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UCLA A&OSCI M100 - EPSS9 2019 Final Study Guide

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1. Earth’s ocean basins are composed primarily of _____________ a. granite b. eclogite c. basalt d. olivine 2. Venus is similar in size to ______________ a. Jupiter b. Neptune c. Mercury d. Earth e. Mars 3. Venus has a period of rotation of __________ a. 2000 Earth days b. 243 Earth days c. 500 Earth days d. 1 Earth day 4. Ishtar Terra and Aphrodite Terra are analgous to __________ on Earth. a. ocean basins b. mountains c. continents d. volcanoes 5. The ideal gas law relates pressure and volume of a gas and is _______________ a. PV = LTQ b. PV = nRT c. P/V = QRT d. nPV = TF 6. Mars is _____ from the Sun a. 0.5 AU b. 5.0 AU c. 1.0 AU d. 1.5 AU 7. The largest volcano in the solar system is ___________ and is found on Mars a. Olympus giganticus b. Athens Mons c. Mons the great d. Olympus Mons 8. The region outlined in the black line in the false-color topographic map of Mars shown below is called ________________ a. catharsis b. the Tharsis regionc. the volcanic center d. the great red spot 9. The surface of Mars is made largely of the most common rock in the solar system. That rock type is ______________ a. granite b. rhyolite c. chondrite d. basalt 10. The deep parts of the gas giant planets are composed of ____________ a. metallic He b. metallic H liquid c. metallic Li d. metallic Fe 11. One sidereal day on Mercury takes __________Earth days. a. 750 b. 59 c. 2000 d. 365 12. The Sun burns brightly because of the conversion of ________________. a. Helium to hydrogen b. Sodium to cadmium c. Helium to silicond. Hydrogen to helium 13. Equations of state relate _________________for planetary materials. a. Mass, radius, and density b. Mass, color, and temperature c. Color, temperature, and luminosity d. Compressibility, temperature, and luminosity 14. Polytropes relate _________ for different planetary materials. a. Mass to temperature b. Mass to density and radius c. Radius to temperature d. Temperature to pressure 15. Chondrites are ________________. a. Undifferentiated b. Differentiated c. Melted d. Made entirely of metal 16. The k values for angular momentum tell us about___________. a. The distribution of oxygen in a plantary body b. The orbital period of a spherical body c. The distribution of mass in a spherical body d. The spin-orbit resonance of a spherical body 17. A “hot Jupiter” refers to _________________. a. extrasolar giant planets too hot to be like Jupiter b. extrasolar giant planets orbiting very near to their star c. extrasolar giant planets about to ignite as a new star d. extrasolar giant planets that are red on the HR


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