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ISU PSYCH 348 - Notes

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Chapter 7 of the textbook is all about discourse comprehension and memory. The chapter starts off with an explanation of discourse, and how it relates to our everyday lives. The chapter then goes in to talk about the comprehension of discourse and how it matters more about how the sentences are arranged, rather than what the sentences entail. This fact was kind of interesting and the examples that the chapter uses to explain this because I don’t anybody really thinks that much about the order of the sentences. More people emphasis on the content rather than the order. In this section we also learn about local structure also known as microstructure, which is essentially the relationship between the individual sentences, whereas global structure also known as macrostructure is more about our knowledge. Next the chapter moves on to cohesion, and the different types of cohesion (such as reference, substitution, ellipsis, conjunctive cohesion, lexical cohesion, and Anaphoric and Cataphoric Reference). All of these types of cohesion help with the way sentences flow, and the way that they are connected. I also had no idea that things like ellipsis and conjunctions were represented under this category. The chapter then goes on to talk about the different strategies you can use to establish cohesion (like the given/new strategy, direct matching, etc.). The next section talks about working memory and memory for disclosure. This section talks about surface representation, propositional representation, and situational model, and how they all interact to help us remember. The next section talks about schemata in semantic memory that helps us generalize and arrange a specific body of information, genres, and narrative discourse processing. One section I found really interesting was the subject of cross-cultural investigations, it is really weird to think that differentcultures can process and remember things differently. The last section of the chapter talks about the inaccessibility of knowledge, and the anomalous suspense. This was really interestingbecause it made me think about how when you read a book over again and you still feel that same sense of suspense as the first time. I used to think that that was just


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