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African American Male-Female Relationships,Midterm Study Guide, p 1 of 2 pagesAfrican American Male-Female Relationships AAS 4030, SOC 4311MIDTERM EXAM--Study Guide—Spring, 2014You should be able to define, identity, and apply the concepts outlined under each topic below. The examwill cover required readings, and anything that was discussed in class. The exam for the most part willconsist of but may not be limited to multiple choice, matching & true/false questions (and will be on D2L).Theoretical Frameworks/Culture-Knox and Schacht–Chp. 1 Frameworks/Theories for approaching the study of relationships, marriage andfamilies; be able to apply the categories of choices- Social Exchange framework-views interaction and choices in terms of cost and profit- Theoretical Framework- a set of interrelated principles designed to explain a particular phenomenon- Utilitarism- individuals rationally weigh the rewards and costs associated with behavioral choices- Family life course developments framework- the stages and process of how families change overtime.- Structure function framework- emphasizes how marriage and family contribute to society- Feral Children- wild domesticated children thought to have been raised by animals- Conflict framework- the view that individuals in relationships compete for valuable resources- Symbolic Interaction Framework- views marriages and families as a symbolic worlds in which thevarious members give meaning to each other behaviors- Family Systems framework- views each member of the family as a part of a system and the family asa unit that develops norms of interaction- Feminist Framework- views marriage and family as contexts of inequality and oppression for women-Sobonfu Some’— (1) Know the underlying purpose/thesis of each chapter;- Chapter 1 spoke about the old ways and how things used to be done - Chapter 2 disscuss how important the spirit is in every aspect of a relationship- Chapter 3 embrace of the community (2) be able to identify and apply principles and examples in each chapter that Some gives to support hermain purpose/thesis. For example, - what she means by the “spirit of intimacy,”- the spirit connects them as one. To make a relationshipwork you have to be connected on a spiritual levels- and each chapter, “song of spirit,”- “embrace of community” – community is there to help you through tough times and be there foryou. -Wade Nobles–definition of culture, Lenski & Lenski–Socio-Cultural Evolution, Diop-Two Cradle Theory,other theories/concepts, e.g. CAIDS, Front-yard, back yard framework, What Maulana Karenga proposes,etc.Gender-Knox & Schacht—Gender definitionsAfrican American Male-Female Relationships,Midterm Study Guide, p 2 of 2 pages- Sex- the biological distinction between males and females- Gender- social construct which refers to the social and psychological characteristics - Intersexed individuals – those with mixed or ambiguous genitals- Socialization- the process through which we learn attitudes , values, belief, and behaviorsappropriate to the social positions we occupy- Gender Idenity- the psychological state of viewing oneself as a girl or boy, and later as a women orman- Transgender- a generic term for a person of one biological sex who displays charactertics of theother sex.- Cross- dresser- individuals who dress or present themselves in the gender of the other sex. - Transsexual –an individual with the biological and anatomical sex of one gender (for example –male) but the self –concept of the other sex (that Is female) - Gender roles- social norms which specify that socially appropriate behavior for females and malesin a society- Sex roles- roles defined by bilogival constrains and can be enacted by memebers of one biologicalsex only- for example- wet nurse, sperm donor, child-bearer- Gender role relationships between men and women in a society- Biosocial theory- also referred to as sociobiology, social behavior, are biologically based and havean evolutuionary survival function- Parental Investment- any investment by a parent that increases the offsprings chance of surving thusincreasing reproductive success- Occupational Sex Segregation- the concentration of women and men in different occupations- Feminization of poverty- the idea that women ( particually single mothers0 disproportionatelyexperience poverty- Sexism –an attitude,action, or instutional structure that suborinates or discriminates againsindividuals or groups because of their biological sex- Benevolent sexism- the belief that women are innocent creatures who should be protected andsupported- Female genital alteration- cutting of the clitoris or excising the labia minora-Theories on gender development, - Biosocial- behavior is due to evolutionary survival- Parent investment- what investment a parent puts into a child determine an offspring chances tosurvive; investment consist of time and money- Social learning – emphasis the roles of reward and punishment in explaining how a child learnsgender role behavior- Identification- Freud Suggest that children acquire the character tics and behaviors of their same sexparent through a process of identification. Girls identify with their mother and boys identify withtheir fathers- Cognitive development- reflects a blend of biological and social learning views. The biologicalreediness of a child, influences how the child responds to gender cues in their environment. Negative and positive consequences of traditional gender socializationMalesAfrican American Male-Female Relationships,Midterm Study Guide, p 3 of 2 pagesNegative Consequences Positive Consequences Identify tied to work role Higher income and occupational statusLimited emotionally More positive self conceptFear of intimacy; more lonely Less Job DiscriminationDisadvantage of getting custody Freedom of movement, more partners to select from,more normative to initiate relationshipsShorter life (by five years) Happier MarriageFemalesNegative Consequences Positive ConsequencesLess income (more dependent) Longer life (five years)Feminization of poverty Stronger relationship focusHigher STD/HIV infection risk Keep relationships on trackNegative body image Bonding with childrenLess personal/ martial satisfaction Identify not tied to jobs-Dixon (Chapman)--Differential rearing practices of mothers African

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