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UB MGB 301 - Emotions and Moods

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Slide 1After studying this chapter you should be able to:Why Were Emotions Excluded from OB Study?Affect, Emotions, and MoodsThe Basic EmotionsThe Basic Moods: Positive and Negative AffectExperiencing Moods and EmotionsThe Function of Emotions and MoodsSources of Emotions and MoodsSources of Emotions and MoodsMore SourcesEven More SourcesEmotional LaborFelt vs. Displayed EmotionsAffective Events TheoryAffective Events TheoryEmotional IntelligenceEmotional IntelligenceEmotion RegulationOB Applications of Emotions and MoodsMore OB Applications of Emotions and MoodsEven More OB Applications of Emotions and MoodsImplications for ManagersChapter 4Emotions and MoodsAfter studying this chapter you should be able to:1. Differentiate between emotions and moods.2. Discuss whether emotions are rational and what functions they serve.3. Describe the validity of potential sources of emotions and moods. 4. Show the impact emotional labor has on employees.5. Describe affective events theory and its applications. 6. Contrast the evidence for and against the existence of emotional intelligence.7. Identify strategies for emotion regulation and their likely effects. 8. Apply concepts about emotions and moods to specific OB issues.4-2Why Were Emotions Excluded from OB Study?•Historically, emotions in the workplace were thought to be detrimental•Managers tried to create emotion-free organizations•This thinking is changingSome emotions hinder performance, some are neutral, and some are constructive 4-3Affect, Emotions, and MoodsCopyright ©2016 Pearson Education, Inc. 4-4The Basic Emotions•Six universal emotions1. Anger2. Fear3. Sadness4. Happiness5. Disgust6. Surprise4-5The Basic Moods: Positive and Negative Affect•Positive affect: a mood dimension consisting of positive emotions such as excitement, enthusiasm, and elation at the high end (high positive affect) and boredom, depression, and fatigue at the low end (low positive affect)•Negative affect: a mood dimension consisting of nervousness, stress, and anxiety at the high end (high negative affect) and contentedness, calmness, and serenity at the low end (low negative affect) 4-6Experiencing Moods and Emotions•Positive moods are somewhat more common than negative moodsPositivity offset: at zero input, most people experience a mildly positive mood 4-7The Function of Emotions and Moods•Emotions and Rationality Emotions are critical to rational thought: they help us understand the world around us•Emotions and Ethics New research suggests that ethical behavior may be based to some degree on emotions and feelings4-8Sources of Emotions and Moods•Personality Some people experience certain moods and emotions more frequently than others•Time of dayPeople vary in their moods by time of day•Day of the weekPeople tend to be in their best mood on the weekend4-9Sources of Emotions and Moods4-10Time-of-Day Effects on Moods of U.S. Adults as Rated from Twitter PostingsMore Sources•StressIncreased stress worsens moods•Social ActivitiesPhysical, informal, and epicurean activities increase positive mood•SleepLack of sleep increases negative emotions and impairs decision making4-11Even More Sources•Exercise Mildly enhances positive mood•Age Older people experience negative emotions less frequently•Sex Women show greater emotional expression, experience emotions more intensely, and display more frequent expressions of emotionsCould be due to socialization4-12Emotional Labor•Emotional labor: an employee’s expression of organizationally desired emotions during interpersonal transactions at work•Emotional dissonance: when an employee has to project one emotion while simultaneously feeling another4-13Felt vs. Displayed Emotions•Felt Emotions: The individual’s actual emotions•Displayed Emotions: The learned emotions that the organization requires workers to show and considers appropriate in a given jobSurface Acting - hiding one’s true emotionsDeep Acting - trying to change one’s feelings based on display rules4-14Affective Events Theory•How do emotions and moods influence job performance and satisfaction?•Affective events theory (AET): employees react emotionally to things that happen to them at work, and this reaction influences their job performance and satisfaction4-15Affective Events Theory4-16Affective Events TheoryEmotional Intelligence•Emotional intelligence: a person’s ability to:Perceive emotions in the self and othersUnderstand the meaning of these emotionsRegulate one’s emotions in a cascading model4-17Emotional Intelligence4-18A Cascading Model of Emotional IntelligenceEmotion Regulation•Emotion regulation: identifying and modifying the emotions you feel•Effective emotion regulation techniques include: Acknowledging emotional responses to situationsVenting4-19OB Applications of Emotions and Moods•Selection – Employers should consider EI a factor in hiring for jobs that demand a high degree of social interaction•Decision Making – Positive emotions can increase problem-solving skills and help us understand and analyze new information•Creativity – Positive moods and feedback may increase creativity4-20More OB Applications of Emotions and Moods•Motivation – Promoting positive moods may give a more motivated workforce•Leadership – Emotions help convey messages more effectively•Negotiation – Emotions may impair negotiator performance•Customer Service – Customers “catch” emotions from employees, called emotional contagion•“BODY LANGUAGE”4-21Even More OB Applications of Emotions and Moods•Job Attitudes – Emotions at work get carried home but rarely carry over to the next day•Deviant Workplace Behaviors – Those who feel negative emotions are more likely to engage in deviant behavior at work•Safety and Injury at Work – Bad moods can contribute to injuries on the job 4-22Implications for Managers•Recognize that emotions are a natural part of the workplace and good management does not mean creating an emotion-free environment•To foster creative decision making, creativity, and motivation in employees, model positive emotions and moods as much as is authentically possible•In the service sector, encourage positive displays of emotion, which make customers feel more positive and thus improve customer service interactions and negotiations•Managers who understand the role of

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