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GSU NUTR 3100 - Energy Balance Assignment

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Chapter 10 Assignment: Energy BalanceIn Chapter 10, you learned about BMR (basal metabolic rate) and EER (estimated energy requirement). Your BMR is the minimum amount of energy (calories) your body needs to function, while your EER is the amount of energy (calories) you need once your activity level is taken into consideration. If you are trying to lose, gain or maintain your weight, EER is an important value to know. Please refer back to the lecture for more information on EER and energy balance/imbalance. Part 1: (Use your book to answer the following question) (20 points)Susan is a 35-year-old female. She weighs 168 pounds and is 5’8”. Susan is an employee at a hardware store and walks around the shop periodically throughout the day to help customers. Susan does not have a car, so she walks 0.5 mile to work and from work. After she comes home, she relaxes for the rest of the day. Based on this information about Susan, calculate her estimated energy requirement (EER) and BMI. a. Age (5 points):a. 40 yearsb. 35 yearsc. 58 yearsd. 22 yearsb. Physical Activity Factor (5 points): a. 1.00b. 1.11c. 1.12d. 1.25e. 1.27f. 1.45g. 1.48Based on the chart below (also in book):c. Weight in kilograms: (*hint* 2.2 pounds= 1 kilogram) (5 points): Round to the nearest whole number a. 76 kgb. 59 kgc. 168 kgd. 84 kg d. Height in meters: (*hint* height in inches/39.4) (5 points): Round to the nearest whole number a. 5’8’’b. 1.5 m c. 1.7 md. 2.0 mPart 2: EER calculation (5 points)The EER calculations depend on the individual’s age and gender. Remember that height and weight for EER should be calculated in meters and kilograms. Using your answers from above, find Karen’s EER using the calculation below:a = ageb = physical activity c = weight in kilograms (kg)d = height in meters (m)EER Equation: (found on page 379)Females, 19 years old and over: EER = {354 - (6.91 x a)} + b x {(9.36 x c) + (726 x d)}242 711 1234a. Susan’s EER is (5 points): Round to the nearest whole number for each calculated step of the equation and on your final answer. a. 2000 kcalb. 1589 kcalc. 2290 kcald. 1984 kcalPart 3: (20 points)Body Mass Index (BMI) = weight (pounds) x 703 OR BMI = weight (kg)height squared (inches)2 height (m)2a. Susan’s BMI is (10 points): a. 18.4b. 29.8c. 40.4d. 26.3b. Her BMI classifies her as what? (10 points):a. Underweightb. Normal weightc. Overweightd. Obese Part 4: (25 points)1. What are the components of energy needs? (5 points)a. Basal metabolism, body mass index, physical activityb. Body mass index, thermic effect of food, agec. Thermic effect of food, lean body mass, and estimated energy requirementd. Basal metabolism, thermic effect of food, physical activity2. Central obesity is caused by storing too much ___________ (the fat that surrounds organs in your chest and stomach and above your hips) around your waist (5 points) a. Visceral fatb. Body fat percentagec. Subcutaneous fatd. Skin fold thickness3. Which of the following factors does NOT stimulate feedback to the brain to decrease hunger? (Select one) (5 points)a. Proteinb. Fatty acidsc. Ghrelind. Monosaccharidese. Insulin4. True or false: Considering both your BMI and your waist circumference can give you a good idea of your level of risk for health problems. (5 points)5. Adding high volume foods (nutrient-dense foods like fruits and vegetables)to your meals can add to satiety and displace higher calorie foods, which can help with weight management. Provide one example of how you could add high volume foods to a meal and explain how it makes it a healthier meal. (5 points) Ex: Adding carrots and chicken to plain ramen noodles. The added protein will increase satiety and carrots will provide fiber, vitamins and minerals. The added flavor from these nutrients can also replace the use of someof the ramen seasoning


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