labeling based on characteristics, not individual behaviors (stereotypes)- Crime- Sometimes the person is (or organization’s) label wins out- Terrorismo When are you a terrorist, freedom fighter, defender?Social Control- How to keep people form participating in deviant acts?o Keeping deviants in prisono Judging person wearing a costume- Norm and Social Control- Everyone, everywhere is subjected to certain normso Norms  punishments or sanctionso No society where “anything goes” – there are always normsForms of Social Control- Internalo Socialization: when norms of society accepted as valid, the norms are internalizedSocieties 0005- Externalo What about people who don’t have norms internalized?o System of sanctions (rewards and punishments) to induce others to conform to a normo Negative social control (coercive): making people do something for themSanctions- Positive Sanction – Reward- Negative Sanction – Punishmento Social control usually relies on negative sanctions- Informalo Interpersonal actions between people remind that behavior is upsetting or pleasingo Informal agents of social control act on their own- Formalo Criminal justice systemo Class attendanceActivity that was a crime, but now is not- During women’s suffrage movemento Women dressed as men to vote- Prohibitiono United States own mistakeo 19th Amendment  21st Amendment to amend the previous amendment- Urinating in public used to be a sex offense – now it is just a crimeSocieties 00053/25/13 Lecture 15What is Religion? – set of beliefs that separate the sacred and profane, beliefs in some things as sacred- Literal/Metaphorical Meetingo Separates sacred matter from profane matters Profane – worldly, not linked with religion/religious beliefso Practices Rituals and totems, book discusso Manifest in a moral community, usuallyPerspective on Religion- Conflict- Functionalist Theory- Symbolic InteractionismConflict Perspective on Religion- Critical of Religiono Karl Marx “Religion is the sign of the oppressed creature, the sentiment of a hitless world…its is the opium of the masses.”- Religious teachings mirror society’s inequalities- Legitimates inequalitieso Tend to support existing social arrangements as Godly desires Ex. leader of state divinely appointed; caste system; antebellum (pre-civil war) US slaveryFunctionalism/Functionalism Perspective on Religion- What does religion do? Durkheimo Answers questions about meaning of lifeo Provides emotional comforto Sets up

View Full Document

Pitt SOC 0005 - Lecture notes

Documents in this Course
Load more
Download Lecture notes
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...

Join to view Lecture notes and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Lecture notes 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.


By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?