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ISU ART 155 - Unit 1- Study Terms

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UNIT 1: PREHISTORIC ARTSTUDY TERMS AND OBJECTSVOCABULARYPaleolithic: - paleo-old lithic-stone old stone age 2,000,000-2000 B.C.- Majority comes from mainland Europe - Mountains and caves - Art will be anything that was modified by humans (intervention of human being in that space)- Stone tools or bone Relief Sculpture:- Two Bison sculpture is an example - Attached to a greater object for example an outcropping/existing rock - It is coming out of something else and is not sculpted all the way around Sculpture in the round:- Sculpted all the way around, free object Naturalism:- Instead of realistic, does it resemble nature Abstraction:- Something that has been abstracted- Example: beard of the bison Megalith:- Mega stone- Architecture made from large stones Post and Lintel Construction: - The use of vertical and horizontal elements ART OBJECTSHuman with feline head, from Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany- Upper paleolithic- 11 5/8 inches high - Mammoth ivory, trunk looks like human, male, the head is softly carved - Hybrid creator - Must have been sacred or valuable due to the time it would have taken to make it Two Bison, from Le Tue d’Audoubert Cave, Ariège, France- Upper paleolithic - 13000 BC- Made from clay and 23 in long Venus of Willendorf, from Willendorf, Austria- Object of sexuality- Limestone - 4 ¼ inches high - 28,000-25,000 BC- upper paleolithic - Head was abstracted into hair like pattern or cap- Artist doesn’t want you to see arms personality and face because they have been reduced- Luxury and wealth are shown by a more voluptuous build - A lot less to do with sex and more an ideal for what a good female body should have looked like to birth a baby - Good luck charmLascaux Cave, “Hall of Bulls,” “Rhinoceros, wounded man, and disemboweled bison”- The most famous cave discovered - Caves were not used as homes- A large hall is covered with bulls - A documentation of the pathways of the animals in the region- Ritual performance going on with the paintings- Very long standing type of painting - Disemboweled bison is at the back of the cave system o Next to the bison is a representation of human form with a chicken on the stick Chauvet Cave- upper paleolithic - hand signatures to mark presence- oldest ever discovered - includes negative and positive space- handprint is negative space and palm marks are positive spaceStonehenge- Was originally nestled in a forest - Neolithic period - Largest stones are 24 ft high - Name originates from an Anglo-Saxon word meaning stones that hang- Now means stone circle - Stones were most likely dragged to form the

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