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CRMJ 1010 STUDY GUIDE, Chapters 5 – 8Chapter 51. The American police system is based on the English system as developed by who? Sir Robert Peel2. The first federal police agency, established by George Washington, was the what? US Marshalls3. The term ‘jurisdiction” implies both a geographic boundary on authority, but also what? Legal authority4. Federal police agencies are divided into what three branches? Military Police, Native American Tribal Police, Civilian Police5. The Secret Service, founded in 1865, was originally intended to investigate what? Counterfeit US Currency 6. Which federal agency was created in 1908, renamed in 1930, and headed by J. Edgar Hoover for almost 50 years? FBI7. Which federal agency is responsible to maintain the data of NCIC, NIBRS, and the UCR? FBI8. Which federal law enforcement agencies belong to the Department of Justice? 9. Which federal law enforcement agencies belong to the Department of Homeland Security? 10. Which federal law enforcement agencies belong to the Department of Defense? CriminalInvestigative Division, Office of Special Investigations, Naval Criminal Investigative Service.11. Which is the oldest state law enforcement agency in the United States? Texas Rangers12. State police agencies may be divided into what three branches of service? Highway patrol, general criminal investigation, special investigation13. Who is the Chief Law Enforcement Officer of the County? Sherif14. Is the county Sherif elected or appointed by the county commissioner? Elected15. What are the three major responsibilities of the Sherif’s Department? Performing law enforcement duties, serving as officers of the court, operating the county jail16. What is the only other law enforcement officer, besides the sherif, to be elected within the counties ‘of some states’? Constable17. What is the largest city police department in the United States? NYPD18. The use of informal conflict resolution, or ‘de-escalation’ strategies, by the police is called what? Order Maintenance19. What police executive is typically appointed by a mayor or local police commissioner? Chief of Police20. After about one year of in-service training and a probationary period, police officers attain what status? Civil Service Status21. Most police departments only promote _____ ______ and discourage inter-agency transfers. From within22. What are law enforcement agencies / officers of limited geographic and authoritative jurisdiction called? Special Police23. What are the two types of private police / security services? Proprietary Services and Contract Services24. Community Policing is most closely related to ________ __________ Policing. Problem oriented policing25. The Broken Windows Theory is most closely related to _____-________ Policing. Zero tolerance policingChapter 61. A key element of police professionalism is the Law Enforcement _____ __ ______. Code of Ethics2. Many police departments monitor and investigate allegations of police misconduct through what division of that department? Internal Afairs Unit3. External oversight of police based on Legislative ‘substantive laws’ are examples of ______ oversight. Direct4. External oversight of police based on judicial decisions / ‘procedural laws’ are examples of _________ oversight. Indirect5. The body of laws that describe how things must be done at diferent levels of the criminal justice system are called __________ laws. procedural6. The ‘procedural’ requirements for determining whether evidence will be admitted into court is called what? Rule of Evidence7. The procedural rule that restricts evidence or testimony allowed in a criminal proceedingthat was obtained in violation of a person’s constitutionally protected rights is called the _____________ Rule. Exclusionary8. The procedural rule that restricts evidence from admissibility in court because it is connected to other evidence that was obtained illegally is called what? Fruit of the Poisonous Tree Doctrine9. Weeks v. United States (1914) introduced the concept of the Exclusionary Rule, but which case expanded / incorporated this requirement to all states? Mapp V Ohio10. The right to be free from an unreasonable search and seizure by government agents is the basis for the _______ Amendment. 4th 11. Electronic monitoring and police surveillance without a warrant must comply with ___________ ___________ of Privacy. Reasonable Expectation12. The primary means of conducting a search or seizure is based on a Warrant or what? Probable cause13. When the police initiate a lawful arrest of a suspect, they may search the immediate area where that person was arrested based on what rule? Search Incident to Lawful Arrest14. When a police officer is legally allowed to be in an area, and he / she can see contrabandwithout touching its surroundings, seizure of these items is justified under what rule? Plain View Search15. When an ‘authorized person’ allows the police to enter a dwelling to look around, any illegal contraband found may be confiscated based on what rule? Consent Search16. The procedural rule that authorizes the police to search a vehicle if there is probable cause to believe a crime has been committed and that any delay in conducting a search would result in the loss or destruction of evidence is called what ‘doctrine’? Carroll Doctrine17. What was the Supreme Court case that justified the frisking, or patting-down of a subject without a warrant? Terry V Ohio18. In what instances would searches of persons and vehicles without a warrant be authorized as a Public Safety Exception? A missing weapon, bomb, child, etc19. Procedural rules were established specific to police interrogations and confessions that were in violation of the 5th and 6th Amendments in connection to which Supreme Court case? Miranda V Arizona20. Exceptions to the Miranda requirements may arise from spontaneous admissions, confessions to third parties, and what one other situation? Public Safety Exceptions21. Prohibitions against using deadly force on a fleeing felon was decided by which SupremeCourt? Tennessee V. Garner22. The concept that police are trained to meet resistance with an appropriate level of force is called what? Force Continuum23. The Knapp Commission, initiated by reports of police corruption in 1970, was directed atwhich police department? New York City Police24. According to the Knapp Commission, police officers who were involved in serious criminal

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