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UB BIO 201LLB - Report paper

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The digital technology innovation has seen a huge advancement in human civilization. 20-30 years ago, humanity could not have imagined that a computer could fit in the palm of a hand. Nowadays, a mobile phone supports much more functions than the first computers. It is worth noting that information technology is firmly entrenched in our lives and humanity is becoming increasingly dependent on it. Being connected online and fixated on smartphones generally leaves a negative impact on mental health. Many people cannot even imagine what they will do if they forget their phone at home; this equates to tragedy for them. There are a largenumber of those who simply waste time on social networks. Face-to-face communication is replaced by a set of letters on the digital device, and facial expressions are replaced by “emojis”. The fact is that such kind of digital communication is positive for a large number of people, especially those who are far from each other or where they cannot be physically present. But people often misuse these benefits while living in the same city or area and spending most of the time on the network and devices rather than speaking to one another. It seems like the internet has enriched our daily lives but at the same time is destroying them. The cyberspace has played arole as a simulation of the real world. It is a “cyberworld” where people can be anyone they wantto be and they can do whatever they want. Therefore, there are many contradictions in the use of technology such as the fact that individuals are too immersed into the screens and it negatively affects their mental health, but at the same time technology makes human lives easier and more convenient.Technological progress has undeniably brought a lot of advantages: communication, speed, efficiency, and mobility but it also caused some disadvantages: destruction, laziness, addiction. One should ask oneself: “What impact has technology had on our lives?” It is obvious that it has improved many aspects of human way of living. Harrison Hohman, the author of thenewspaper article “Has tech gone too far?”, said that “Information is more accessible than ever, education is more equitable, data is easier to obtain and analyze and the burdens of past generations have largely been eased by new developments.” It raises our standards of living considerably; however, Hohman still questions if technological progress makes us happier. Human relationships have become very shallow because of technology. As a result, an environment of flourishing individualism has emerged where the society as a whole is placed at agreat disadvantage (Hohman). Francisco Mochon, author of the journal article “Happiness and Technology”, also emphasizes two sides of using technology. He agrees with Hohman that new devices make people’s lives better and easier. For instance, they allow for effective communication tools that enrich social relationships. There are many social media platforms which help to stay constantly in contact with families and friends. People can simply meet othersonline and there are no barriers such as destination or long waiting times. As a communication tool, innovation can be utilized as a way to interact, to share knowledge and learning experiencesor to engage individuals (Mochon). Today, many employees work remotely instead of being at the office which proves that “digital life empowers people to improve, advance or reinvent their lives, allowing them to self-actualize” (Mochon). Quentin Deakin, a teacher with a specialist status for technology, said that the majority of the world is generally accepting the implementation of technology into life, primarily due to technology’s advantages such as precision and great computing powers which can reduce human errors. Nonetheless, there are interesting points of view that can be against the previous position. Technology also has some crucial disadvantages, the primary one being the consequences of using social networks. From one viewpoint, it is stated that technology is prompting a controlled and cruel society, in which itis simpler for individuals to be manipulated. Cyberspace isolates people from the real worldsince they are often too focused on their screens. It causes addictive effects. Digital communication tools have decreased the time that people spend with their friends or significant others in face-to-face communication. The technology experts’ common opinion is that technology can raise harm in the future and especially for those who are vulnerable (Mochon). These technological advancements have made people less neighborly and sociable. Deakin is asking whether this acceptance of the technologies is necessarily positive because modern children are attached to their devices, dislike writing and textbooks, and have seen a substantial decline in their health, activity levels, and overall fitness. “A Japanese study in 2001 concluded that 'computers are creating a dumbed-down generation of children far more disposed to violencethan their parents'” (Deakin). It demonstrates particularly its influence on the young generation who grew up among new technology.Furthermore, people integrate their lives and even relationships into digital. The excessive internet use can lead to many consequences among people. John Suler is professor of psychology at Rider University’s Science and Technology. His research is conducted towards understanding the human behavior in cyberspace. Suler has written a book “Psychology of the digital age : humans become electric” where he mentioned that cyberspace as a whole mirrors the collective human mind - its functions, knowledge, purposes and hopes. It is pointed out that technology can give a human being almost everything he or she needs. The internet has played the role as the extension of human mind and the screens of people's devices reflect their beliefs, lifestyles and personalities. Today, it became an integral part of human life. The frequent use of technology leads to the fact that people do not notice how much time has passed. They are deeply immersed into screens. The internet may seem as its culture that has own rights and beliefs. The new generation of the 21th century is called the Net generation which grew upduring the expansion of the Internet. Gustavo S. Mesch, a professor of sociology at the University of Haifa, has stated that “Youth have an opportunity to express online their


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