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behrendpsu ENGL 15 - Commentary 1: Sentence Boundaries

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Commentary 1: Sentence BoundariesWhat a Sentence Is:- A group of words with a subject and a verb that expresses a complete thought- Independent clause- Example: Although the dog had earned high marks in her service training, the handler's nervousness caused the dog to give a false alarm at home.What a Sentence is Not:- A group of words containing a subject and verb but not expressing a complete thought- Dependent clause- Not a sentenceSentence Fragments- A group of words that do not express a complete though but have been punctuated to do so- Example: Although the dog had earned high marks for her obedience trainingRun-On Sentences- Two or more sentences are incorrectly joined together-Comma-splice is a specific type-Two or more sentences are incorrectly joined with a comma- Example: The dog had high scores throughout the training, however, the handler's nervousness caused her to give a false alarm at home.What a Sentence Can Be:- Three basic principles for learning new sentence styles: - Coordination- Parallel structure- SubordinationCoordination- Coordination: putting together like structures in sentences Rhetorical Grammar: Grammatical Choices, Rhetorical Effects, 7th ed.- Implies that different parts of speech are of equal importance- Max Morenberg and Jeff Sommers: - Simple coordinators: “and”, “or”, “but”- Paired coordinators: ‘both…and”, “either…or”- Series coordinators: “focused, determined and professional’-The Writer's Options 109Simple Coordination Examples- Students and teachers like the new textbook.- He liked diving but she did not.Paired Coordination Examples- Not only is eating out increasing, but so is working longer hours. - He had to decide whether to study for his exam or to go to the party.Parallel Structure- Uses series coordinators - Ideas having equal importance should be expressed using consistent grammatical structures-Series coordination is "a list of three or more words, phrases, or clauses separated bycommas, with a coordinator before the final item in the series" The Writers Options 112 -All items in a list should have the same grammatical form-Faulty parallel structure happens when two or more coordinating structures are not written in same


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