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Gero Notes 2/24 – 2/26Chronic Conditions with Age:** Heart disease is the #1 killer of women in America-Cancer60% of new cancers & 70% of cancer related deaths occur in people 65+- Older women  breast cancer- Older men  prostate cancerFor survivors, cancer can be chronic rather than life threatening in some cases.- There is a greater risk for cancer with older age  it becomes more difficult to diagnose-Arthritis** Second most common chronic disease- Rheumatiod Arthritis: inflammation of joints and tendons Symptoms: pain, swelling, bone dislocation- Osteo Arthritis: Gradual degeneration of the joints of the hands, knees, hips, shoulders. Most common in women 85+ Related to heredity / lifestyle (obesity, occupational stress, wear&tear on joints Therapies  anti-inflammatory drugs, exercise, heat/cold-Osteoporosis: extreme form of bone loss. More common in women Small stature / low body weight Greatest bone loss occurs during/after menopause Related to deficiencies in calcium, vitamin D, estrogen depletion, lack of exercise Treatment  meds, exercise, HRT (hormone replacement therapy): HRT may lead to an increased risk of breast cancer, heart disease, and stroke- Preventing Osteoporosis: bone density scan, increase calcium intake daily, increase vitamin D intake, weight bearing exercise (walking) NO SMOKING-Diabetes: Above normal glucose levels in blood and urine.- Inability to create or effectively use insulin* Type One: body cannot make insulin* Type Two: (most common) body doesn’t properly use insulinDiabetes is common all across the lifespan not just in old age- Treatment: medication, healthy diet, exercise- Prediabetes: blood glucose is higher than normal but lower than the diabetes range- Symptoms: increased thirst/hunger, fatigue, increased urination, weight loss, blurred vision, slow healing of sores- Serious complications: stroke, blindness, kidney disease, limb loss** symptoms may not show up in older adults- Prevention: regular exercise, reduce fat/caloric intake, lose little weight, monitor BPRole of Health Behaviors:- Leading causes of death  smoking, poor diet, lack of physical activity, alcohol- Healthy diet  under and overweight people have the highest mortality rate Obesity: increased risk of chronic disease Exercise can slow aging rate  improved immune functioning, decreased fall rates, maintains functional capacityImplications for Older Drivers:- Driving is important for maintaining independence- Older adults are at an increased risk for car accidents- Experiences changes in hand/eye coordination- Slower reaction time- Impaired vision (especially at night)- Hearing impairments- Declined attention- Declined physical strength (air bag may cause serious injuries)Aura of Survivorship:- Older adults who enter later life in still relatively good health, the robust oldest-old- Robust oldest old  physically active, free of disability,


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KSU GERO 14029 - Lecture notes

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