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UT CC 302 - Rome 8

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1. Life of Virgila. Lived from 70 to 19 BCEb. Born in Northern Italyc. Educated in various cities, including Romed. Land almost confiscated by Augustuse. Befriended Maecenas, met Augustusf. Died before completing Aeneid2. Virgil’s Poetic Worksa. Bucolics (Ecologues):i. Pastoral themesb. Georgics:i. Pleasures of farm life c. Commissioned by emperor Augustus to write the Aeneid (29-19 BC)i. “to imitate Homer”ii. “to praise Augustus beginning with his ancestors”3. Homer and the Epic Traditiona. Homer i. Greek poetii. Iliad – Episode from Trojan war Focusing on Achilles and Hectoriii. Odyssey – After Trojan war, Hero Odysseus’ journey homeb. Epic Poetryi. Long poems about great heroes ii. Originally composed orallyiii. Long tradition handed down over timec. Dactylic Hexameteri. Dactyl: “finger”ii. Hexameter: from hex, “six”4. Mythological Background to Vergil’s Aeneida. Aeneas, son of Venus and mortal Anchisesb. Marriage of Peleus and Thetisc. Judgment of Paris5. Aeneas in the Iliada. Book 2 of the Iliad - Catalogue of Ships i. Second only to Hector, Prince of Troyb. Book 5 of the Iliad – Aristeia of Diomedesi. Nearly killed, rescued by Venus and Apolloc. Book 20 of the Iliad – Aristeia 6. Virgil’s Aeneida. Aeneid as an imitation of Homeri. First half – Odyssean halfii. Second half – Iliadic halfb. Aeneid as an inversion of Homeri. Reverse order of inventsii. Wandering to a new homeiii. War to establish a cityc. Invocation of the Muse:i. All epic poems begin with plea to a Muse to inspire the poetii. Causes of Juno’s Anger1. Hatred of the Trojans:a. Judgment of Paris – slight to her beautyb. Abduction of Ganymede by Jupiter2. Fear of the future Romea. Carthage is her favorite cityb. Will be destroyed by Rome in Punic warsc. Trying to prevent founding of Romed. Virgil’s Dilemmai. Aeneas is a Greek/Trojan hero1. Most glorious to die for one’s country2. Achilles’ choiceii. Aeneas needs to become a Roman hero1. Aeneas’ epithet Pius: “devotion to one’s gods, family and country”7. Pius and Pietasa. Pietas – as defined by Cicero:i. “that which urges us to carry out responsibility to country or parents or others related by blood”b. Pius – as translated by Stanley Lombardo:i. “devoted (to my city’s gods)”8. Furor vs. Imperiuma. Furor – “madness, chaos, fury”i. Junoii. Shipwreckb. Imperium – “empire, command, order”i. Neptune ii. Aeneas9. Shipwreck Scenea. Caused by Aeolus, god of the windsb. At the request of Junoc. Furor leads to Shipwreckd. Shipwreck = Chaos 10. First Poetic Similea. Occurs after Neptune calms the sea:i. Fury always finds weapons11. Jupiter’s Prophecya. Aeneas and men are shipwrecked off coast of N. Africab. Venus complains to Jupiterc. Jupiter reveals the future to Venusd. Outlines Roman history from Aeneas to Romulus:e. Continues prophecy up to Augustusf. Imperium constraining

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