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INDUSTRIALIZATION OF JAPAN (5)

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1INDUSTRIALIZATION OF JAPANBY;CLAIRE NDUTA (15-0841)JOHN WILLS (15-0533)LOURDES TERER (16-0946)FELLY ODERO (15-1382)MIRERI ODHIAMBO (15-1756)SUBMITTED TO DR. NAOMI MBUGUAIN PARTIAL FUFILMENT FOR THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE COURSEHISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE MODERN WORLD (INS 313 T)SUBMITTED ON9ND OCTOBER, 20172INDUSTRIALIZATION IN JAPANHISTORYJapans history can be divided into four periods;1600-1868: the period of the Tokugawa shoguns; feudal political order with economic and social change occurring in gradual manner. This period saw growing urbanization, the spread of popular education and the rise of merchant class. Foreign trade was limited to China, Korea, Netherlands and Nagasaki a few times a year1868-1890: the early Meiji period, which saw rapid modernization and dramatic change in political, social and economic institutions, they tried to meet the challenge of the west by following it model. In this period there was also the pre-world war (1870-1880)1890-1945: imperial Japan. Characterized by constitutional policy with the emperor as the reigning monarch. Industrialization, urbanization, and an increasingly mobile society. There was drive for international status and world power including imperialism with Asia and war with the United States.1945-today: contemporary Japan, there was democratic reform after allied occupation. Also characterized by stable political democracy, high economic growth in the 1960’s followed by political instability and recession in the early nineties. FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTED TO INDUSTRIALIZATION IN JAPAN1. Expansion of education beyond the upper class leading to higher literacy levels. This led to production of skilled labor which helped bring about the industrialization.32. The proto-industrial base – Japan’s agricultural activity was high enough to sustainsubstantial craft (proto industrial) production in both rural and urban areas of the country.3. Investment led growth- Domestic investment in industry and infrastructure was thedriving force behind growth in Japanese output. Both private and public sectors investedin infrastructure.4. Japan adopted industrial change and internal market reform aligning their industries5. Growth in economy and internal commerce expanded as a result of manufacturing.6. Rural riots reflected peace and distress and helped to weaken the Shogunate American.7. In 1853 a naval squad commanded by Matthew Perry forced the opening of Japan to theWest.8. European nations secured equal rights hence creating more market for Japan.9. At the firm level creating internalized labor markets that tied the firms to workers andworkers to firms, thereby giving workers a strong incentive and flexibly to adopt to newtechnology enhanced social capacity10. Scale of economies- the reduction in per unit costs due to increased levels of output,contributed to total factor productivity growth.LESSONS LEARNT FROM RAPID DEVELOPMENT IN JAPANMany countries ae experiencing rapid industrial development and although it has lifted them outof poverty it has left them in great environmental pollutionIn Japan the rapid growth from the 1950’s has led to a series of environmental crisis whichprompted the government to put in place preventive and remedial measures to improve itsmanagement of industrial waste. The lesson is development should be sustainable.Also, government initiative dominated manufacturing hence creating ministry of industries in1870 and established overall economic policy and operated certain policy thus improving andincreasing production of the country.4Land reforms cleared way for individual ownership thus creating mare capacity for growth in theland sector when it was owned by individualsIntroduction of education to not only the upper class contributed to the growth. The provision oftechnical training to the people encouraged the better skilled labor. The government stressedtechnology and science.5REFERENCES;http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/timelines/japan_modern_timeline.htm https://searchinginhistory.blogspot.co.ke/2015/05/the-industrial-revolution-of-japan.html?m=1


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