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Chapter 1 – Introduction to Psychology (Week 2) ● Readings o Chapter 1 in our book - ● Recordings o Introduction – Ch. 1 - ● Wilhlem Wundt- Structuralism - ● Three early schools- Gestalt Psychology - Psychoanalysiso Sigmund Freud - Behaviorismo John Watson; B.F. Skinner - ● William James- Functionalism - ● What is Psychology?- Science; Behavior; Mental Processes Chapter 2 – Psychological Research (Week 2) ● Readings o Chapter 2 in our book - ● Recordings o Recorded Lectures Parts 1-10 - ● Hindsight Bias - ● Common Sense and problems with it - ● The need for psychological science / Why is research important? - ● Theory; Hypothesis; Test; Research Process - ● Research/Empirical Questions – How developed? - Are research questions completely objective?- ● Conceptual Variable and Operational Definition - ● Research Designs - Descriptiveo Case Study; Naturalistic Observation; Survey - Correlationalo Correlation Coefficient; Scatterplots; Direction o Why does correlationnot imply causation? - Experimentalo Independent Variable (IV) o Dependent Variable (DV) o Control Variable (CV)o Random Assignmento Limits ● Replication Crisis- What should a scientist always be? - Statistical significance ▪ Null hypothesis; alternative hypothesis; significance level; p-value; common misunderstandings - Replication crisis – What went wrong? File Drawer Problem; Multiple Comparisons; P-Hacking ▪ What do we do? ● Research Ethics- IRB; Informed Consent; Deception; Protect from harm; Maintain confidentiality; Debrief o Non-human animal subjects – The 3 R’s Chapter 3 – Biopsychology (Week 3) ● Readings o Chapter 3 in our book - ● Recordings o Recorded Lectures Parts 1-11 - ● What is the basic question of biological psychology? - ● Phrenology - ● Chromosomes; DNA; Genes - ● Biopsychosocial Model- ● Behavioral Genetics - ● Twin studies for IQ - ● Separated Twins and what it can show us about nature and nurture - ● Spectacular Explanation Fallacy - ● Evolutionary Psychology - Misunderstandings- Natural selection- CritiquingtheEvolutionaryPerspective - ● Neural Communication- Sensory/Afferent Neurons- Motor/Efferent Neurons- Glial Cells- Dendrites- Cell Body- Axon; Myelin Sheath- Terminal Branches- How do neurons communicate? - Neurotransmitters o Acetylcholine (ACh); Dopamine; Serotonin; Norepinephrine - Neural networks - ● Nervous System - Peripheral o Somatico Autonomic ▪ Sympathetic▪ Parasympathetic - Central● The Brain o Spinal Cord; Brian - Methods and Tools of Discoveryo Clinical Observation; Lesions & Transections; Transcranial magnetic stimulation; EEG; fMRI- Major Structures o Inner Brain Structures (Do you know their locations?) ▪ The Brainstem❖ Medulla; Reticular formation ▪ Thalamus ▪ Cerebellum▪ Limbic System ❖ Hippocampus; Amygdala; Hypothalamus o Cerebral Cortex ● Occipital Lobes; visual cortex● Temporal Lobes; auditory cortex● Wernicke’s and Broca’s Areas● Parietal Lobes; somatosensory cortex ● Sensory Cortex● Motor Cortex● Frontal Lobes● Association Areas ● Experience and Brain Development - Enriched environment - Trained Brain - Brain


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