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CMLT277 Final Exam ReviewMAGICAL REALISM: blurs imagined and reality; suggesting that imagined or perceived should be seen as just as powerful and meaningful as tangible and real; belief in imagined concept/image as reality that can arrest you; just like memory- - Nelson’s definition: A counter movement that was developed by a vast group of Latin American artists who saw the Latin American reality from another (intentionally a vague term) point of view, and put reality under constant interrogation.*Novels/FilmsOscar Wao- Oscar Wao does not possess qualities of typical Dominican man and he suffers/is an outcast throughout his entire life because of this.o Themes Masculinity - Even at age 7 mother tells him to hit girl for respect Hope - Mongoose and zafa History - Cane fields Inhumanity of man to man - faceless man; comes around when fuku is present, lives are in dangerThe Inhabited Woman- Lavinia exemplifies the struggles that women have gone through in order to reach a point of equality with their male counterparts. This struggle is shown to the reader through Lavinia’s attempts to make conditions better for the lower class by joining the Movement and working against the Faguas government. Throughout her time in the Movement, Lavinia, motivated by Itza’s presence in her blood, develops from a very timid girl into a strong woman that takes on tasks and responsibilities.- Would be read as a triumph for women if Itza’s blood was not inside of Lavinia, making her act in the ways that she did, and if Felipe was not the gun that kept Lavinia safe.- Symbols-o Felipe: male dominance (early in novel); compatibility between the genders (later in the novel) Lavinia’s gun: her reliance on Felipeo Itza: female power; potential for women; still objectifies women b/c of her fulfillment of “typical” women tasks o Orange tree: renewal of life (woman-centered text); cycleF of recreation; restoration of the past; mixture of two cultures/absorption of lessons learned from the pasto Sara: attitudes that hold women back (feels comfortable in her domestic realm, is fine only being in charge of small things in the house)Like Water For Chocolate- Tita is unable to marry Pedro because of the Mexican tradition that she, as the youngest daughter, must stay single and care for her mother until death. Pedro marries Rosaura, Tita’s sister, to stay as close as possible to her. Dr. John Browncares for Roseaura’s newborns and later Tita after a breakdown due to her mother’s abuse. He then wishes to marry Tita but says he will support her either way. Eventually, at the wedding of Esperanza and Dr. Brown’s daughter, Pedro and Tita are reunited and make love in a romantic atmosphere. Pedro dies after experiencingpassionate sex, and after that Tita eats matches one by one until she also bursts intoflames and the lovers are consumed by fire. (like the story Dr. Brown told about there being a book of matches inside of everyone and true love provides oxygen for the fire but warns that we must not light all the matches at once or we will return towhere we came from when we were born) The whole ranch burns except for Tita’s cookbook. Narrator turns out to be Esperanza’s daughter.o Themes: Tears – Tita’s deep emotional connections (sadness & being deeply moved) Tradition – family legacy of the De la Garza’s; cooking, keeping youngest child single Food/Cooking - food as a means of communication; to convey Tita’s emotions to others (one dish- passion for Pedro; another dish- longing/sadness to wedding guests); also convey family history; kitchen is also sight of birth, heritage, and nourishment; Tita’s cookbook is all that survives passionate fire*Short StoriesKrik! Krak? *Children of the Sea- Man, who is off at sea on a journey to Miami, and a woman, who is at home with her family trying to survive, write each other in hopes of being reconnected. The man writes of the horrors of leaving his homeland, while the woman writes about the atrocities that she faces at sea. Story of faith, love.- Suffering (especially between parent and child)o Celianne has a stillborn daughter on the boat. She throws herself and the child overboard.o Madan Roger’s son is killed and then she is killed by the Macoutes because of son’s involvement with Youth Federation. Shows the lack of freedom that the citizens were given.- Hopeo Two young lovers are writing to one another in the hopes that they will one day be able to reunite. They cannot be together now because the man is migrating to Miami to get away from the trouble in his native land. Regardless of hopeo People went to the air ports in hopes the old president will return.o Colorful butterflies bring good news.o Boat represents failed hope. Using bathroom on boat reminds man of how people used to do it on slave ships.o Hope as the biggest weapon- Escapeo Male lover and the other people on the boat are trying to get away from the oppressive government in their homeland in search for a better life. Accepting risk in search of a better life (accepted the idea of dyingo Those staying in the island are much more prudent about the opportunity for change; land provides much less opportunity for escape, represents stagnancy. Water symbolizes uncertainty, constant change/opportunity The risk of water vs. the hope of water Water gives the people hope for what they can achieve in Miami. Very risky; basically leads to the boat’s destruction - Two nameless narrators are in love and write each other letters they will never read.The female narrator is angry that her father opposes their love, but she finds out he gave up all his possessions to protect her from the macoutes. The male narrator, also a member, has fled Haiti. In his boat is a pregnant teenager, Célianne, who was raped by a macoute. Days after her baby dies, she throws it and herself overboard. The female narrator sees a black butterfly and knows the male narrator has died too.o Symbols- children/babes= innocence, life, hope for future; butterfly= news, metamorphosis, change; fluids (blood, water, tears, semen, sweat, ink)*Nineteen Thirty-Seven- Narrated by Josephine, whose mother is imprisoned as a witch. Hours before Josephine’s birth, her mother swam across a blood-filled river to Haiti from the Dominican Republic, where Haitians were slaughtered, including Josephine’s grandmother. When Josephine visits her increasingly frail mother, she never


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UMD CMLT 277 - Final Exam Review

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