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Diagrams: Language: 3 parts 1.form:-Syntax-Morphology-Phonology 2. Use:Pragmatics3. Content:SemanticsLarynx:Questions you should be able to answer based on what was learned this semester: Audiology: -The results of a pure tone-hearing test are recorded on a graph called: audiogram -The external ear is also known as the: pinna-Otitis media is the most common cause of sensiorineral hearing loss in children: false it is conductive -The organ of corti is attached to what membrane: basilar - What is the number one cause of acquired sensorineural hearing loss in adults: presbycusis -The tube running from the middle ear to the upper portion of the pharynx and this is responsible for pressure of equalization is: Eustachian tube -What are inserted into the eardrums to take over the function of the Eustachian tubes: pressure equalization tubes - Which model of hearing aid is most commonly used for children: BTE -Ossicular disarticulation results in what type of hearing loss: conductive -This device in an option for a profoundly deaf person for whom hearing aids provide no benefit: cochlear implant - Which assistive device is most commonly used in the classroom: FM system - A sensourineural hearing loss with a 4000 Hz notch is a symptom of what type of hearing loss: noise induced Typical and disordered communication:- The rules of language compose it’s: grammar - Of the following the term that is related to language use is: pragmatics - The theoretical rules which govern the production of speech sounds within a language are called: phonologyAnatomy and physiology: - The brain consists of the cerebellum cerebrum and: brain stem -Cranial nerves are part of the: peripheral nervous system - Muscles of exhalation are located primarily in the abdominal region - The primary function of the vocal folds is speech production: false it is to keep food out of area and protect airways -What cartilage is the largest laryngeal cartilage: thyroid - The velum is also called the: soft palate Communication development:-Non-random syllable strings in which adjacent and successive syllables are not identical are called: variegated babbling - From approximately 8 to 12 months infants produce an immediate vocal imitation of another speaker called: echolalia Assessment and intervention:- When communication disorders are categorized by etiology this means the categories are based on: cause - When toddlers omit final consonants or reduce the number of syllables in a word: they demonstrate phonological processes Childhood language impairments:-What percent of the population have mental retardation: 2.5 percent -A learning disability is the result of: central nervous system dysfunction -sli is seen primarily among: preschoolers ( sli means specific language disorder) -The area most effected by autism spectrum disorders is: relational abilities -The predication of an outcome of a disorder is a: prognosis -The purpose of the oral facial examination is to determine that the physical structures Involved in speech: unimpaired and function adequately -The American speech language hearing association considers communication dialects to be: communication n -The arrangement of words in a sentence is syntax-A test that is designed to evaluate an individual’s mastery of particular skills is considered: criterion referenced - The form of language is composed of the following components: morphology’s, phonology and syntax - 90 percent of adult syntax is acquired by the age of: 5 (kindergarten)- mlu refers to a child’s: mean length of utterance -Automatic involuntary motor or vocal patterns are called: reflexes - Mary will demonstrate age appropriate expressive language skills an example of: long-term goal - John will follow three step related direction in an unstructured activity with 80 percent accuracy given minimal cues example of: short-term goal - A child with a traumatic brain injury may exhibit deficits in which of the following aspects: hemiparesis on the left side of the bodyAdult language impairments: - If an adult experiences a right brain injury they may experience: hemiparesis on the left side of their body - Secondary swelling dye to increased neurofluid following tbi is called: edema - What are the most obvious changes that accompany Alzheimer’s: memory - Aphasia results from: localized brain damage - Severity of aphasia is related to: age of injury, location and extent- The recovery pattern of tbi individuals is characterized by: step like plateaus Fluency:- Examples of secondary stutter behaviors are: body movements and blinking / twitching- -Stuttering is fully developed in bloodsteins phase: four - Indirect therapy approaches: model slow and relaxed speech - The prevalence of stuttering is approximately one percent in the us - The cause of stuttering is: unknown- Primary characteristics of stuttering include: word repeating, elongationsVoice: - Variations in vocal pitch and loudness not under voluntary control are: tremor - Esophageal speech may be used: after removal of the larynx - The perception of two vocal fundamental frequencies is: diplophonia - A vocal polyp that has a stalk- like connection to the vocal fold is: predunculated - Prior to initiating voice therapy ----- evaluation must be completed: ENT otolaryngolic - Vocal nodules are usually the result of: misuse and abuse to vocal folds Articulation and phonology:- Dysarthria’s are speech problems due to: neuromuscular impairment - Which of the following is not a generalization we can make about speech sounds acquisition: consonant blend are acquired by age 3 - Bilabial phonemes involve constriction in the area of the: lips - Is estimated that what percent of children who exhibit multiple speech sounds errors also have general expressive language impairment: 60 percent - Intelligibility refers to a persons: ability to be understood by others Phonemes: -Manner of /f/: fricative Place of /b/: bilabial Manner of /m/: nasal Voicing of /k/: unvoiced Place of /h/: glottal Voicing of /z/:


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UB CDS 151 - Audiology

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