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Safety Audit

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Slide 1Safety AuditSafety AuditELEMENT TO BE AUDITED UNDER THE SAFETY AUDITELEMENT TO BE AUDITED UNDER THE SAFETY AUDIT (Con’t)ELEMENT TO BE AUDITED UNDER THE SAFETY AUDIT (Con’t)ELEMENT TO BE AUDITED UNDER THE SAFETY AUDIT (Con’t)ELEMENT TO BE AUDITED UNDER THE SAFETY AUDIT (Con’t)Slide 9Incidents occur in the presence of hazardsPurpose of identificationWhat should be identified?When to identify Incidents?How to Conduct an IdentificationHow to Conduct an IdentificationHow to Conduct an IdentificationHow to Conduct an IdentificationCorrect ActionSlide 19Why have an emergency plan??OBJECTIVES of THE PLANWhy emergency can occur??The possible major impactOrganization of emergency planBasic proceduresSlide 26Audit TechniquesFINDING OUT THE FACTSHazard SpottingHazard SpottingSlide 31ReviewReview 2Review 3ReportingSlide 36Audit Team MembersChecklistsSlide 39Typical Checklist PointsTypical Checklist PointsSlide 42PreparationIdentifyIdentifyReportReportReport13Bab Audit Keselamatan(Safety Audit)Safety Audit DefinitionAn evaluation to a system damaging or make distruption.Objective of Safety Auditto spur companies to systematically identify and rectify weaknesses in their management systems and practices of handling hazardousSafety Audit •Systematic and independent by competence personnel•Conducted Periodicly•Methodologies that has been specified•Audit Frequency bases review of audit result previous and danger source evidence•Audit Result is used to process management review3ELEMENT TO BE AUDITED UNDER THE SAFETY AUDIT1. SAFETY POLICY : safe management2. SAFETY INFORMATION : safe working procedures and emergency actions to take in case of emergency.3. SAFE WORK PRACTICES : safe work procedures have been established to ensure the safe handling, including transportation, loading and unloading, storage and use of hazardous by workers.4ELEMENT TO BE AUDITED UNDER THE SAFETY AUDIT (Con’t) 4. MANAGEMENT OF CHANGE: procedures to manage changes to handling of hazardous5. MAINTENANCE OF FACILITIES : a maintenance system to ensure that all facilities used for the handling hazard6. GENERAL PLANT INSPECTION/REVIEWS : regular inspections and reviews on handling hazard and procedures for reporting potential hazardous conditions and monitoring the remedial actions established.5ELEMENT TO BE AUDITED UNDER THE SAFETY AUDIT (Con’t) 7. TRAINING Training provided to staff responsible for the handling and storage of hazardous is effective and that such training adequately covers the safety information and safe work practices. The training shall ensure workers are kept up to date on changes to the types and work procedures in the handling of the hazardous.8. INCIDENT INVESTIGATIONS9. EMERGENCY PLANNING AND RESPONSE6ELEMENT TO BE AUDITED UNDER THE SAFETY AUDIT (Con’t) 10.HAZARD ANALYSIS.The company has an established programme to carry out hazard analysis on the handling of hazardous so as to identify, assess and evaluate potential hazards, especially when new hazardous or a significant increase in the quantities of hazardous are handled. The company has an established procedure to record these hazards and develop and implement means to eliminate the hazards or reduce the hazards to an acceptable level of risk7ELEMENT TO BE AUDITED UNDER THE SAFETY AUDIT (Con’t)11. ADDITIONAL ITEMSThe site shall conforms generally to guidelines pertaining to the safe management of hazardous, i.e. the maintenance of fire alarm and protection systems and other fire safety works conform to the requirements stated in the regulatory requirements8Incident InvestigationIncidents occur in the presence of hazards An incident is inevitable if there are no controls in placeIt will not always involve personal injury. An incident may also be property damage, environmental damage or a near miss.Purpose of identification identify any new hazards identify and choose suitable controls Prevent similar accident recurring in the futureWhat should be identified?All incidents that cause–Injury–Illness–Lost time–Property damage–All near-miss incidentsWhen to identify Incidents?It is important that any identification occurs as soon as possible. The less time between an incident and the identification, the more accurate the information that can be obtained.How to Conduct an Identificationassumption or judgment → “must be based on information that is known to be full and accurate”How to Conduct an IdentificationGather information and establish fact: Who??What happened??When did the incident occur??Where did the incident occur??Why did the incident occur??How to Conduct an IdentificationIsolate the contributory factorsThis stage is carried out to determine the direct and underlying causes the incidentEx. The contributory factors:1. Poor vision (incident occurred at dusk)2. Trip hazard (uneven path)3. Sharp hazard (damaged guard rail)How to Conduct an IdentificationDetermine corrective actionRecommendation must be based on the key contributory factors and the related underlying causes.Correct Action•Operator training•Better planning (layout or access)•New equipment/methodsEmergency planningWhy have an emergency plan??Emergency planning → an important part of company operationSince emergency will occur, preplanning is necessary to prevent...Discover unrecognized hazardous conditionsOBJECTIVES of THE PLANAn emergency plan used to specifies handling to sudden unexpected situationThe objective is to reduce the possible consequences of the emergency by: -preventing fatalities and injuries -reducing damage to building, stock, and toolsWhy emergency can occur??Technological: -Exposure to ionizing radiation, -building collapse, -loss of electrical powerNatural Hazard -tornados -earthquakeThe possible major impact Having identified the hazard, the possible major impacts should be considered...Sequential events (for example, fire after explosion)EvacuationCasualtiesDamage to plant infrastructuresDamage to equipmentLoss of vital documentOrganization of emergency planOne indidual should be appointed and trained to act as Emergency Co-ordinatorMust be made a particular staff of emergency planExternal organization that may be avaible to assist,example:-fire departement-ambulances service-mobile rescue squads-police departementBasic proceduresIdentify evacuation routes, alternate means of


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