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Literature Review

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Running head: LITERATURE REVIEW 1Literature Review Lorraine AcostaJohnson & Wales UniversityLITERATURE REVIEW 2Recently, media reports of a growing economy and low unemployment cover up several importantreasons related to homelessness prevalence, and, in some areas of the country, it is worsening. Theseinclude stagnant or falling incomes, and less secure jobs that offer fewer benefits (NCH, 2009). In themany reasons why homelessness persists in a greatly advanced, first-world nation, the true definitionof “being homeless” stands as one of the biggest in the bunch (NLCHP, 2015). The National LawCenter on Homelessness and Poverty currently estimates that each year, at least 2.5 to 3.5 millionAmericans sleep in shelters, transitional housing, and public places not meant for human habitation(2015). At least an additional 7.4 million have lost their homes and are now living with friends orrelatives. But data related to homelessness are far from exact. Part of the difficulty is that there aredifferent definitions of homelessness now in use. For example, the U.S. Department of Housing andUrban development (HUD) uses a narrow definition largely limited to people living in shelters, intransitional housing, and in public places. The U.S. Department of Education (DoE), however, uses abroader definition that includes families who temporarily stay with others due to financial instability(NLCHP, 2015). The National Alliance to End Homelessness suggests that an astronomical $3 Billioncan help alleviate the homeless situation for about 70,000 families (out of the half a billion individualsthat are currently living on the streets). Notwithstanding, this progress is only possible throughbipartisan Congressional investments into Homeless Assistance programs (NAEH). Currently, theUnited States Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD) McKinney-Vento HomelessAssistance Grants program received $2.636 billion in fiscal year (FY) 2019. The AppropriationsCommittees in the House and Senate are beginning to put their bills together, while waiting for anagreement between the two chambers on overall spending limits for FY 2020 (NAEH).LITERATURE REVIEW 3Employment and Homelessness. (2009, July). Retrieved from https://nationalhomeless.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Employment-Fact-Sheet.pdf.Federal Funding for Homelessness Programs. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://endhomelessness.org/ending-homelessness/policy/federal-funding-homelessness-programs/.Homelessness in America: Overview of Data and Causes. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://nlchp.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Homeless_Stats_Fact_Sheet.pdf.Issue Areas - National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.printfriendly.com/p/g/ciaggM.Making Effective Use of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) to End Family Homelessness.(n.d.). Retrieved from http://endhomelessness.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/making-effective-use-of-tanf.pdf.What Causes Homelessness? Income. (n.d.). Retrieved from


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