Unformatted text preview:

First Exam Material- Olmeco Early Formative: 1500-900BC Colossal Head with Jaguar Paws- San Lorenzo- Deep set drilled features, dimples- jaguar paws on head represent a pelt ruler wore- Olmec trend of recycling altars into heads, belief that the soul resides in the head Wooden Figures- El Manati- Abstract features, individualistic features, probably carved on top of wooden staff The Prince- Seated on knees, wears headdress with deep set features Hero Twins- El Azuzul- Identical figures kneeling forward, grasping short staff, headdress alludes to rain godo Middle Formative: 800-600BC Basalt Tomb- La Venta- Basalt sarcophagi buried in court; laid out with pyramids astronomically Mosaic Mask- La Venta- Abstract mask buried underground; tassels on chin, cleft on head- Ritual of hidden architecture- buried at sunken north court  Altar 5- La Venta- Could be throne abandoned during transition to colossal head; 3 dimensional figure rises from niche with limp infant in lap- sign of legitimate descent or heir  The Wrestler- Antonio Plaza - Free standing sculpture, diagonal line of back, individualized  Offering 4 from Basalt Courtyard- La Venta- 6 celts and 15 jade and serpentine figures set out so one figure from base stone faces other figures from precious stones- Celts placed behind mock columns- could be recreation of real event; offering was buried then reburied  Kunz Axe- Oaxaca- In form of an axe head made of translucent jade- Were-jaguar howling infant motif with squinted eyes and open toothless mouth o Late Formative: 300BC-100AD- Zapoteko Monte Alban: 500-200BC Ball Court- Slanted walls used to bounce balls, audience sat on platform at end Temple of the Danzantes, Building L- Slabs carved with dancers, naked and mutilated with closed eyes- suggests they were prisoners of war being sacrificed (used to show Zapotek power) Tomb 104- Ceramic figure in niche above entryway- wears rain god headdress- Figures attend to frontal cult images and gesture to niche to direct offeringo Lambityeco: 600-700AD (Zapotek Classic) Tomb 6 with Lord 4 and Lady 10 Heads- Heads are portraits of individuals in tomb- unidealized and realistic with wrinkles- Names are inscribed and allusions to ball court in dress- Heads framed by double scapillary niches Stucco Mask of Cocijo Rain God- Mask is on entrance of elite residence; thin stucco represents rain god - Eyes framed with goggles and a thick plate in nose connected to lower part Palace Frieze with Stucco Figures- Friezes that represent leaders- male figure horizontal holding a femur, pointed beard- Female figure is in same position wit Zapotek ribbon hairdo o Atzompa  Zapotek Tomb Pyramid- 650-850AD- First painted motifs in funerary context- no humans, just ritual of the ballgame ending in sacrifice; standalone structure near Ballcourt  Tomb Mural Paintings from Ballcourt- Repeated black dots and I shape; could be in the shape of the ballcourt Funerary Face Vase- Painted ceramic, likely an offering and contained human remains  Zapotek Funerary Urns- 200BC-800AD- Found in tombs of high ranking lords, powerful figures on offering vessels; chest ornament represents ancestor’s day in 260-day calendar - Teotihuacano Pyramid of the Sun- 200ADo Pyramid of the Moon- 200ADo Temple of the Feathered Serpento Great Goddess Sculptureo Stone Masks- 200-750ADo Alabaster Figure- 200-750ADo Ceramic Censor- 400-600ADo Old God Effigy Vase- 200-750ADo Blackware Lid with Owl- 650-750ADo Ceramic Host Figures with Figurines- 750ADo Frescoed Tripod Vessels- 550-650ADo Tlalocan Mural Paintings of Great Goddess- 400-700AD- Classic Veracruzo El Tajin: <600AD Pyramid of the Niches Sacrificial Relief on South Ballcourt Decapitated Ballplayer o Reptile/Toad Yokeo Palma Bird Figureo Seated Figure or Ballplayero Fire God Seated Figureo Figure with Rattle- Les Remojadas Second Exam MaterialMayan- Preclassic: 800BC-250ADo Guatemala Izapa Stone and Altar: 300-100BC- Shows transition to Mayan style  Leiden Plaque: 320AD- Jade celt that refers to the rule of a king and a specific dateo El Mirador El Mirador Staircase: 300BC-150AD- Double register and four indents with decorative heads- framed by stucco masks of jaguar gods or gods of the underworldo Kaminaljuyu Stela II, Warrior in Bird Costume: 250 BC- Large headdress and costume with feathers- warrior or deity, supernatural figure descending from top of stone  El Baul and La Democracia Colossal Heads, Monte Alto: 300BC-300AD- Reminiscent of San Lorenzo heads; closed eyes, no helmet or iconography, face is puffy and swollen depicting someone deceased - Classic: 250-900ADo Tikal Temple of the Great Jaguar: 250-600- 9 levels make it a Mayan Icon because of the 9 levels of Mayan underworld- Has roof cone to enlarge the structure vertically- would have had stucco connecting levels Temple II: 300-900- Short, three levels with roof cone- burial place for ruler’s wife perhaps- Corbel vault supports roof comb, only suitable over narrow spaces Curl Nose from Teotihuacan: 425- Tikal attacked by Teotihuacan, throne in front of structure- was a real person with glyph of name on it (free standing relief sculpture) Stormy Sky: 445- Curl nose’s son- ruler in profile in elaborate ritual attire with accompanying hieroglyphs Jade Funerary Mask- Shows imperfects and drooping eyes- would have been worn by dead who resembled it  Jade Funerary Vessels- Cylindrical vases with human heads on top, found in Temple I; could be young maize god or ruler  Fire God Censor: 340- Lord of the underworld, shown as old and toothless, sitting on stool of femurs; severed head in hands and has head spout for incense burning  Maya Bird Bowl: 500- Tripod vessel- body is bowl, fish is in mouth; funerary theme relates to afterlife  Wooden Man of Tikal: 500- Kneeling posture wearing sarong and collar, could be a ruler o Quirigua Stela D- Frontal depicture of a ruler with detailed, multiple headdresses Zoomorph P, the Great Turtle- Religious/political- ruler on back seated with glyphs, could have been used as a throneo Copan Reconstruction of Rosalila: 571- Building with painted red exterior and sculpture reliefs of gods in headdresses on the outside- scroll motifs and swirls on registers Hieroglyph Staircase: 700s- Built by Ruler 13 as a commemoration- slight talud tablero Bacab from Temple II: 600-900- Shows imperfections and wrinkles with


View Full Document

UMD ARTH 335 - Study Guide

Documents in this Course
Load more
Download Study Guide
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Study Guide and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Study Guide 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?