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UT CC 302 - Rome 7

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The Roman Empire1. Age of Imperial Dynastiesa. Julio-Claudian Dynasty (27BCE – A.D. 68)i. The Year of the Four Emperors (A.D. 68/69)b. Flavian Dynasty (A.D. 69-96)c. The Five “Good Emperors” (A.D. 96-180)d. The Severan Dynastye. Third Century Crisis2. Julio-Claudian Dynastya. Emperors and their reignsi. Augustus (27 BCE-14 AD)ii. Tiberius (AD 14-37)iii. Caligula (AD 37-41)iv. Claudius (AD 41-54)v. Nero (AD 54-68)vi. Problems with successionvii. Increasingly worse emperors (except Claudius)b. Tiberiusi. Son of Livia, Augustus’ wife, adopted by Augustusii. Not well-liked by the peopleiii. Resistant to his role as emperor; time on Capriiv. Praetorian Guard Sejanusv. Adopted Caligula (grand-nephew) and Gemellus (grandson)c. Caligulai. Nullified Tiberius’ will, killed Gemellus ii. Treason trialsiii. Debauchery; mental instability iv. Assassinated by Praetorian guardsd. Claudiusi. Stutterer, limp, part-deaf; deemed unfit for ruleii. Intelligent, educatediii. Proclaimed emperor by the Praetorian Guardiv. Generally, a good emperor and administratorv. Poisoned by wife/niece, Agrippina (mother of Nero)e. Neroi. Tyranny and extravaganceii. Great Fire of AD 64Golden Palace of Nero (Domus Aurea)3. Year of the Four Emperors and the Flavian Dynasty a. Bloody civil wars between generals of Neroi. Galba, Otho, Vitellius, Vesoasianb. Vespasian assumes power – Flavian emperori. Rural bourgeoisie (NOT aristocratic Julio-Claudians)ii. Destroys Domus Aurea, builds Colosseumc. Titus, son of Vespasiani. Siege of Jerusalem, Arch of Titusd. Domitian, son of Vespasiani. Paranoid, hated by the peopleii. Damnatio memoriae 4. The Five Good Emperorsa. Succession by adoptionb. Nerva – Short reign, adopted Trajan, commander of the Rhinec. Trajani. Provincial origin (from Spain)ii. Campaigns in Dacia (Romania)iii. Forum and column of Trajand. Hadriani. Nephew by marriageii. Brilliant administrator, especially in provinesiii. Lover of Greek architecture5. Marcus Aurelius – Last of the Good Emperorsa. Good ruler, philosopherb. Problems securing the frontier bordersc. Succeeds by Commodusi. Nero-reincarnatedd. Four years of civil war i. Began in provincese. Septiums Severusi. North Africanii. Begins new dynastyThird Century Crisis and the End of the Roman


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