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COLUMBIASTATE PSYCH 1010 - Discussion 2: Memory and Intelligence

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Chapter 6 MemoryChapter 7 Thinking, Language, and IntelligenceDiscussion 2: Memory and IntelligenceChapter 6 MemoryWe rely on memories to relive our happiest moments, events that taught us valuable lessons, and traumatic experiences that we wish to avoid further. This made learning about the formation of imperfect and false memories most intriguing to me. A memory’s fallibility derives from several factors, such as time passed, emotional and mental influence, and environmental effects of which no individual is immune. Essentially, all our memories carry the potential to be distorted (Hockenbury & Nolan, 2019). When recalling a memory, the brain actively reconstructs the memory’s details, leaving ample room for inconsistencies to take place (Hockenbury & Nolan, 2019). Researchers comprised a study of students to determine the accuracy of their memories of the verdict of OJ Simpson’s case (Merchant, 2000). Thirty-two months after the verdict, a third of the students recalled the events accurately, with forty percent having significant discrepancies in their recollections (Merchant, 2000). This study showed that the memories’ accuracy depleted over time, and those who felt the most confident about their recollections were the most inaccurate (Merchant, 2000). This study made me think about people in criminal investigations providing confessions, and their likelihood to incorrectly recall the details of crimes. An admission may be full of inconsistencies depending on any number of these factors, making this knowledge extremely important in the criminal justice system. As a person with goals of getting into criminal profiling and behavior analysis, I will employ this knowledge when talking with suspects to uncover their real memories based on understanding potential distortions. While it may be uncomfortable knowing that our brains can manipulate our memories, this knowledge can help us dissect memories with greater understanding. If we consider that we all have imperfect memories, we may work through issues within ourselves and with one another more efficiently and with acertain level of compassion. Recognizing imperfect memories as a natural part of our existence can help us begin to understand ourselves and the world around us more clearly.Chapter 7 Thinking, Language, and IntelligenceWe all have extensive experience in thinking, making learning about the processes behindthinking remarkably attractive. When thinking about objects, we produce a mental image representing that object, though mental imagery is not limited strictly to pictures as the term suggests (Hockenbury & Nolan, 2019). We also use mental imagery to represent the smell of Christmas morning or the flavor of our favorite meals. These mental representations form from our reconstructed memories allowing us to experience them in our minds (Hockenbury & Nolan, 2019). The idea that mental imagery increases motor task performance led to a study performed on competitive athletes and non-athletes to record their mental image abilities (Di Corrado et al., 2020). Each participant completed a Mental Imagery Test, which showed that competitive athletes had higher scores than non-athletes, likely due to mental image abilities being stronger for the athlete who uses mental imagery consistently during practices and games to increase performance (Di Corrado et al., 2020). Concepts are formed through daily experiences and learning the features that define a concept, allowing us to effectively sort objects into concepts based on their attributes (Hockenbury & Nolan, 2019). When we think of Christmas, for example, we think of Christmas trees, lights, presents, family, and treats. These are items categorized together, forming a concept so that when Christmas is mentioned, we know immediately what Christmas entails.It is almost as if our brain is playing never-ending Pictionary and Scategories to sort objects and recall them when needed. I plan to utilize the information of the building blocks of thought to understand our thought processes' incredible way of functioning. This knowledge will be beneficial in my future career, through understanding how the imagery process works for bothvictims and suspects. If you have a victim who was kidnapped from their home, you may be ableto guide them through their mental images of the events by asking how long the car ride was and if it was bumpy or smooth, and what the ground felt like when the suspect removed them from the vehicle. Those seemingly irrelevant details in comparison to the crime itself can help in locating the track of the suspect and any evidence left behind. Understanding these processes will aid in untangling the complexity of our internal workings to help us make better sense of them personally and professionally. ReferencesVaughn, L. (2019). Philosophy Here and Now (Third Edition). Oxford University Press. https://platform.virdocs.com/r/s/0/doc/593527/sp/178019939/mi/568805370Di Corrado, D., Guarnera, M., Guerrera, C. S., Maldonato, N. M., Di Nuovo, S., Castellano, S., & Coco, M. (2020). Mental Imagery Skills in Competitive Young Athletes and Non-athletes. Frontiers in Psychology, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00633Merchant, V. V. (2000). DOWN THE MEMORY LANE: POT HOLES? International Journal of Humanities and Peace, 16(1),


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