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Project 2, Writing in your Discipline

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1Rhetorical Analysis of Sources in the Field of PsychologyAutumn BrysonEast Carolina University2Rhetorical Analysis of Sources in the Field of PsychologyThose with intentions to pursue a career in the field of psychology and those who are already in the field frequently use scholarly and trade sources to learn about new research, stay up to date on new research, and gain insight on the thoughts of fellow peers concerning certain topics. All journals and articles are written by credible psychologists working in the field of study before going through a critical review process done by peers in the field of psychology. The scholarly article COVID-19 and Ageism: How Positive and Negative Responses Impact Older Adults and Society written collectively by Monahan, Macdonald, Lytle, Apriceno, and Levy (2020) examines both negative and positive responses toward older adults in the United States in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The scholarly article explores these responses using data from the pandemic as well as past theorizing and empirical research on the treatment and views of the older generation. The trade source titled Putting the Social Back into Physical Distancing: The Role od Digital Connections in a Pandemic Crisis written by Kluck, Stoyanova,and Kramer (2021) discusses “whether technology- mediated communication can actually meet individuals’ social needs”. This discussion is supported by online surveys, charts, and graphs.COVID-19 and Ageism: How Positive and Negative Responses Impact Older Adults and Society, a scholarly article, written collectively be peers working together at Stoney Brook University (2020) clarifies how the younger generations and healthcare workers have treated the older generation during the world wide pandemic and how it has affected the older population byreinforcing the value of older adults, improve intergenerational relations, saves lives, negative stereotyping, discrimination, and tragic deaths and loneliness. The article talks about the positive3support the older population received during the pandemic first and the consequences of the support; home deliveries for food and medication were made, earlier store hours were offered to shop in a less crowded store, and organizations that were created to specifically help the older adults in a time of need, all of these positive behaviors benefited older adults mentally and physically while also helping to save some lives. It strengthened the bond between the younger and older generation as these two different generations helped each other (Monahan, Macdonald,Lytle, Apriceno, and Levy 2020). The negative responses and consequences were also explored in the article, stating that the most concerning negative response was the discriminatory health care practices, with COVID affecting majority of the older population and the protocol being to maximize benefits by saving the person with a higher chance of living and thriving, the older population has its odd stacked against them (Monahan, Macdonald, Lytle, Apriceno, and Levy 2020). The lengthy scholarly article is published in the American Psychologist journal and uses APA citations when citing its numerous sources as well as statistics throughout the article to further credit the information presented. The authors use both logos and pathos within the article;logos is present when delivering information and statistics and is abruptly followed by an in-text citation, while pathos is used to appeal to readers the emotional toll these older adults endured during the pandemic and it’s negative consequences. With the main audience being those in the psychology field, it also appeals to readers interested in the effects of the COVID pandemic. The trade source, Putting the Social Back into Physical Distancing: The Role of Digital Connections in a Pandemic Crisis, presents an experiment done during the pandemic using surveys to explain whether the usage of technology-based communication can meet the social needs that cannot be met by physical touch because of COVID (Kluck, Stoyanova, and Kramer42021). The surveys asked the participants to decipher what type of technology-based communication used (audio and visual, texting, and physical contact) and rate their life satisfaction, emotional balance, isolation difficulties, social connectedness, and social support. It was hypothesized that audio and visual phone calls and texting would be enough for individuals to follow the social distancing measures, but overall life satisfaction will gradually decrease without physical human interaction. The hypothesis was correct and the experiment concluded that technology-based communication does help to encourage individuals to abide by social distancing rules but lacks to facilitate the feeling of belongingness that comes with physical touch (Kluck, Stoyanova, and Kramer 2021). This extensive trade source relies heavily on logos as the article explains the experiment not only through words but also through graphs and charts. Background research that was conducted in the article for the experiment is cited using an APA style citation. Although anyone interested in the information can read the article, it specifically pertains to those working in the field of psychology as the terminology is difficult and the charts and graphs are organized in a way easily understood by someone in the field, but not quite easily understood from an outside eye. The article is published online on the website Wiley Online Library, which publishes journals and articles written for the International Journal of Psychology. Both the trade source and scholarly source appear to be organized in the same format, with subheadings and headings throughout the paper to organize and spilt apart thoughts. This organization allows the readers to decipher the key concepts and supporting ideas in the article. Aclear distinction about the trade source article was that it presented an experiment, so it used the subheadings to organize explaining the hypothesis, steps taken in the experiment, and the experimental findings whereas the scholarly article simply broke apart key concepts and thoughts5using its subheadings. Both articles utilized APA style citations, but the scholarly article contained more because the paper was heavily theoretical and based off research. The citations used in the trade source article was from research conducted before the experiment was to begin. The two articles


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