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GCU CNL 500 - Classical Theory Comparison Worksheet

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1Classical Theory Comparison WorksheetScott C. AdamsGrand Canyon University, College of Social Sciences CNL 500Dr. Liesl HectApril, 14,202112Explain the goals for therapy from each theoretical orientation – Neoanalytic, Jungian,Individual PsychologyNeoanalytic Therapy – Neoanalytic Therapy a by-product although very similar to Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory with slight deviations. Like Freud, they agreed that childhood experiences did matter but decreased the amount of emphasis on sexuality and its effects on behavior a as Freud did. The Neo-analytics focused on the social environment in relationship to others and the consequences of one’s culture on one personality. Inside the Neoanalytic approach, there are two different schools of thought, the ego or self-centered and the relational model that is outward focused on the environment and relationships with others. (Murdock, 2017, P.67)Jungian Therapy – In Jungian Therapy, the goal is to help the patient find a balance in their life between the conscious mind and the unconscious mind. According to Jung, this work is a life-long process that mainly occurs in the second half of one’s life when the patient becomes aware of their unconscious mind. (Falzeder, 2012, p.37). Because Jungian therapy allows each patient to recognize their potential, it gives them a way to see their potential by removing mental obstacles. This therapy can effectively treat depression and anxiety, and other issues related to a person’s past. (Society for analytical psychology, Why Choose Jungian Analysis or Psychotherapy? 2020)Individual Psychology – In Individual Psychology, the goal is for the patient to feel comfortablewith themselves and feel confident in the community they live in. Founded by Alfred Adler, it 23considers the patients’ whole encompassing environment, striving for superiority and power, offsetting feelings of inferiority. Adler considered birth order an integral part of personality and behavior, yet his therapy was considered future-minded rather than retrospective. (Carlson et al., 2006). His theory allows the individual to be able to understand how their view of the future can shape their current behavior “they must understand how they interact with the world (Adler, 2019, p.185)”.Identify at least two techniques for each theory and the benefit to the clientNeoanalytic Technique 1. Free Association. Free Association consists of the counselor encouraging the individual to express their response from a therapist’s verbal word openly. According to Dr. Robert James, “ the primary goal of this method ( neo analytic theory) is to make the unconscious material conscious and promote insight and understanding. (Gilliland, 2003). During this session, the patients are encouraged to speak openly about whatever comes into their minds.Technique 2. Interpretation. Interpretation is used to determine if a patient’s unconscious mind maintains any unconscious conflicts. The counselor-patient relationship is an essential requirement for interpretation. This isnecessary for the patient to be able to trust the counselor fully. (Murdock, 2017, p.51)Benefit to the patient. Free association benefits the patient in that it allows the patient to express their views and thoughts fully. By doing this, no information is withheld from the counselor resulting in a better diagnosis and treatment. Allowing the patient to associate their feelings freely enables the 34counselor to interpret the meaning of the patients’ statements more accurately, thus uncovering the root causes of the problem. (Murdock, 2017, p.51)JungianTechnique 1. Active Imagination This is a technique that is used to bridge the gap between the conscious mind and the unconscious mind: opening oneself to the unconscious and giving free rein to fantasy while at the same time maintaining an active, attentive conscious point of view. (Gustav Jung, 2021). Thisis usually done through writing, drawing, painting, or any other form of art.Technique 2. Dream Analysis During dream analysis, the patient is asked by the counselor to write down the dreams when they wake. During a session, the counselor will try to interpret and analyze the dreams of the patient. Freud believed that dreams were the “ royal road” to the unconscious that focused on two points “what are the materials of a dream ?” and “how do the materials work together?” (Zhang & Guo, 2018)Benefit to the Patient Active Imagination and dream analysis can benefit the patient in that it allows them to delve into the unconscious mind freely. For the patient to coherently explain to the counselor the dreams may at times be difficult, this is why other forms of expression are encouraged, allowing the counselor to get a better picture” of what the patient is feeling.Individual PsychologyTechnique 1. Pleasing someone This technique involves challenging the patients’ faulty lifestyle by challenging the patient to think about how to please someone regularly. If the patient follows the counselors directive, the 45counselor can interpret that as a success because the patient has turned their focus from themselves out to others in society, the main focus of Adlerian therapy. (Murdock, 2017, p.134)Technique 2. Encouragement This technique is used to help the patient find their own personal strengths and power. Encouragement allows the patient to see how they can affect change in society. Encouragement can also be used to alleviate the depression that some patients bring to the sessions. It allows them to see hope in their lives in the future. (Murdock, 2017, p.132)Benefit to the client. Both pleasing someone and encouragement benefit the patient in stressing the positive changes that a patient can have in their community and themselves. This perspective contrasts with the inward focus that can cause the issues that the patient is having.List the stages of counseling and how long it would take to complete the processNeoanalytic Therapy Neoanalytic therapy is comprised of four primary stages. They are rapport building with the patient, exploration of the patients thinking, understanding the problem as perceived by the patient, and a therapy plan developed by the therapist. The rapport stage is the primary stage used to form the relationship between the patient and the therapist. The exploration stage is the therapist’s period to find out expressed and hidden desires and thoughts.


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