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UIUC PSYC 201 - PSYC 201 Exam 1 Study Guide Spring 2021

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PSYC 201 Exam 1 Study GuideChapters 1: An Invitation to Social Psychology1. How is social psychology different from personality psychology? How do each of these relate to Kurt Lewin’s B=f(P,E)?2. What are the results of the Good Samaritan study?3. What is a channel factor? What are some examples?4. What is a construal? How do construals impact our thoughts & behavior?5. What are schemas?6. What is Gestalt psychology? How does it relate to construals and schemas?7. What is the difference between automatic and controlled processing?8. What is the different between independent and interdependent cultures?Chapter 2: The Methods of Social Psychology1. What is hindsight bias?2. What are the differences between observational, archival, survey, & experimental research? 3. What is the difference between a correlational and experimental study?4. What is important about experiments? Why do we like using experiments in social psychology?5. What are the main components of an experiment?6. What are reliability and (measurement) validity? What is internal and external validity?7. What is a dependent variable? An independent variable? Can you identify each in an experiment?8. What is random assignment? Why is random assignment important? How is it different from random sampling?9. What does it mean that correlation does not imply causation? What are the important differences between correlation and causation?10. What is the difference between basic and applied science?11. What are some ethical concerns in social psychology? What is the IRB? What is informed consent? What is deception research?Chapter 3: The Social Self1. What are the three components of the self?2. What is self-complexity theory? What does it say about how people handle negative events?3. What is trait self-esteem? What is state self-esteem?4. What is social comparison theory? a. What is the difference between upward & downward comparisons?b. When are we more likely to engage in social comparisons?5. What is the better-than-average effect? When is it most likely to occur?6. What is self-verification theory? What are the important research findings on self-verification theory?7. How to we maintain positive self-evaluation (think: self-evaluation maintenance model)?a. How do people use social comparisons to help maintain high self-esteem?b. What is basking in reflected glory? Under what conditions do we do it?8. What is self-discrepancy theory?9. What is the sociometer hypothesis? What does it say about self-esteem?10. What are some of the cultural differences in self-esteem (e.g. in individualist vs. collectivist cultures, men vs. women)?Chapter 4: Social Cognition1. What are snap judgments? What information do we get from snap judgments?2. What is pluralistic ignorance? What are some examples of pluralistic ignorance?3. What are primacy, recency, and framing effects?4. What is confirmation bias?a. How does confirmation bias impact the way we search for information?b. How does confirmation bias impact how we evaluate someone?5. What is a self-fulfilling prophecy?6. What is the bad news bias? Negativity bias?7. What is positive/negative framing? What is temporal framing?8. What are schemas?a. How do schemas impact memory?b. How can schemas impact behavior? (Think about priming!)9. What are heuristics?a. What is the availability heuristic? What is the role of ease of retrieval?b. What is the representativeness heuristic? How does base rate information play a


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