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Keywords for EXAM ONECommunication: The process of creating and sharing meaning through these of symbols. On going activity (silence, storming out of a room…)Symbols: Words, images, gestures, and expressions we use to represent out thoughts, ideas, beliefs, andfeelings.Rhetoric: The are of effective or persuasive speaking or writing.The Process of CommunicationTwo or more communicatorsInitiator: (Sender) One who begins the communication process by generating a message. Interpreter: (Receiver) One who perceives and attempts to understand a message.One or more messagesEncoding: the initiation and creating of a message as a communicator translates ideas, thoughts, and feelings into symbolsMessage: Symbolic expressions of ideas, thoughts, and feelings that can be verbal, nonverbal, or both.Verbal Communication: Messages expressed through a formal language and the language can be oral, written, or signed.Oral Communication: Less formal than written, more interactive, and more personal.Nonverbal Communication: Messages expressed through symbols other than words (hands, facial, touching, vocal inflection, clothing).Decoding: Interpretation of a message by deciphering symbols into understandable and meaningful ideas thoughts and feelings.Self: Total composite of a persons personally and experiences and identity.One or more communication channelsChannel: The mediums that carry messages between communicatorsSpecificity: Refers to the ability of a channel to focus or customize the message for particular individuals Can deliver a unique message to each communicatory.Richness: refers to the number of verbal and nonverbal cues or modes of communication that the channel carries.Interactivity: Facilitate rapid feedback of a message and allow the communicator to respond immediately to the message.Noise: Anything that interferes with the creation of shared meaning between communicators.Internal Noise: Physiological need or psychological characteristics interfere in the communication process. Within one of the communicators or channels.External Noise: Interference in the environment surrounding the communicators or channels.Feedback: A response or reaction to a message. It tells us if our messages are being interpreted as intended.Context: Is the environment surrounding the communication process?Physical Setting: The setting can have a profound impact on the communication situation. Depending on where you sit in class and if you enjoy the lecture.Communicative Setting: Refers to the number of communicator, the type of relationship, and the nature of the interaction.Intrapersonal Communication: Communication with ones self. Talking and evendisagreeing with yourself at times.Interpersonal Communication: Interaction among a small number of people and is characterized by more personal and individualized communication.Small Group Communication: 3-7 people who communicate over time to accomplish some goal or purpose.Public Communication: Interaction with larger numbers of people. Public speaking.Mediated Communication: Communication using some form of technology and includes communication by means of television, radio, film, books, newspaper, and Internet.Culture: Everything that makes up ones way of life, including shared values, knowledge, behaviors, and symbolic.Co-Culture: Cultures within a culture. Reflect both connections to and distinction from the dominant culture.The Dynamic Elements of Communication: Transactional communication: Communicators initiate and interpret messages simultaneously.Content Level of Communication: Is the level of a message that is the substance or purpose for the communication.Relationship Level of Communication: The level of the message that established the nature of connection between communicators. Civility: Can be reduced to simple politeness. It also means accepting others as equal partners in reaching common goals. Ethics: Refers to the principles that guide our decisions about what is good or bad, right or wrong. Determining whether our actions are consistent with our values.HonestyAppropriateness: responding in ways that fit the communication context.Perspective Taking: Is the ability to consider behavior from someone else’s point of view.Self-Monitoring: The ability to see, thing about, and act based on the consequences of your behavior.High Self-Monitor: A person who behaves/communicates appropriately for a situation.Low Self-Monitor: A person who does not change behavior to fit the people or situation. They act the same way no matter what.Verbal Language: The systematic use of words and symbols to create and convey meaning. Written and oral both use verbal language. Oral can convey more meaning and significance.Symbolic Nature of Words: They represent ideas or objects that allow us to talk about them. Symbols allow us to talk about things that do not exist. Example: Thomas Jefferson is symbolic but is not present.Arbitrary Nature of Words: They have no direct connection to the objects they represent. Different parts of the world may have a different word for something. Example: American-Library France-Bibliothèque Ambiguous Nature of Words: Their meanings are not always clear, and a wide variety of interpretations are sometimes possible. Example: “Oh he passed,” well he could have passed on a job, passed away, or made it to the next round of an interview. Changeable Nature of Words: Words change based on social, political, and cultural contexts, and the historical time in which they are used. Example: Gay-happy or whom you love.Appropriated: Borrowing words from another language. Example: the word Barbecue is Arawak, alcohol-Arabic, and Yogurt-Turkish.Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis: Our thoughts are influenced by the words that we know and the patterns of the language that are dominant in our culture. The more words we know, the easier it is to convey a message, sending and receiving.Denotation: The most concrete, specific, and objective meaning of a word. Is the most widely shared meaning of a word.Concrete: Words that have a clear denotative meaning. Example: Alligator, lamp, chair. Only one meaning for each item.Connotation: Refers to the meanings of words based in specific individual or cultural experiences or values. Example: Green can refer to eco, money, or sick. Blue can represent the color and sadness.Abstract: Words that have no physical referent; they refer to thoughts, theories, or feelings.Abstraction Ladder: Everyday items can take

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CSU COM 101 - Exam 1

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