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TAMU CHEM 101 - Chapter 17 phase changes worksheet glembocki

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Chapter 17: Phase Changes Worksheet Name ___________________Important Things to Know - Do Not Skip Over these 2 SectionsREAD and REMEMBERKinetic Theory of Matter:Phases of Matter:Phase Change Descriptions:Phase Change DiagramThe graph was drawn from data collected as 1 mole of a substance was heated at a constant rate. Use the graph to answer the following questions.Chapter 17: Phase Changes Worksheet Name ___________________Important Things to Know - Do Not Skip Over these 2 Sections READ and REMEMBERKinetic Theory of Matter:- Molecules are always moving. This is known as the kinetic theory of matter. - We measure this kinetic energy with a thermometer as temperature. - The greater the material's internal energy, the higher the temperature of that material. - Heat is the energy flow between objects of different temperature. - Heat and temperature are NOT the same. Phases of Matter:Solid - matter that has definite volume and shape. - The particles of a solid have high attraction for each other so are packed together tightly and vibrate in position. Liquid - matter that has definite volume but not shape. - The particles of a liquid have high attraction for each other so are tightly packed but have more energy than solids so they tumble past each other enabling liquids to flow Gas - matter that has indefinite volume or shape. - Gases exist as single particles with no attraction for each other and move rapidly in straight line colliding with each other or the inside of the container that they will spread out and fill. Phase Change Descriptions:Melting the change from ________________ to ________________. Freezing the change from _________________ to _________________. vaporization the change from ________________ to _________________ . Condensation the change from ________________ to __________________ . Sublimation the change from _______________ to __________________ . Deposition the change from _______________ to __________________ .Fill in the phase changes in the blank provided.Enthalpy of State Changes – Heat Transfer During State Changes (solid, liquid, gas)You know from past experience that heat is needed to melt and ice cube or boil water. Chemists quantify the amount of heat needed for a state change as molar heat or the amount of heat needed for one mole of substance.1. The energy required to convert one mole of substance from a solid to liquid is called the molar heat of fusion. Label this on the diagram. (6.01 kJ per mol for water)2. Molar heat of solidification is the amount of heat energy removed from one mole of substance in order to change it from a liquid to a solid. Label this on the diagram. (6.01 kJ per mol for water)3. Molar heat of vaporization is the amount of heat energy removed from one mole of substance in order to change it from a liquid to a gas. Label this on the diagram. (40.7 kJ per mol for water)4. Molar heat of condensation is the amount of heat energy removed from one mole of substance in order to change it from a gas to a liquid. Label this on the diagram. (40.7 kJ per mol for water)Phase Change DiagramThe graph was drawn from data collected as 1 mole of a substance was heated at a constant rate. Use thegraph to answer the following questions. Use the phase change diagram above to answer the following questions.5. Describe what is occurring from;A to BB to CC to DD to EE & beyondMolar Heat CalculationsRemember: Heat energy can be “spent” on only one job at a time. Either it will cause a change in temperature or change of state, never both at the same time. Use the molar heat values for water from the previous page for some of these calculations.1. Is melting endothermic or exothermic? Explain.2. Is vaporization endothermic or exothermic? Explain.3. Describe the process of sublimation and give an example. Is sublimation endothermic or exothermic? Explain.4. Write a chemical equation for the sublimation of water. 5. Calculate the amount of heat needed to melt 35.0 g of ice at 0 ºC. Express your answer in Joules.6. How much energy is released to the environment by 50.0 grams of condensing water vapor?7. How much energy is required to melt a 20.0 lb bag of ice at 0ºC? A pound (lb.) of ice is equivalent to 0.4536 kg. 8. Calculate the amount of heat needed to convert 190.0 g of liquid water at 100ºC to steam at 100ºC.9. When a substance changes from a solid to a liquid, do you think this is a physical change chemical change? 10. Challenge: Calculate the amount of heat needed to convert 230.0 g of ice at -10ºC to water at 0ºC. (two


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