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UIUC CLCV 224 - Lecture Prep #1

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Jon Solomon, Allen SmithCLCV 224, Fall 2020Lecture Prep #11)Solon - 6th Century BC - Eunomia:Solon states that ancient slavery came into the city out of civil ‘stasis’ (strife) and war,which robbed many children of their ‘cherished youth’ (child labor), and the city isthen divided where the slave’s outfit bears ‘public wickedness.’ The ‘evil’ (the rich)and a bad constitution is the reason why slavery came to be, as per Solon. He statesthat a bad constitution (‘Dysnomia’) brings civil turmoil whereas a good constitution(‘Eunomia’) shows ‘order’ and ‘collaboration’ and it attached ‘shackles’ around aboutwrong doings.Plutarch – 100 AD – Life of Julius Caesar 15.2-3:Plutarch commends Julius Caesar by highlighting his victories in battles and hisachievements surpasses all the great generals of his time and before. He took by stormhundreds of cities and nations and fought battles at different times with millions ofmen and taking as many prisoners for slavery.Columella - 4–70 AD/CE – De Re Rustica 1.8:Columella talks about the ethics of being a good ‘overseer’ (slave owners). He goeson to talking about how overseers should react and behave in certain situations and ina certain manner in order to receive the full fruitfulness of his servants. He talks abouthow an overseer should pick out certain servants with respect to their intellect,physical build, and the skills they possess. He also mentions to talks rather familiarlywith the servants, making it a ‘practice’ to call them into consultation on any newwork as the servants being part of the process tend to work more diligently. Salvian – 405 – On the Government of God 4.3:Salvian takes an empathetic approach towards slavery, firstly stating that slaves whoare thieves are usually forced into robbery out of ‘need’ (out of survival instincts). Aman steals to satisfy his ‘soul’. Furthermore, he extends this to slaves who run awaystating that because of their wretched conditions and the punishments they have to gothrough they want to escape. They are ‘beaten and broken down by them all’. At timesthere are cases where slaves are driven out of homes because of politics with thefellow slaves. He states that those who are rich and noble (slave owners) ought to‘honor’ God by treating the servants in a ‘harmless’ manner.2) There are several similarities that I see in the works being presented. In all of the works, theauthors and stressed on treating the slaves with empathy and treating them ‘right’ (harmless).Furthermore, all works also stress on that in order for a servant to be a good servant, themaster has to be a good master. All works also mention putting ‘shackles’ around any wrong-doings that occur and corrects the right from


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