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Lecture'Notes!− Be!able!to!discuss!sexual!behavior!(both!“normal”!and!“deviant”)!from!a!naturalistic!perspective!!o Sexual!behavior!is!prevalent!in!our!society!whether!we!approve!of!it!or!not!! We!all!think!about!it,!engage!in!it,!have!fantasises,!have!something!that!others!might!consider!deviant,!and!have!something!that!we!keep!secret!or!hidden.!!! Just!because !w e!do n’t!talk!a bo ut!it!do es n’t!m ea n!it!do esn ’t!exist,!no r!does!it!mean!that!what!we!DO!talk!about!is!an!a c cu ra te !re fle ct ion !o f!what’s!actually!going!on.!!− Know!the!general!prevalence!of!sexual!fantasizing!(e.g.!what!proportion!of!individuals!share!or!don’t!share!their!fantasies!with!their!partners)!!o 1!in!3!people!share!their!sexual!fantasies!with!their!partner!! 3!out!of!4!do!not.!!!− Be!able!to!discuss!some!of!the!potential!risks!and!benefits!of!sharing!sexual!fantasies!with!a!partner!!o Risks!!! Partner!may!reject!you!because!of!the!fantasy!! Partner!may!reject!the!fantasy!/!see!it!as!deviant!! Partner!may!be!offended!that!you!even!have!the!fantasy!! Your!exposing!a!hidden!feeling!and!in!doing!so!making!yourself!vulnerable.!o Benefits!! Partner!may!be!down!for!practicing!the!fantasy!! Sex!life!could!improve!drastically!! You!could!be!fulfilling!a!fantasy!with!someone!you!care!about!! You’re!being!honest!and!communicative!in!the!relationship!about!your!wants!and!needs!!− Be!able!to!distinguish!between!a!general!paraphilia!and!a!specific!fetish!!o Paraphilia'! Paraphilia!is!the!sexual!attraction!(or!arousal)!that!results!from!situations,!objects,!or!individuals!that!are!generally!seen!as!deviant!sources!of!sexual!stimuli!• Can!be!involuntary!–!don’t!necessarily!seek!it!out!o Fetish'! A!fetish!is!a!need!or!desire!for!an!objec t!or!activity !that!is!psychologically!necessary*for*sexual*arousal'or!gratification!• Foot!fetish,!milfs,!sploshing,!etc.!!!− Be!able!to!explain!how!sexual!behavior!can!be!socially!constructed,!and!how!we!can!define!sex!as!a!natural'behavior!(HEDONISM)!!o Sexual!behavior!is!socially!constructed!because!it!is!something!that!is!learne d !through!intera ction !with !socie ty!/!oth ers!in!soc iety… yo u !learn!h ow !to!h ave !sex…what!it!entails,!how!to!do!it,!etc.!!o Sex!is!natural!behavior!because!it!is!a!simple!expression!of!seeking!out!pleasure!and!avoiding!pain!=!hedonism!! We!want!to!engage!in!sexual!be ha vior!be ca use !it!gives!us!plea su re.!!− Be!able!to!describe!what!men!and!women!tend!to!fantasize!about!in!terms!of!sex!!o Male!Fantasy!! Men!tend!to!fantasize!about!taking!control!of!their!partner!sexually!! NOT!Rape!• He!wants!her!to!want!him!to!take!co ntro l!of!her!!• A!pure!expression!of!gender\based!norms!o Males!dominant!&!females!submissive!!o Female!Fantasy!! Women!tend!to!fantasize!about!being!taken!control!of!by!their!sexual!partner!!• “He'wants'me'so'badly,'he'must'have'me”'!• To!evoke!“sexual!tension”!–! highten!or!intensify!the!experience!!− Be!able!to!define!“token!resistance”!in!your!own!words,!and!how!it!is!different!from!non\consent!!o “Token!Resistance”!occurs!when!someone!(usually!women)!resist!/!refuse!sex!when!they!actually!intend!to!engage!in!sex.!o Appearing!to!put!up!a!front,!when!in!actuality!they’re!inviting!the!domination!to!occur.!!o Basically!playing!hard\to\get!with!expectations/hopes!of!being!‘got’.!!o Part!of!a!“sexual!script”!o Blurs!the!line!of!consent!! Non\consent!is!actual!refusal!of!sex!and!clear!non\interest !in!e n g ag in g !in!it.!!!− Understand!how!norms!of!sexual!behavior!are!related!to!the!moral!order,!and!how!they!are!related!to!social!norms!of!gender!!o Moral!order!is!the!behaviors,!attitudes,!and!objects!for!which!we!have!“venerable!respect”!o Norms!of!sexual!behavior!relate!to!the!moral!order!because!in!different!societies!they!determine!what!behavior!aligns!with!the!moral!order.!o Moral!order!of!sex!in!the!West!! Women:!The!Madonna!&!The!Whore!• “Lady!in!the!streets!and!a!freak!in!the!sheets”!• Moral!order:!women!are!respectable,!classy,!virtuous,!pure,!etc!in!society .!!! Men:!Power,!Strength,!Virility!(strong!sex!drive)!• The!same!traits!that!are!valued!in!the!public!are!the!same!that!are!valued!in!private!!− Know!how!men!and!women!tend!to!differ!in!terms!of!their!interest!in!sexual!activity!!o Men’s!Sexual!Interest!! Men!think!about!sex!more!often!! Tend!to!seek!out!sexual!contact!&!arousal!more!often!!! Tend!to!be!more!permissive!!! Arousals!are!more!direct!• Less!affected!by!contextual!factors!and!less!need!for!“buildup”!!o Female!Sexual!Interest!! Tend!to!be!interested!in!the!“buildup”!(even!need!it)!• Need!to!be!warmed!up!and!in!the!right!mood!for!sex!!! Tend!to!be!interested!in!sensual!&!feelings\based!sex!!− Know!the!major!components!of!the!definition!of!“fantasy,”!and!how!this!definition!can!be!related!to!pornography!!o Fantasy!! An!image!created!in!the!imagination !! An!unrealistic!and!impractic a l!idea!!! In!respo n s e !to !a n !ungratified'need!o Pornography,!in!most!cases,!is!exaggerat ed ,!u n re alis tic ,!an d !impractic al!images /v id eo s !in !re sp o n se !to !u n met!sexu a l!n ee d s!o r!d e s ires .!!!− Be!able!to!give!several!logical!reasons!for!the!use!of!pornography!–!that!is,!why!individua ls !u se !p o rn og ra p h y !o Individu a ls!watch!p o r n !b e ca u se !their!expectations!for!sex!are!not!aligning!with!reality,!so!they!turn!to!fan tas y!o Individu a ls!watch!p o r n !b e ca u se !they!enjo y !b eing!sexu ally !s timulated!o Individu a ls!watch!p o r n !b e ca u se !it!c a n !meet!the ir!f an t as ie s!!o Individu a ls!watch!p o r n !to !k ee p !t h eir !se x !life !h ea lthy!!− Understand!the!elements!of!the!pornography!fantasy!from!the!deviant’s!perspective,!and!how!gender!differences!in!use!can!be!explained!naturalistically!!o Sex!in!porn!is!uncomplicated!&!on!demand!! Women!are!“hungry!for!sex”,!want!it!badly,!and!will!do!anything!for!it!! It’s!purely !a b o u t!s ex !–!no!emotional!issues!or!complications!o Forbidden!or!deviant!variations!of!sex!can!be!explored!vicariously.!o Gender!Differences!=!Men!have!more!of!an!ungratified!need!for!sex!! They!already!think!about!sex!more!often!and!seek!out!sexual!arousal!more!often,!so!if!they!aren’t!getting!their!needs!met,!they!turn!to!their!fantasy!(exagg era ted !im ag es!in!re sp on se!to !un gratifie d!n eed s)!w


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