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Critical Approaches

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Chapter 6 – Critical Approaches - Flashcards 1 Critical theorists are mainly interested in imbalances of _____________. Power What did Karl Marx contribute to critical theory? A method of social analysis - imbalance of power between classes. What does the critical model of society say? Things are not as they seem. What is an ideal model of how life should be, according to critical analysis? A person should control their own destiny, have active participation, and variety in life. What does control of modes and means of production mean? Modes of production - economic conditions that underlie the production process. Means of production - how products are made and services rendered . These are both sources of power!Chapter 6 – Critical Approaches - Flashcards 2 What are the sources of power for the Pervasiveness of Power according to Miller? Formal authority, control of technology, symbolism, control of decision agendas and processes. How does power and control prevent the ideal model from being realized for some? Groups use power to realize interests through controlling other members of the group, may not be intentional, prevents other voices from being heard. What is ideology? The "taken- for- granted assumptions about reality that influence perceptions of situations and events." What does ideology hide? Control and power differences. In ideology, does communication create and sustain power differences or attack and eliminate power differences? Communication creates and sustains power differences.Chapter 6 – Critical Approaches - Flashcards 3 What is hegemony? The process by which a dominant group leads another group to accept subordination as the norm. A fight against power is also known as ____________. Resistance What is an example of resistance? Strikes, rallies, unionization. What are the three components of the theory of concertive control? Control, identification, and discipline. What is the role of the communication scholar according to the critical theory? To uncover unheard voices, make people aware of ideology, and lead them to emancipation.Chapter 6 – Critical Approaches - Flashcards 4 Team based systems lead workers to control whom? Each other - since they've internalized org. values, they enforce them and discipline each other’s behaviors, and are harder on each other than management would be. How do organizations frame sexual harassment, according to critical theory? Not a problem-they represent section’s interests as universal. What is an explanation used by a sexually harassed woman using the framing device of a simple misunderstanding? “It was mere flirting.” What are the limitations of the critical approaches? When using critical approaches, it’s difficult to remain objective, and difficult to prove the critical approach wrong. What is ideology critique? A method of research used by critical theorists which attempts to show how specific interests fail to be realized.Chapter 6 – Critical Approaches - Flashcards 5 What is deconstruction? "Taking apart" a text to reveal social and political meanings. Why is it difficult to prove critical theorists wrong? If one doesn't agree with them, they identify you as a victim of ideology, dominated by hegemony. The ultimate goal of the critical model is ________________ Emancipation What is emancipation? The liberation of people from unnecessarily restrictive traditions, ideologies, assumptions, power relations, etc. that inhibit or distort opportunities for autonomy and satisfaction. What is the role of the critical theorist? To reveal the social structures and processes that have led to ideological hegemony.Chapter 6 – Critical Approaches - Flashcards 6 What does the theory of concertive control argue? It argues that power is embedded in a system of identification and


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