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GSU NUTR 3100 - Fad Diet Assignment

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Fad Diet Assignment (70 points) Read thoroughly before beginning the assignment:There is no shortage of health and nutrition information online. But how can you determine if that information is safe and realistic? This assignment is designed to teach you how to approach online nutrition-related information with a critical eye and give you the tools necessary for determining whether or not that information is evidence-based. To start, you will read an article from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that explains how to identify a fad diet (https://www.eatright.org/health/weight-loss/fad-diets/staying-away-from-fad-diets) and answer questions 1-7 below. The second article you will read describes the popular Paleo diet https://www.eatright.org/health/weight-loss/fad-diets/should-we-eat-like-our-caveman-ancestors Using this article, you will then answer questions 8-14 regarding whether or not the Paleo diet qualifies as a fad diet.Answer questions 1-7 using the Academy article “Staying Away from Fad Diets” (5 points per question)1. How can one tell if an article regarding a diet or nutrition information is credible? (5 pts)a. It was published by the Academy of Nutrition and Dieteticsb. They have a large number of followersc. It was reviewed by a registered dietitian nutritionistd. Both a and ce. Both b and c2. We should aim for __________ minutes of physical activity on most days. (5 pts)a. 10-15b. 15-30c. 30-45d. 30-60e. More than 603. Which of the following is true about following rigid meal plans? (5 pts)a. They will help you gain muscle and lose fat more quickly.b. Excluding foods is the best way to lose weight. c. They usually work for everyone.d. They’re not realistic long term.4. Eliminating or restricting entire food groups during a diet is acceptable as long as you take a multivitamin daily. (5 pts)a. Trueb. False5. An excited friend tells you about a fad diet that says there’s no need for exercise. According to the article, what should you tell them about exercise and how it relates to healthy weight management and weight loss? (5 pts)According to the article, exercise whether it’s for only 30 to 60 minutes a day is still key to healthy weight management and/or weight loss. If he wanted to lose weight and maintain a healthy balanced then he should find a regular daily activity that he could do such as walking. 6. What is one health concern with rapid weight loss? (5 pts)a. Muscle lossb. Type 2 diabetesc. Lack of appetite d. Adequate hydration7. Pills that promote rapid weight loss are generally safe. (5 pts)a. Trueb. FalseAnswer questions 8-14 using the article “Should We Eat Like Our Caveman Ancestors?” (5points per question)8. Supporters of the Paleo diet believe that we should eliminate grains, dairy, and legumes to prevent chronic disease. (5 pts)a. Trueb. False9. Is there one specific Paleo diet? Explain. (5 pts)Diets of early humans varied drastically depending on where they lived 10. A typical Paleo diet plan may fall short in the Dietary Guidelines for _____________ recommendations? (5 pts)a. Carbohydrateb. Proteinc. Fatd. Both b and c11. The Paleo diet encourages which of the following? (5 pts)a. Dairy, beans, wheat, lentilsb. Grains, dairy, eggs, sugar, and saltc. Meat, fish, seafood, and poultry, fruits, veggiesd. Grains, dairy, legumes, sugar, and salt12. According to the Paleolithic diet, what does it mean “to eat like our ancestors”? For full credit, list examples of the foods eaten. (5 pts)That means foods that can be hunted, fished or gathered meat, fish, shellfish, poultry, eggs, veggies, roots, fruits and berries. However, since studies have found evidence that humans living during the Paleolithic era did in fact eat grains then grains should also be included. 13. Humans living in the Paleolithic Era DID eat grains. (5 pts)a. Trueb. False14. What is one similarity between the Paleo diet and the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans? (5 pts)a. They both suggest eliminating grains to lose weightb. Both encourage hunting and gathering over processed foodsc. Both encourage consuming more fruits and vegetablesd. Both recommend sticking to 2,000 calories/dayExtra Credit (3 points)Can you think of and explain another diet that qualifies as a fad diet? Why? (You MUST explain for credit!)The ketogenic diet is the current popular “fad diet”; which is high fat, moderate protein and low carbohydrate. This diet restricts carbohydrate consumption to 50 grams a day thus extremely limiting the consumption of the majority of fruits and vegetables due to their levels of carbohydrates and breads, grains or cereals. By adhereing to the keto diet plan, it causes your body to enter in a fasting state where due to the decreased amount carbohydrate/energy providing food, your body starts to break down the fat into ketones to keep itself going. This is the appealing aspect of the diet to the general population, that it provides a way for your body to consume the fat stores and are able to lose weight quickly. However, as we learned in the carbohydrate lecture. Ketone should only be a temporary solution, the longer your body runs on it the worse the affects will be especially regarding your brain function. People are so obsessed with losing weight quickly with minimal to no exercise that they do not adequately consider the adverse effects. From what I have researched, this diet is also not good for women as it destroys our pH balance and I have heard of numerous women who have done the diet complain of a foul odor emitting from their genital area.


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