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Chapter 10

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1. Can Christian theology do without Jesus Christ?No because Jesus Christ is understood as the “image of the invisible God.” If you took out Jesus Christ from Christian theology we would just be talking about God and not seeing what God is like. 2. Explore the background and significance of one of the major New Testament titles for Jesus. What are the implications of speaking of Jesus in this way?In the Old Testament the term “Son of Man” was used for three main contexts: a form of address to the prophet Ezekiel, refer to a future eschatological figure whose coming signals the end of history and the coming of divine judgment; and to emphasize the contrast between the lowliness and the frailty of human nature and the elevated states or permanence of God and theangels. In the New Testament argued that Jesus and “Son of Man” as one figure. Others also argue that it associates with suffering, vindication, and judgment, making it natural to apply to Jesus. 3. Summarize the main points of difference between the Alexandrian and Antiochene approaches to Christology.4. What theological insights are linked with the belief that Jesus Christ is “God incarnate”? A Gnostic notion believed that matter was evil and sinful, so that redemption was a purely spiritual affair. Germanus said that, “I represent God, the invisible one, not as invisible, but insofar as God has become visible for us by participation in flesh and blood.” They are not worshiping any created object, but the creator God who had chosen to redeem humanity. Recently the idea of the incarnation as God’s substantial presenc is used to emphasize the importance of relating the Christian faith to cultural context through becoming “incarnate” within culture. 5. What is meant by speaking of Jesus Christ as “the mediator” between God and humanity?Since Jesus is both true God and true man he is the only mediator that can restore the relationship between god and humans. 6. Why did the “quest for the historical Jesus” get under way? What new questions did this raise? Do you think they were answered?There was an argument called the “Age of Reason,” the rationalist assumptions of this era gave rise to suspicion of an idea of a specific human having privileged insights or status. So they went behind Christian tradition and the New Testament, to uncover a simpler, more plausible view of Jesus Christ, with the values of the “Age of Reason.” The first quest to find the religious personality of Jesus, the second quest was to stress the continuity between the historical Jesus and the Christ of faith, and the third quest focused on the Jewishness of Jesus and the necessity of understanding him in the context of first century Judaism. I think they were answered, but you anyone can interpret the answers in a different


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